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Anilios longissimus (APLIN, 1998)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common Names 
SynonymRhamphotyphlops longissimus APLIN 1998
Ramphotyphlops longissimus — COGGER 2000: 768
Austrotyphlops longissimus — WALLACH 2006
Ramphotyphlops longissimus — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 414
Ramphotyphlops longissimus — MARIN et al. 2013
Anilios longissimus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Ramphotyphlops longissimus — COGGER 2014: 805 
DistributionNW Australia (Barrow Island)

Type locality: Bandicoot Bay, Barrow Island, Western Australia, 20°54' S, 115°22' E.  
TypesHolotype: WAM R120049, Western Australian Museum, an adult female collected on 22 May 1995 by Mr Lloyd Whitsed. Heart and liver frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored in -80°C ultrafreeze at the Western Australian Museum. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: An exceptionally elongate and slender Ramphotyphlops with 16 midbody scale rows, extremely high number of vertebral scales (approx. 750), strongly depressed, rectangular-shaped head with inflated and rounded rostrum, nasal cleft intersecting the second labial scale and terminating just forward of the nostril, and head and body almost completely without pigment [from APLIN 1998].
CommentType species: Ramphotyphlops longissimus Aplin 1998 is the type species of the subgenus Jackyhosertyphlops Hoser 2013: 46 (subgenus of Libertadictus Wells & Wellington 1984), both synonyms of Anilios (fide SHEA 2015). 
EtymologyLongissimus (Latin): extremely long. 
  • Aplin, K. P. 1998. Three new blindsnakes (Squamata: Typhlopidae) from northwestern Australia. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 19 (1): 1-12 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Marin, J., Donnellan, S.C., Hedges, S.B., Puillandre, N., Aplin, K., Doughty, P., Hutchinson, M.N., Couloux, A. & Vidal, N. 2013. Hidden species diversity of Australian burrowing snakes (Ramphotyphlops). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, doi: 10.1111/bij.12132 - get paper here
  • Wallach, V. 2006. The nomenclatural status of Australian Ramphotyphlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc 42 (1): 8-24 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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