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Anguis colchica (NORDMANN, 1840)

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anguinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Slow Worm
G: Blindschleiche
NL: hazelworm 
SynonymOtophis eryx var. colchica NORDMANN 1840
Anguis incerta KRYNICKI 1837
Anguis fragalis var. colchica — WERNER 1903
Anguis fragilis colchicus — ROITBERG et al. 2000
Anguis fragilis colchicus — BISCHOFF 2002
Anguis fragilis colchica — RAZZETTI et al. in ZUFFI 2006
Anguis fragilis colchicus — SOS 2007
Anguis fragilis colchicus — RASTEGAR-POUYANI et al. 2008
Anguis colchica — JABLONSKI & MEDUNA 2010
Anguis colchica incerta — JABLONSKI & MEDUNA 2010
Anguis colchica colchica — GVOŽDÍK et al. 2010
Anguis colchica incerta — GVOŽDÍK et al. 2010
Anguis colchica orientalis — GVOŽDÍK et al. 2010
Anguis colchica — GVOŽDIK et al. 2013 
Distributioncolchica: E Europe (east of the Alps), N Iran, S Russia (Dagestan), Romania, Lithuania, NE Poland, eastern Czech Republic, Armenia.

Type locality: “Kuban-Gebiet (SW Russia) und Mingrelien” (West Republic of Georgia).

incerta: Lithuania; Type locality: Vilnius [Lithuania]; restricted by Mertens and Wermuth, 1960 to ‘‘Wilna, Litauen” [=Vilnius, Lithuania]

orientalis: N Iran, probably SE Azerbaijan; Type locality: ‘Rehst, on the Caspian Sea” [= Rasht, Iran]  
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: not located (ANDERSON 1999)
Holotype: ZIS 4829 [orientalis] 
CommentTaxonomy: GVOŽDÍK et al. 2010 resurrected A. graeca and a number of subspecies. However, while these clades are clearly different genetically, they are not diagnosable morphologically. Gvoždík et al. (2013) suggested to distinguish 5 genetic species of Anguis: graeca, colchica, fragilis, cinerea, and cephallonica. A detailed morphological analysis of the entire genus is under preparation (Benkovsky ́ et al., in preparation).

Nomenclature: GVOŽDÍK et al. 2010 suggest to retain the name A. colchica (Nordmann, 1840) valid as nomen protectum. Consequently, they propose to treat A. incerta Krynicki, 1837 as nomen oblitum. Anguis is female as based on LINNAEUS’ original use.

Distribution: see map in Gvoždík et al. (2013) and Jablonski et al. 2016: 3 (Fig. 1). Apparently there is not fragilis in Romania, only colchica (Vörös et al. 2012). 
References
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