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Anilius scytale (LINNAEUS, 1758)

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Higher TaxaAniliidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesAnilius scytale phelpsorum ROZE 1958
Anilius scytale scytale (LINNAEUS 1758) 
Common NamesE: Coral Cylinder Snakes
G: Korallen-Rollschlange
phelpsorum: Coral False Amazon 
SynonymAnguis Scytale LINNAEUS 1758: 228
Anguis Scytale — SHAW & NODDER 1789
Anilius scytale - OKEN 1816
Tortrix scytale — DE FILIPPI 1840
Tortrix scytale — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 585
Tortrix scytale — JAN 1862: 249
Ilysia scytale — BOULENGER 1893: 133
Inilius scytale — BEEBE 1946: 11
Anilius scytale — DUELLMAN 1978: 224
Anilius scytale — STARACE 1998: 84
Anilius scytale — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 157
Anilius scytale — WALLACH et al. 2014: 42

Anilius scytale scytale (LINNAEUS 1758)
Anguis annulata LAURENTI 1768: 69
Anguis fasciata LAURENTI 1768: 70
Anguis caerulea LAURENTI 1768: 71
Anguis corallina LAURENTI 1768: 71
Anguis atra LAURENTI 1768: 71
Anilius scytale scytale — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 19
Anilius scytale scytale — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Anilius scytale scytale — BOOS 2001

Anilius scytale phelpsorum ROZE 1958
Anilius scytale phelpsorum ROZE 1958: 258
Anilius scytale phelpsorum — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Anilius phelpsorum — NATERA-MUMAW et al. 2015 
DistributionAmazonian Brazil (Ceará, Goiás, Mato Grosso [HR 32: 277], Pará), Venezuela (Mérida [HR 33: 66]), Trinidad, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru.
Elevation 30-700 m (in Venezuela)

Type locality: “Indiis”

phelpsorum: Venezuela (Bolivar); Type locality: “La base del Auyantepui, Estado Bolívar, Venezuela”. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: AMNH 61047
Syntypes: RMS 
CommentSynonymy: after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.

Type species: Anguis Scytale LINNAEUS 1758 is the type species of the genus Anilius OKEN 1816.

Distribution: Anilius scytale is not in Venezuela fide NATERA-MUMAW et al. 2015 (but A. phelpsorum is). 
References
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