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Anguis fragilis LINNAEUS, 1758

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anguinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Slow Worm
G: Blindschleiche
NL: hazelworm 
SynonymAnguis fragilis LINNAEUS 1758: 229
Anguis orvet LACÉPÈDE 1789 in MERTENS & WERMUTH 1960: 86
Anguis gamma ROUBIEU 1825 (fide BRYGOO 1987)
Anguis fragilis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 792
Anguis fragilis — BOULENGER 1885: 297
Anguis fragilis — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Anguis fragilis — GVOŽDÍK et al. 2010
Anguis fragilis — GVOŽDIK et al. 2013 
DistributionFinland, Norway, Sweden, England (incl. Channel islands Guernsey, Herm, Jethou, Jersey), Denmark, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Belgium, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Corfu = Corfou), Croatia (incl. Krk etc.), Slovenia, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Monte Negro, Macedonia, Serbia, Poland, Turkey (from Trabzon, Hopa) [Clark & Clark 1973]
Soviet Union: Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Caucasus, central and S Europe, Asia Minor
Africa: Algeria, Tunisia

Type locality: Sweden [restricted by Mertens and L Müller, 1928]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: ZMUU (= UUZM) 156 
CommentSubspecies: Anguis fragilis peloponnesiacus STEPANEK 1937 has been synonymized with A. cephallonica.

Morphology: Limbless.

Anguis is female as based on LINNAEUS’ original use.

Type species: Anguis fragilis is the type species of the genus Anguis LINNAEUS 1758.

Taxonomy: Gvoždík et al. (2013) suggested to distinguish 5 genetic species of Anguis: graeca, colchica, fragilis, cinerea, and cephallonica. The 5 species cannot be diagnosed morphologically although they clearly form genetic clades. A detailed morphological analysis of the entire genus is under preparation (Benkovsky ́ et al., in preparation, cited in Gvoždík et al. 2013).

Distribution: see map in Gvoždík et al. (2013). If colchicus is recognized as valid species fragilis will have to be removed from several countries. For instance, colchicus occurs in Iran, but fragilis does not. Similarly, there is not fragilis in Romania, only colchica (Vörös et al. 2012). 
References
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