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Anguis cephallonica WERNER, 1894

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anguinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPeloponnese Slow Worm 
SynonymAnguis fragilis var. cephallonica WERNER 1894
Anguis fragilis peloponnesiacus STEPANEK 1937
Anguis fragilis fragilis — WERMUTH 1969
Anguis fragilis peloponnesiacus — BISCHOFF & BISCHOFF 1980
Anguis fragilis peloponnesiacus — MEYER 1985
Anguis cephalonnicus — GRILLITSCH & CABELA 1990
Anguis cephallonicus — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Anguis cephallonicus — ARNOLD 2002
Anguis cephalonicus [sic] — RUTSCHKE et al. 2005
Anguis cephallonicus — TRAPP 2007
Anguis cephallonica — GVOŽDÍK et al. 2010
Anguis cephallonica — GVOŽDIK et al. 2013
Anguis cephallonicus — KWET & TRAPP 2014 
DistributionS Greece (Peloponnes, Zakynthos and Kephallenia Islands)

Type locality: Lagune Kotavos bei Argostoli, Berg Agios Georgios und Sami auf Kephallonia; Berg Skopos auf der Insel Zante. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesLectotype: NMW 31631:6 (juvenile) 
CommentTaxonomy: Gvoždík et al. (2013) suggested to distinguish 5 genetic species of Anguis: graeca, colchica, fragilis, cinerea, and cephallonica. A detailed morphological analysis of the entire genus is under preparation (Benkovsky ́ et al., in preparation).

Distribution: see map in Jablonski et al. 2016: 3 (Fig. 1).

Limbless. 
EtymologyAnguis is a feminine Latin word and therefore this species has to be called “Anguis cephallonica” (instead of cephalonnicus). 
References
  • Arnold, E.N. 2002. Reptiles and Amphibians of Europe. Princeton Field Guides
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Grillitsch, H. & A. Cabela 1990. Zum Systematischen Status der Blindschleichen (Squamata: Anguidae) der Peloponnes und der südlichen Ionischen Inseln. Herpetozoa 2 (3/4): 131-153. - get paper here
  • Gvoždík, Václav; David Jandzik, Petros Lymberakis, Daniel Jablonski, Jiří Moravec 2010. Slow worm, Anguis fragilis (Reptilia: Anguidae) as a species complex: Genetic structure reveals deep divergences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55 (2): 460-472 - get paper here
  • Gvoždík, Václav; Norbert Benkovský, Angelica Crottini, Adriana Bellati, Jirí Moravec, Antonio Romano, Roberto Sacchi, David Jandzik 2013. An ancient lineage of slow worms, genus Anguis (Squamata: Anguidae), survived in the Italian Peninsula. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 1077–1092; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.004
  • Jablonski, Daniel; David Jandzik; Peter Mikulíček, Georg Džukić, Katarina Ljubisavljević, Nikolay Tzankov, Dušan Jelić, Evanthia Thanou, Jiří Moravec and Václav Gvoždík 2016. Contrasting evolutionary histories of the legless lizards slow worms (Anguis) shaped by the topography of the Balkan Peninsula. BMC Evolutionary Biology 16:99; DOI: 10.1186/s12862-016-0669-1 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Reptilien in Europa – eine aktuelle Übersicht. Draco 15 (60): 6-25 - get paper here
  • Mayer, W., H. Grillitsch & A. Cabela 1991. Proteinelektrophoretische Untersuchungen zur Systematik der südgriechischen Blindschleiche (Squamata: Anguidae). Herpetozoa 4 (3/4): 157-165.<br /> - get paper here
  • Rutschke, J.; Koepe, D. & Deichsel, G. 2005. Beobachtungen zu anthropogenen Einflüssen auf die Reptilienfauna des Peloponnes (Griechenland). Herpetofauna 25 (143): 17-28 [2003/2004] - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Stèpànek, O. 1937. Anguis fragilis peloponnesiacus n. ssp. Zool. Anz. 118 (3/4): 107-110
  • Strzałaa, Tomasz; Renata Grochowalskab, Bartłomiej Najbarb, Peter Mikulíčekc, David Jandzikcd, Petros Lymberakise & Daniel Jablonskic 2016. Complete mitochondrial genome of the endemic legless lizard Anguis cephallonica Werner, 1894 and its comparison with mitogenome of Anguis fragilis Linnaeus, 1758. Mitochondrial DNA, DOI:10.1080/23802359.2015.1137834 - get paper here
  • Thanou, Evanthia, Sinos Giokas and Pangiotis Kornilios. 2014. Phylogeography and genetic structure of the slow worms Anguis cephallonica and Anguis graeca (Squamata: Anguidae) from the southern Balkan Peninsula. Amphibia-Reptilia 35 (2): 263-269
  • Trapp, B. 2007. Reptilien und Amphibien des griechischen Festlandes. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 300 pp. - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1894. Die Reptilien- und Batrachierfauna der jonischen Inseln. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 44: 225-237 - get paper here
 
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