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Anilios ligatus (PETERS, 1879)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Robust Blind Snake 
SynonymTyphlops ligatus PETERS 1879
Typhlops curtus OGILBY 1892
Typhlops ligatus — BOULENGER 1893: 34
Typhlops ligatus — WAITE 1918: 9
Ramphotyphlops ligatus — ROBB 1966: 676
Typhlina ligata — MCDOWELL 1974: 45
Ramphotyphlops ligatus — STORR 1981: 258
Ramphotyphlops ligatus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 68
Ramphotyphlops ligatus — COGGER 2000: 593
Austrotyphlops ligatus — WALLACH 2006
Ramphotyphlops ligatus — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 414
Ramphotyphlops ligatus — MARIN et al. 2013
Anilios ligatus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Ramphotyphlops ligatus — COGGER 2014: 805
Anilios ligatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 39
Anilios ligatus — TIATRAGUL et la. 2023 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia)

Type locality: “Port Mackay (N.O. Australien)” [Queensland]  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 6231 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A moderately stout blind-snake with 24 midbody scale rows and nasal
cleft proceeding from first labial well on to top of head. Further distinguish- able from R. unguirostris by snout rounded in profile and much narrower rostral (from Storr 1981). 
CommentType species: Typhlops ligatus PETERS 1879 is the type species of the subgenus Suewitttyphlops Hoser 2013: 43 (subgenus of Libertadictus Wells & Wellington 1984). 
EtymologyPresumably named after the Latin ligatus (bound, as in a bandage), possibly referring to the long slender rostral scale. (G. Shea, pers. comm., 9 Feb 2024) 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • de Vis, Charles Walter de 1905. A new genus of lizard. On Typhlops torresianus. Ann. Queensland Museum (Brisbane) 6: 48 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Marin, J., Donnellan, S.C., Hedges, S.B., Puillandre, N., Aplin, K., Doughty, P., Hutchinson, M.N., Couloux, A. & Vidal, N. 2013. Hidden species diversity of Australian burrowing snakes (Ramphotyphlops). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, doi: 10.1111/bij.12132 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • McDowell, S. B. 1974. A catalogue of the snakes of New Guinea and the Solomons, with special reference to those in the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Part l. Scolecophidia. Journal of Herpetology 8 (1): 1-57 - get paper here
  • Ogilby, J. D. 1892. On some undescribed reptiles and fishes from Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 2: 23-26 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1879. Über neue Amphibien des Kgl. Zoologischen Museums (Euprepes, Acontias, Typhlops, Zamenis, Spilotes, Oedipus). Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1879(August): 773-779 [1880] - get paper here
  • Robb,J. 1966. The generic status of Australasian typhlopids (Reptilia: Squamata). Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (13) 9: 675-679 - get paper here
  • Shea, G M 1998. New data on typhlopid type specimens from Queensland in the collection of the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 42 (2): 532 - get paper here
  • Shea, G.M. 1999. Waite’s blind snakes (Squamata: Scolecophidia: Typhlopidae): identification of sources and correction of errors. Rec. Austral. Mus. 51 (1): 447-450 - get paper here
  • Storr G M 1981. The genus Ramphotyphlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) in Western Australia. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 9 (3): 235-271 - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Tiatragul, S., Skeels, A., & Keogh, J. S. 2023. Paleoenvironmental models for Australia and the impact of aridification on blindsnake diversification. Journal of Biogeography, 50, 1899–1913 - get paper here
  • Waite, E. R. 1918. Review of the Australian blind snakes. Rec. South Austral. Mus. 1: 1-34 - get paper here
  • Wallach, V. 2006. The nomenclatural status of Australian Ramphotyphlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 42 (1): 8-24 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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