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Anolis altae DUNN, 1930

IUCN Red List - Anolis altae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesHigh Anole 
SynonymAnolis altae DUNN 1930: 22
Anolis achilles TAYLOR 1956: 153
Anolis altae — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 47
Anolis achilles — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 47
Norops altae — GUYER & SAVAGE 1986
Norops altae — KÖHLER 2000: 59
Norops altae — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops altae — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionCosta Rica, elevation 1500-2230 m

Type locality: Finca Acosta, Volcán Barba, Costa Rica, 7000 ft. elevation [= in the Cantón de Santa Barbara, Provincia de Heredia, at 2,133 m elevation on the southwestern slope of Volcán Barba on main road from Alajuela to Varablanca via the Desengaño pass].

achilles: Costa Rica; Type locality: La Palma, Provincia San José, Costa Rica.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 29385
Holotype: KU 40634 [achilles] 
CommentAccording to KÖHLER 2009, no characteristics, except geographic location, are known to separate females of A. altae and A. monteverde, but male dewlap coloration and particularly hemipenis morphology readily separates these two otherwise cryptic species.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
  • Acosta-Chaves, Víctor J.; Gerardo Chaves, Juan G. Abarca, Adrián García-Rodríguez, Federico Bolaños 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Río Macho Biological Station, Provincia de Cartago, Costa Rica. Check List 11 (6): 1784 - get paper here
  • Dunn, E. R. 1930. Notes on Central American Anolis. Proc. New England Zool. Club 12: 15-24
  • Echelle,A.A.; Echelle,A.F. & FITCH,H.S. 1971. A new anole from Costa Rica. Herpetologica 27: 354-362 - get paper here
  • Guyer, C., & J. M. SAVAGE 1986. Cladistic relationships among anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae). Systematic Zoology 35: 509-531
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2003. Reptiles of Central America. Herpeton Verlag, 367 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 429] - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Kohler, G. 2011. A new species of anole related to Anolis altae from Volcán Tenorio, Costa Rica (Reptilia, Squamata, Polychrotidae). Zootaxa 3120: 29-42 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Ponce, M. & Köhler, G. 2008. Morphological variation in anoles related to Anolis kemptoni in Panama. Salamandra 44 (2): 65-83 - get paper here
  • Savage, J. M. & C. GUYER 1998. A new species of anole lizard, genus Norops (Squamata: Polychrotidae), from the Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica. Revista de Biologia Tropical 46 (3): 805-809. - get paper here
  • Savage, J. M., & VILLA, J. 1986. An Introduction to the Herpetofauna of Costa Rica. Soc. Stud. Amphib. Rept. Contrib. Herpetol. No. 3, viii + 207 pp.
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • SMITHE, F. B. 1981. Naturalist’s Color Guide. Part I. Color Guide. 182 color swatches. American Museum of Natural History, New York
  • Taylor, E. H. 1956. A review of the lizards of Costa Rica. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (part 1): 3-322 - get paper here
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