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Anatololacerta danfordi (GÜNTHER, 1876)

IUCN Red List - Anatololacerta danfordi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Danford's Lizard
G: Anatolische Eidechse 
SynonymZootoca danfordi GÜNTHER 1876: 818
Podarcis danfordi — CAMERANO 1877
Lacerta danfordi — BEDRIAGA 1879: 30
Lacerta danfordi — MEHELY 1909: 452
Lacerta danfordii — BOULENGER 1920: 309
Lacerta danfordi quanttaylori BÖRNER 1974
Lacerta danfordi danfordi — EISELT & SCHMIDTLER 1986: 323
Lacerta danfordi bileki EISELT & SCHMIDTLER 1986: 323
Lacerta oertzeni ibrahimi EISELT & SCHMIDTLER 1986: 322
Lacerta danfordi — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Archaeolacerta danfordi — SINDACO et al. 2000
Anatololacerta danfordi — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Anatololacerta) danfordi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Anatololacerta danfordi bileki — BELLATI et al. 2014
Anatololacerta oertzeni ibrahimi — BELLATI et al. 2014
Anatololacerta danfordi — BELLATI et al. 2014
Anatololacerta danfordi — KARAKASI et al. 2021 
DistributionTurkey (Mountains at the Bolkar Da region), Turkey (central south coast), Greece (Rhodes, Ikaria, Pentanissos)

Type locality: “Zebil Bulgar Dagh (Cilician Taurus), altitude 4000 feet.”

bileki: Turkey; Type locality: Ilgin, Vil Konya, Türkei.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH ? (Eiselt & Schmidtler 1987 mention multiple syntypes, without collection information)
Holotype: NMW 26759:5, 39 additional paratypes in GNM, NMW, SMF and ZDEU [bileki]
Holotype: ZSM 59/1983, female, paratypes: ZSM, BMNH, GNM, NMW and ZDEU [ibrahimi] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Lizards possessing the following features found only in a minority of other Lacertini: 7–8 posterior presacral vertebrae with short ribs, sternal fontanelle often weakly heart-shaped, pattern of tail vertebrae C-type, often five upper labial scales in front of subocular, masseteric scale frequently small or absent, preanal scale relatively small and bordered by more than one row of smaller scales, broad pale dorsolateral stripes often present, hemipenial lobes relatively long with large outer sulcal lips on lobes. Other more widely distributed features include head and body not strongly depressed, seven premaxillary teeth in adults, usual number of presacral vertebrae in males 26, inscriptional ribs frequently absent, tail brightly coloured in hatchlings; hemipenial microornamentation of crown-shaped tubercles (from Arnold et al. 2007: 35). 
CommentType Species: Zootoca danfordi is the type species of the genus Anatololacerta ARNOLD et al. 2007.

Subspecies: The status of Lacerta oertzeni ibrahimi EISELT & SCHMIDTLER 1986 remains unclear. See Bellati et al. 2014 for a discussion. The taxon could also belong to budaki, and would then even have priority over budaki.
Börner (1974) described Lacerta danfordi quanttaylori from Rhodos in a non-peer-reviewed, self-published paper. Bellati et a. 2014 synonymized this form with pelasgiana.

Synonymy: after MEHELY 1909 and Bellati et al. 2014. The names Anatololacerta danfordi bileki and A. oertzeni ibrahimi were used by BELLATI et al. 2014 although these authors concluded that they shouldd be included in Anatololacerta danfordi.

Distribution: see map in Karakasi et al. 2021: 26 (Fig. S1)

Etymology: A. d. bileki is named after Karl Bilek, preparator at the NMW in Vienna. 
EtymologyNamed after Charles G. Danford (1843-1928), a geologist, paleontologist, zoologist, artist, traveler, and explorer

