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Amphiglossus astrolabi DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839

IUCN Red List - Amphiglossus astrolabi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Diving Skink 
SynonymAmphiglossus astrolabi DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 608
Scelotes astrolabi — BOULENGER 1887
Scelotes brunneus BARBOUR 1918: 484
Scelotes astrolabi — ANGEL 1942: 125
Amphiglossus astrolabi — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 315
Amphiglossus astrolabi — ANDREONE & GREER 2002
Amphiglossus astrolabi — SCHMITZ et al. 2005
Amphiglossus astrolabi — ERENS et al. 2017 
DistributionMadagascar (Fianarantsoa, Toamasina)

Type locality: “Madagascar”, restricted to East-Central Madagascar by Brygoo 1980: 530.  
TypesLectotype: MNHN-RA 5256 (indicated as Lectotype in MNHN catalogue); paralectotype: MNHN-RA 2861
Holotype: MCZ 11870 [brunneus] 
DiagnosisDescription: The three available specimens form two groups on the basis of their supraciliary morphology and lateral colour pattern. Two specimens (MRSN R1727, male and MRSN R1622, female) have the supranasals separated, the supraciliary row continuous, and a dark brown dorsal ground colour which on the flanks is disposed in longitudinal rows through the centres of the scales. In contrast, one specimen (MRSN R1143, female) has the supranasals in contact, the supraciliary row interrupted by the posterior part of the second and all of the third supraocular extending laterally to the upper palpebral scale row, and a fawn brown dorsal ground colour which on the flanks is diffuse (Andreone & Greer 2002). 
CommentGongylus stumpfii has been removed from the synonymy of Amphiglossus astrolabi by BRYGOO 1980. Angel (1942) also listed a “var. boettgeri”.

Type species: Amphiglossus astrolabi is the type species of the genus Amphiglossus astrolabi DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839. Note that Erens et al. 2017 restricted Amphiglossus to only 2 species, and erected new genera (Flexiseps and Brachyseps) for paraphyletic clades previously assigned to Amphiglossus. 
Etymologynamed after the corvette “Astrolabe”. 
  • Andreone F., Randrianirina J., Jenkins P.D. & Aprea G. 2000. Species diversity of Amphibia, Reptilia and Lipotyphla (Mammalia) at Ambolokopatrika, a rainforest between the Anjanaharibe-Sud and Marojejy massifs, NE Madagascar. Biodiversity and Conservation 9: 1587–1622 - get paper here
  • Andreone, F. & Greer, A.E. 2002. Malagasy scincid lizards: descriptions of nine new species, with notes on the morphology, reproduction and taxonomy of some previously described species (Reptilia, Squamata: Scincidae). Journal of Zoology 258, 139-181 - get paper here
  • Angel, F. 1942. Les Lézards de Madagascar. Mem. Acad. Malagache, Tananarive XXXVI: 193 pp.
  • Barbour, Thomas 1918. Vertebrata from Madagascar. 2. Amphibia and Reptilia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 61 (14): 479-489. - get paper here
  • Belluardo, F., Muñoz-Pajares, A. J., Miralles, A., Silvestro, D., Cocca, W., Ratsoavina, F. M., ... & Crottini, A. 2022. Slow and steady wins the race: Diversification rate is independent from body size and lifestyle in Malagasy skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Scincinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 107635 - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E.R. 1985. Les types des scincidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. (4e sér.) 7 (sect. A 3), suppl.: 1-126
  • Brygoo,E.R. 1980. Systématique des lézards scincides de la région malgache. II. Amphiglossus astrolabi DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839, Gongylus polleni GRANDIDIER 1869, Gongylus stumpffi BOETTGER 1882, et Scelotes waterloti ANGEL 1930. Bull. Mus. natl. Hist. nat. Paris, 4th ser., Sect. A., 2 (2): 525-539
  • Crottini, Angelica; Janina Dordel, Jörn Köhler, Frank Glaw, Andreas Schmitz, Miguel Vences 2009. A multilocus phylogeny of Malagasy scincid lizards elucidates the relationships of the fossorial genera Androngo and Cryptoscincus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 (1): 345-350 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Erens, Jesse; Aurélien Miralles, Frank Glaw, Lars Chatrou, Miguel Vences 2016. Extended molecular phylogenetics and revised systematics of Malagasy scincine lizards. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Krüger, Jens 1999. Neue Erkenntnisse zur Faunistik einiger Reptilien Madagaskars. Salamandra 35 (2): 65-76 - get paper here
  • MIRALLES, AURÉLIEN, ACHILLE P. RASELIMANANA, DOMOINA RAKOTOMALALA, MIGUEL VENCES & DAVID R. VIEITES 2011. A new large and colorful skink of the genus Amphiglossus from Madagascar revealed by morphology and multilocus molecular study. Zootaxa 2918: 47–67 - get paper here
  • Schmitz, A.; M.C. Brandley; P. Mausfeld; M. Vences; F. Glaw; R.A. Nussbaum and T.W. Reeder 2005. Opening the black box: phylogenetics and morphological evolution of the Malagasy fossorial lizards of the subfamily “Scincinae”. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34: 118–133 (published online 2004) - get paper here
  • Whiting, A.S.; Jack W. Sites, Jr. & Aaron M. Bauer 2004. Molecular phylogenetics of Malagasy skinks (Squamata: Scincidae). African Journal of Herpetology 53(2): 135-146 - get paper here
  • Wiens, J.J.; Brandley, M.C.; Reeder, T.W. 2006. Why does a trait evolve multiple times within a clade? Repeated evolution of snakelike body form in squamate reptiles. Evolution 60 (1): 123-141. - get paper here
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