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Anolis aeneus GRAY, 1840

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBronze Anole 
SynonymAnolis aeneus GRAY 1840: 114
Anolis gentilis GARMAN 1887: 34
Anolis roquet var. cinereus GARMAN 1887: 35
Anolis cepedii cinereus GARMAN (fide KLUGE 1984: 7)
Anolis roquet aeneus — UNDERWOOD in WILLIAMS et al. 1959
Anolis roquet cinereus — UNDERWOOD in WILLIAMS et al. 1959
Anolis cepedii gentilis — COCHRAN 1961: 86
Anolis roquet aeneus — DONOSO-BARROS 1968
Anolis aeneus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 206
Anolis aeneus — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Dactyloa aenea — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionLesser Antilles: Petit Martinique, Grenadines, Guiana, Grenada
Introduced to Trinidad (Lazell 1972).

Type locality: None given. Restricted to “Point Saline, Grenada” by Lazell 1972.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.28.7
Syntype: ANSP 23006, West Indies, Petit Martinique [gentilis]
Syntypes: UMMZ, MCZ [gentilis]
Syntypes: UMMZ, MCZ [cinereus] 
CommentReproduction: Anolis trinitatis hybridizes with the likewise introduced Anolis aeneus on Trinidad (Lazell 1972).

Synonymy after Lazell 1972.

Size: max snouth-vent-length (SVL) in mm (male/female): 77/55.

Species groups: Dactyloa roquet species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyEtymology: Named after its color: Latin “aenea/-us” = bronze, copper, or ore. 
References
  • Creer, Douglas A., Kevin de Queiroz, Todd R. Jackman, Jonathan B. Losos and Allan Larson 2001. Systematics of the Anolis roquet series of the southern Lesser Antillies. Journal of Herpetology 35 (3): 428-441 - get paper here
  • Daudin, Jacques; de Silva, Mark. 2007. An annotated checklist of the amphibians and terrestrial reptiles of the Grenadines with notes on their local natural history and conservation. Applied Herpetology 4 (2):163-175
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1968. The lizards of Venezuela (checklist and key) Carib. J. Sci. 8 (3-4): 105-122
  • Gorman, G.C. 1969. The zoogeography of Lesser Antillean Anolis lizards; an analysis based upon chromosomes and lactic dehydrogenases Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138 (3): 53-80. - get paper here
  • Gorman, George C. & Atkins, Leonard 1968. The relationships of the Anolis of the roquet species group (Sauria: Iguanidae). III. Comparative study of display behavior. Breviora (284): 1-31 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1840. Catalogue of the species of reptiles collected in Cuba by W. S. MacLeay, esq.; with some notes on their habits extracted from his MS. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 5: 108-115. - get paper here
  • Kluge, Arnold G. 1984. Type-specimens of reptiles in the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (167): 1-85 - get paper here
  • Lazell,J.D. 1972. The anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae) of the lesser Antilles. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 143 (1): 1-115 - get paper here
  • Malhotra, A. & Thorpe, R.S. 1999. Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean. MacMillan, London & Oxford
  • McTaggart, Audrey L.; Daniel P. Quinn, John S. Parmerlee, Robert W. Henderson, and Robert Powell 2011. A Rapid Assessment of Reptilian Diversity on Union Island, St. Vincent and the Grenadines South American J. Herp. 6 (1): 59-65. - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Roughgarden, J. 1995. Anolis Lizards of the Caribbean: Ecology, Evolution, and Plate Tectonics. OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 200 pp.
  • Schmidt, J. 1980. Warum eigentlich immer Anolis carolinensis? Teil 2. Herpetofauna 2 (5): 22-25 - get paper here
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Simmons, P. M., B. T. Greene, K. E. Williamson, R. Powell and J. S. J. Parmerlee 2005. Ecological interactions within a lizard community on Grenada. Herpetologica 61 (2): 124-134 - get paper here
  • Van Beest, P. and Haberham, Z.L. 2003. Een gebruikaanwijzing voor één van de meest interssante groepen terrarumdieren: Anolissen Deel I. Lacerta 61 (2): 53-64 - get paper here
  • Williams, Ernest E.; Quesnel, Victor C.; Kenny, Julian S.; Underwood,G. 1959. The anoles of the Eastern Caribbean (Sauria, Iguanidae) Part. I. Preface; Part II. Two sibling species of anoles in Trinidad; Part. III. Revisionary notes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 121 (5): 185-226 + 1 plate - get paper here
 
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