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Ancylodactylus africanus (WERNER, 1895)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: African Gecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus africanus WERNER 1895: 190
Cnemaspis africana — KLUGE 1993
Cnemaspis africana — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 10
Cnemaspis (Ancylodactylus) africana — RÖSLER 2000: 62
Cnemaspis africana — MENEGON et al. 2003
Ancylodactylus africana — RÖSLER 2017: 46
Cnemaspis africana — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 77
Ancylodactylus africanus — MALONZA & BAUER 2022 
DistributionS Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Cameroon, Ivory Coast

Type locality: Usambara Mountains, Tanzania.  
TypesLectotype: NMW 17489 
DiagnosisDescription: Loveridge 1947: 93. 
CommentSynonymy: Not listed in LeBreton 1999 as such, who lists only Cnemaspis africanus koehleri as a synonym of Cnemaspis koehleri. Cnemaspis africana elgonensis LOVERIDGE 1935 is now considered as a valid species.

Distribution: see map in MALONZA & BAUER 2022: 104 (Fig. 1). 
EtymologyNamed after its African origin. 
  • Bauer, A.M. & Günther,R. 1991. An annotated type catalogue of the geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) in the Zoological Museum , Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 67: 279-310 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Cimatti, E. 2006. African Jewels: Tanzania on foot. Reptilia (GB) (46): 65-70 - get paper here
  • Lötters, S.; Wagner, P.; Bwong, B. A.; Schick, S.; Malonza, K. P.; Muchai, V.; Wasonga, D. V.; Veith, M. 2007. A fieldguide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Kakamega Forest / Amfibia na reptilia wanaopatikana msitu wa Kakamega. Natinal Museums of Kenya and University of Mainz, Nairobi and Mainz, 112 pp. ISBN 978-3-00-021841-5
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. Revision of the African geckos of the genus Cnemaspis, with the description of a new race. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1935: 817—822. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • MALONZA, P. K., & BAUER, A. M. 2022. Resurrection of the African gecko genus Ancylodactylus Müller, 1907 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) and description of six new species from Kenya. Zootaxa 5141 (2): 101-139 - get paper here
  • Malonza, Patrick K.; David M. Mulwa, Joash O. Nyamache, Georgina Jones 2017. Biogeography of the Shimba Hills ecosystem herpetofauna in Kenya. Zoological Research 38(5): 1-11 - get paper here
  • Malonza, Vincent; Beryl A. Bwong, Vincent Muchai 2011. Kitobo Forest of Kenya, a unique hotspot of herpetofaunal divers. Acta Herpetologica 6 (2): 149-160 - get paper here
  • Menegon, Michele, Sebastiano Salvidio and David Moyer 2003. Reptiles and Amphibians of Nguu North Forest Reserve, Tanzania: A first contribution. African Herp News (36):2-8. - get paper here
  • Muchai, Vincent & Patrick Malonza 2011. The reptiles and amphibians of Kibwezi Forest, Ngulia and Chyulu Hills. Kenya Past and Present (39): 45-49 - get paper here
  • Perret J L 1986. Revision des especes africaines du genre Cnemaspis Strauch, sous-genre Ancylodactylus Muller (Lacertilia, Gekkonidae), avec la description de quatre especes nouvelles. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 93 (2) 1986: 457-505 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 2017. Gecko-Chorologie (Squamata: Gekkota). Gekkota (4): 1-160
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp; Jörn Köhler; Andreas Schmitz; Wolfgang Böhme 2008. The biogeographical assignment of a west Kenyan rain forest remnant: further evidence from analysis of its reptile fauna. Journal of Biogeography 35: 1349–1361 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1895. Über einige Reptilien aus Usambara (Deutsch-Ostafrika). Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 45: 190—194 - get paper here
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