The genus was named after the occurrence of at least some of the species in Anatolia. “Lacerta” is the Latin word for lizard. 
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Baran, I.; Kumlutas, Y.; Olgun, K.; Ilgaz, C. & Kaska, Y. 2001. The Herpetofauna of the Vicinity of Silifke. Turkish Journal of Zoology 25: 245-249 - get paper here
  • BARAN, Ibrahim & Yusuf KUMLUTAS 1999. Köycegiz Özel Koruma Bölgesi Lacerta danfordi (Reptilia: Lacertidae) Populasyonu Hakkinda. Turkish Journal of Zoology 23 (Ek Sayi 1): 7-13 - get paper here
  • Bellati, Adriana; Salvador Carranza, Joan Garcia-Porta, Mauro Fasola, Roberto Sindaco 2014. Cryptic diversity within the Anatololacerta species complex (Squamata: Lacertidae) in the Anatolian Peninsula: Evidence from a multi-locus approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 82: 219-233 [online 2014, in print 2015] - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Beser, N., Ilgaz, C., Kumlutas, Y., Candan, K., Guclu, O. and Uzum, N. 2020. Age and growth in two populations of Danford’s lizard, Anatololacerta danfordi (Gunther, 1876), from the eastern Mediterranean. Turkish Journal of Zoology - get paper here
  • Bird, C. G. 1936. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in Asiatic Turkey with notes on a collection from the Vilayets of Adana, Gaziantep and Malatya. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10) 18: 257-281. - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 1991. Übersicht der Arten und Unterarten der Familie Lacertidae 3. Die Gattung Lacerta. Die Eidechse 2 (3): 5-16 - get paper here
  • Börner, A.-R. 1974. Resultate der Rhodos-Exkursion, April 1974. Teil 1. Eine neue Unterart der Eidechse Lacerta danfordi (Günther) 1876 von den südlichen Sporaden. Miscellaneous Articles in Saurology 3: 1-11
  • Bosch, H A J in den 2002. Informal synonymy of the Lacerta kulzeri group (Lacertidae, Reptilia). Podarcis 3 (1): 2-16 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1910. Remarks on Prof. L. von Mehely's recent Contribution to the Knowledge of the Lizards allied to Lacerta muralis. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 5: 247-256 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1920. Monograph of the Lacertidae, vol. 1. British Museum (London) - get paper here
  • Çevik, Ethem, Eyup Baskale, Ugar Kaya and Ferai Turgay 2006. Taxonomic status of some Lacerta danfordi (Günther, 1876) populations. Russ. J. Herpetol. 13 (2):89-92.
  • Eiselt,J. & Schmidtler,F.J. 1987. Der Lacerta danfordi-Komplex. Spixiana 9 (3): 289-328 [1986] - get paper here
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Güçlü, Özgür and Kurtulus Olgun 2008. Present status of Lacerta danfordi Complex (Gunther, 1876) in southwestern Anatolia, Turkey. Russ. J. Herpetol. 15 (3):179-188 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1876. Description of a new species of lizard from Asia Minor. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1876: 818 - get paper here
  • Hoofien, J. H.; Sivan, N.; Werner, Y. L. 1990. Deletion of Lacerta danfordi (Reptilia: Lacertidae) from the herpetofaunal lists of Petra (Jordan) and Mount Hermon, with zoogeographical implications. Israel Journal of Zoology 37: 97-105
  • Karakasi, Danae; Çetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutas ̧, Kamil Candan, Özgür Güçlü, Tolga Kankılıç, Nurettin Bes ̧er, Roberto Sindaco, Petros Lymberakis, Nikos Poulakakis 2021. More evidence of cryptic diversity in Anatololacerta species complex Arnold, Arribas and Carranza, 2007 (Squamata: Lacertidae) and re-evaluation of its current taxonomy. Amphibia-Reptilia 42 (2): 201–216 - get paper here
  • Kasapidis, Panagiotis;Provatidou, Sofia;Maragou, Panagiota;Valakos, Efstratios D. 1996. Neue Daten über die Herpetofauna von Lesbos (ägäische Inseln, Griechenland) und einige biogeographische Bemerkungen über die Inseln des nordöstlichen ägäischen Archipels. Salamandra 32 (3): 171-180 - get paper here
  • KUCHARZEWSKI, C. 2016. Another contribution to the herpetology of southwestern Turkey. Sauria 38 (3): 37 - 56 - get paper here
  • ÖZDEMÜR, Adem & Übrahim BARAN 2002. Research on the Herpetofauna of Murat Mountain (Kütahya-Usak). Turkish Journal of Zoology 26: 189-195 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554. - get paper here
  • Tiedemann,F. & Grillitsch,H. 1999. Ergänzungen zu den Katalogen der Typusexemplare der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien. [type catalogue] Herpetozoa 12 (3-4): 147-156 - get paper here
  • Werner, FRANZ 1902. Die Reptilien- und Amphibienfauna von Kleinasien. Sitzungsber. K. Akad. Wiss. (math.-Naturw. Klasse 1) 111: 1057-1121
  • Wettstein, O. 1967. Ergebnisse zoologischer Sammelreisen in der Türkei: Versuch einer Klärung des Rassenkreises von Lacerta danfordi GTHR 1876. Ann. naturh. Mus. Wien 70: 345-356. - get paper here
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