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Amphisbaena occidentalis COPE, 1875

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Western Worm Lizard 
SynonymAmphisbaena occidentalis COPE 1876
Amphisbaena occidentalis — PETERS et al. 1970: 34
Amphisbaena occidentalis occidentalis COPE 1876
Amphisbaena occidentalis occidentalis — GANS 1961
Amphisbaena occidentalis — CHAVEZ & VENEGAS 2007 
DistributionW Peru

Type locality: ‘‘Valley of Jequetepeque,’’ north coast of Peru (07°22’S, 79°34’W).  
TypesSyntypes: ANSP 11355–11358 
CommentAmphisbaena occidentalis townsendi (STEJNEGER 1911) has been elevated to full species status. 
EtymologyThe specific name occidentalis (Latin) refers to the western distribution of this species. 
  • Chávez, G. & Venegas, P. 2007. Looking for Macanches in the dry forest of Peru. Reptilia (GB) (51): 54-59 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1875. Report on the Reptiles brought by Professor James Orton from the middle and upper Amazon and western Peru. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia N.S. (2) 8: 159-183 [sometimes thought to be published 1876 but see Murphy et al. 2007 for clarification] - get paper here
  • Costa HC, Welton LJ, Hallermann J 2018. An updated diagnosis of the rare Amphisbaena slateri Boulenger, 1907, based on additional specimens (Squamata, Amphisbaenia, Amphisbaenidae). Evolutionary Systematics 2(2): 125-135 - get paper here
  • Gans, Carl 1961. Notes on Amphisbaenids (Amphisbaenia: Reptilia) 2. Amphisbaena occidentalis Cope from the Central Plain of Northern Peru. Postilla (56): 1-17 - get paper here
  • MURPHY R. W., SMITH A. and NGO A. 2007. The versions of Cope's Batrachia and Reptilia of Costa Rica. Bibliotheca Herpetologica 7 (1): - get paper here
  • Parker, H.W. 1932. The Status of Two Peruvian Lizards. Copeia 1932 (4): 178 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD 1911. Description of a new amphisbaenoid lizard from Peru. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 41: 283-284. - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P.E. 2002. AN AID TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE SOUTH AMERICAN SPECIES OF AMPHISBAENA (SQUAMATA, AMPHISBAENIDAE). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 42(15):351-362 - get paper here
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