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Anisolepis longicauda (BOULENGER, 1891)

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Higher TaxaLeiosauridae (Enyaliinae), Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymAptycholaemus longicauda BOULENGER 1891
Anisolepis argentinus KOSLOWSKY 1895: 419
Anisolepis undulatus GÜNTHER 1897
Aptycholaemus longicauda — PETERS et al. 1970: 72
Anisolepis longicauda — ETHERIDGE & WILLIAMS 1991
Anisolepis longicaudus — TULLI et al. 2009
Anisolepis longicauda — CACCIALI et al. 2016 
DistributionArgentina (from Buenos Aires to Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco), Paraguay (HR 27: 32), Brazil (São Paulo, Costa & Bérnils 2018)

Type locality: Riacho del Oro, Argentina
Type locality: Buenos Aires, Argentina [argentinus]  
TypesSyntypes: ZMUC 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A. longicauda differs from A. undulatus and A. grilli in lacking an antehumeral-transverse gular fold, in having in external ear opening conspicuously smaller, rather than larger, than the interparietal scale and a longer tail (mean tail/ total length 0.77 in males, 0.74 in females). It further flitters from A. undulatus in having less distinctively heterogeneous m illation: enlarged dorsal body scales grading into rather than abruptly distinct from lateral bod) scales, nape without enlarged. projecting scales, no dorsolateral row of large, keeled scales, and a larger maximum size (snout-vent length in males 79 mm, females 98 mm, versus males 70 mm, females 83 mm). It further differs from A. grilli in having multicarinate rather than smooth supradigital scales [from ETHERIDGE & WILLIAMS 1991]. 
CommentDistribution: for a map see ETHERIDGE & WILLIAMS 1991: 338.

Synonymy: from ETHERIDGE & WILLIAMS 1991 
EtymologySo named because of the long tail. 
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1891. Description of a new genus of Iguanoid lizards. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 8 (43): 85-86 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist. SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Costa, Henrique Caldeira; Renato Silveira Bérnils 2018. Répteis do Brasil e suas Unidades Federativas: Lista de espécies. Herpetologia Brasileira 7 (1): 11-57
  • Etheridge, R; Williams E E 1991. A review of the South American lizard genera Urostrophus and Anisolepis (Squamata: Iguania: Polychridae). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool Harvard 152(5) 1991: 317-361 - get paper here
  • Hernando, Alejandra. 1995. NOTA SOBRE EL CARIOTIPO DE Anisolepis longicauda (BOULENGER, 1891) (POLYCHROTIDAE) DE LA ISLA YACYRETÁ, PARAGUAY. Facena 11: 113-114. - get paper here
  • Koslowsky,J. 1895. Dos nuevas Lagartijas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Rev. Mus. La Plata 6: 417-420 - get paper here
  • Lions, Maria Luisa; Alvarez, Blanca Beatriz 1996. Geographic Distribution. Anisolepis longicauda. Herpetological Review 27 (1): 32 - get paper here
  • Tomás Waller. 2009. Anisolepis longicauda Boulenger, 1891 (Squamata, Leiosauridae). Primera cita para la provincia de Corrientes, Argentina. Cuadernos de Herpetología 23 (1):67 - get paper here
  • Tulli, M.J.; F.B. Cruz, A. Herrel, B. Vanhooydonck, V. Abdala 2009. The interplay between claw morphology and microhabitat use in neotropical iguanian lizards. Zoology 112 (5): 379-392 - get paper here
  • Zaracho, Víctor Hugo; Ingaramo, María del Rosario; Semhan, Romina Valeria; Etchepare, Eduardo; Acosta, José Luis; Falcione, Ana Camila; Álvarez, Blanca 2014. Herpetofauna de la Reserva Natural Provincial Isla Apipé Grande (Corrientes, Argentina). Cuad. herpetol. 28 (2): 153-160 - get paper here
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