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Anolis cristatellus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1837

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesAnolis cristatellus cristatellus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837
Anolis cristatellus wileyae GRANT 1931 
Common NamesE: Puerto Rican Crested Anole, Common Puerto Rican anole, Crested anole
S: Lagartija Crestada 
SynonymAnolis cristatellus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 143
Ptychonotus (Istiocercus) cristatellus — FITZINGER 1843: 65
Xiphosurus cristatellus — O’SHAUGHNESSY 1875: 271
Anolis cristatellus — BOULENGER 1885: 26
Anolis cristatellus — STEJNEGER 1904: 638
Anolis lindeni RUTHVEN 1912: 163
Anolis cozumelae SMITH 1939
Anolis cozumelae — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 59
Ctenonotus cristatellus — GUYER & SAVAGE 1986
Ctenonotus cristatellus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 106
Ctenonotus cristatellus — LINER 1994
Anolis cristatellus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 93
Anolis cristatellus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 243
Ctenonotus cristatellus — KÖHLER 2000: 59
Anolis cristatellus — BRANDLEY & DE QUEIROZ 2004
Ctenonotus cristatellus — KÖHLER 2008
Ctenonotus cristatellus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Ctenonotus cristatellus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis cristatellus wileyae GRANT, 1931
Anolis cristatellus wileyae — CAREY 1972
Anolis cristatellus wileyi — KLUGE 1984: 8
Anolis cristatellus wileyae — BERTOLOTTO et al. 2004
Ctenonotus cristatellus wileyae — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Ctenonotus cristatellus wileyae — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionPuerto Rico (including many offshore islands), Isla Vieques, Isla Culebra, Isla Culebrita, Virgin Islands, Isla de Cabras, Punta Salinas Island, Cayo Ratones (near Jobos, Puerto Rico), Skipper Cay (south of Key Point, Peter Island, British Virgin Islands, e.g. Anegada); Dominica (THORPE, cited in POWELL & HENDERSON 2004)

Hispaniola: Dominican Republic (introduced),
USA (Florida, introduced)
Mexico (Yucatan), Costa Rica (introduced)
Trinidad (introduced)

cristatellus: Puerto Rico, including some off-shore islands; introduced in República Dominicana and southeast Florida. Type locality: see comment.

wileyae: islands east of Puerto Rico; US. and British Virgin Is., Puerto Rico, Isla Vieques, Isla Culebra.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 8306 (in catalogue as 2171)
Holotype: UMMZ 73648; MCZ 34792 (fide SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991); paratypes: UMMZ [wileyae] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 75 mm, in females to 73 mm); 5-7
rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-1; 1-4 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 5 postrostrals; 6-8 postmentals; suboculars not in contact with supralabials; dorsals small, nearly unifonn, juxtaposed; ventrals large, smooth; supradigital scales multicarinate; tail in males compressed, with high fin. Dorsum variable, but basically bronzy, greenish gray, head and body with several faint, irregular, longitudinal irregular spots on sides with background color more brownish; an irregular sacral spot pale brownish, edged with brownish black and a light line outside dark margin; tail with middorsal series of dusky spots at base of largest spines; venter greenish yellow; throat whitish; dewlap greenish centrally, reddish orange peripherally, or completely yellow-tan or very deep orange; iris dark brown (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 243). 
CommentDistribution: Introduced to Middle America from Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands. Anolis lindeni has been reported from Brazil (type locality Santarém). However, its holotype (MCZ 8306) was probably mislabelled and the species doesn’t occur in Brazil (Avila-Pires 1995). The type locality of the nominate form has been erroneously given as “Martinique”. Listed for Mexico with a question mark by KÖHLER 2000. Not in Yucatan state (Mexico) according to GONZÁLEZ-SÁNCHEZ et al. 2017. Not on Isla Mona (Rodriguez-Robles et al 2007).

Ecomorph class: trunk-ground.

Species group: Ctenonotus cristatellus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
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