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Anolis cuvieri MERREM, 1820

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPuerto Rican giant anole, Cuvier's Anole, Green Giant Anole

Spanish: Lagarto verde 
SynonymAnolis cuvieri MERREM 1820: 45
Xiphosurus cuvieri — FITZINGER 1826: 48
Dactyloa cuvieri — WAWGLER 1830: 148
Anolis velifer — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 164
Ctenonotus (Semiurus) cuvieri — FITZINGER 1843: 64
Xiphosurus velifer — GRAY 1845: 197
Anolis cuvieri — BOULENGER 1885: 23
Semiurus cuvieri — GUYER & SAVAGE 1987 (in error)
Anolis cuvieri — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 246
Anolis cuvieri — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Xiphosurus cuvieri — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionPuerto Rico

Type locality: see comment. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: Unlocated. 
CommentFor illustrations see Stejneger, 1904; Schmidt, 1928; Grant, 1931; Rivero, 1978.

Species group: Xiphosurus cuvieri species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Terra typica: Jamaica (in error). 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger,L. 1826. Neue Classification der Reptilien nach ihren natürlichen Verwandtschaften nebst einer Verwandschafts-Tafel und einem Verzeichnisse der Reptilien-Sammlung des K. K. Zoologischen Museums zu Wien. J. G. Heubner, Wien, 66 pp. - get paper here
  • Gorman, George C. 1977. Comments on the ontogenetic color change in Anolis cuvieri (Reptilia, Lacertilia, Iguanidae). Journal of Herpetology 11 (2): 221 - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1931. A new species and two new sub-species of the genus Anolis. Jour. Dept. Agric. Puerto Rico 15: 219-222.
  • Losos, J.B. 2007. Detective Work in the West Indies: Integrating Historical and Experimental Approaches to Study Island Lizard Evolution. BioScience 57 (7): 585-597
  • Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien I (Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum). J. C. Kriegeri, Marburg, 191 pp.
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rand, A. S.;Andrews, R. 1975. Adult color dimorphism and juvenile pattern in Anolis cuvieri. Journal of Herpetology 9 (2): 257-260 - get paper here
  • Rios-López, N. & Aide, T.M. 2007. Herpetofaunal dynomics during secondary succession. Herpetologica 63 (1): 35-50 - get paper here
  • Rivero, J.A. 1978. Los anfibios y reptiles de Puerto Rico. M. Pareja Montana, 16, Barcelona, Espafia: x + 152 + 148pp.
  • Savage,J.M. & Guyer,C. 1991. Nomenclatural notes on Anoles (Sauria: Polychridae): stability over priority. Journal of Herpetology 25 (3): 365-366 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1928. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands: Amphibians and land reptiles of Porto Rico, with a list of those reported from the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences 10 (1):160 pp.
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1904. The herpetology of Porto Rico. Rept. United States Natl. Mus. 1902: 549-724.
  • Tulli, M.J.; F.B. Cruz, A. Herrel, B. Vanhooydonck, V. Abdala 2009. The interplay between claw morphology and microhabitat use in neotropical iguanian lizards. Zoology 112 (5): 379-392 - get paper here
 
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