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Anguis cephallonica WERNER, 1894

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anguinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPeloponnese Slow Worm 
SynonymAnguis fragilis var. cephallonica WERNER 1894
Anguis fragilis peloponnesiacus STEPANEK 1937
Anguis fragilis fragilis — WERMUTH 1969
Anguis fragilis peloponnesiacus — BISCHOFF & BISCHOFF 1980
Anguis fragilis peloponnesiacus — MEYER 1985
Anguis cephalonnicus — GRILLITSCH & CABELA 1990
Anguis cephallonicus — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Anguis cephallonicus — ARNOLD 2002
Anguis cephalonicus [sic] — RUTSCHKE et al. 2005
Anguis cephallonicus — TRAPP 2007
Anguis cephallonica — GVOŽDÍK et al. 2010
Anguis cephallonica — GVOŽDIK et al. 2013
Anguis cephallonicus — KWET & TRAPP 2014 
DistributionS Greece (Peloponnes, Zakynthos and Kephallenia Islands)

Type locality: Lagune Kotavos bei Argostoli, Berg Agios Georgios und Sami auf Kephallonia; Berg Skopos auf der Insel Zante. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesLectotype: NMW 31631:6 (juvenile) 
CommentTaxonomy: Gvoždík et al. (2013) suggested to distinguish 5 genetic species of Anguis: graeca, colchica, fragilis, cinerea, and cephallonica. A detailed morphological analysis of the entire genus is under preparation (Benkovsky ́ et al., in preparation).

Limbless. 
EtymologyAnguis is a feminine Latin word and therefore this species has to be called “Anguis cephallonica” (instead of cephalonnicus). 
References
  • Arnold, E.N. 2002. Reptiles and Amphibians of Europe. Princeton Field Guides
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Grillitsch, H. & A. Cabela 1990. Zum Systematischen Status der Blindschleichen (Squamata: Anguidae) der Peloponnes und der südlichen Ionischen Inseln. Herpetozoa 2 (3/4): 131-153. - get paper here
  • Gvoždík, Václav; David Jandzik, Petros Lymberakis, Daniel Jablonski, Jiří Moravec 2010. Slow worm, Anguis fragilis (Reptilia: Anguidae) as a species complex: Genetic structure reveals deep divergences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55 (2): 460-472 - get paper here
  • Gvoždík, Václav; Norbert Benkovský, Angelica Crottini, Adriana Bellati, Jirí Moravec, Antonio Romano, Roberto Sacchi, David Jandzik 2013. An ancient lineage of slow worms, genus Anguis (Squamata: Anguidae), survived in the Italian Peninsula. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 1077–1092; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.004
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Reptilien in Europa – eine aktuelle Übersicht. Draco 15 (60): 6-25 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Mayer, W., H. Grillitsch & A. Cabela 1991. Proteinelektrophoretische Untersuchungen zur Systematik der südgriechischen Blindschleiche (Squamata: Anguidae). Herpetozoa 4 (3/4): 157-165.<br /> - get paper here
  • Rutschke, J.; Koepe, D. & Deichsel, G. 2005. Beobachtungen zu anthropogenen Einflüssen auf die Reptilienfauna des Peloponnes (Griechenland). Herpetofauna 25 (143): 17-28 [2003/2004] - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Stèpànek, O. 1937. Anguis fragilis peloponnesiacus n. ssp. Zool. Anz. 118 (3/4): 107-110
  • Strzałaa, Tomasz; Renata Grochowalskab, Bartłomiej Najbarb, Peter Mikulíčekc, David Jandzikcd, Petros Lymberakise & Daniel Jablonskic 2016. Complete mitochondrial genome of the endemic legless lizard Anguis cephallonica Werner, 1894 and its comparison with mitogenome of Anguis fragilis Linnaeus, 1758. Mitochondrial DNA, DOI:10.1080/23802359.2015.1137834 - get paper here
  • Thanou, Evanthia, Sinos Giokas and Pangiotis Kornilios. 2014. Phylogeography and genetic structure of the slow worms Anguis cephallonica and Anguis graeca (Squamata: Anguidae) from the southern Balkan Peninsula. Amphibia-Reptilia 35 (2): 263-269
  • Trapp, B. 2007. Reptilien und Amphibien des griechischen Festlandes. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 300 pp. - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1894. Die Reptilien- und Batrachierfauna der jonischen Inseln. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 44: 225-237
 
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