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Anolis extremus GARMAN, 1887

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBarbados anole 
SynonymAnolis roquet var. extremus GARMAN 1887: 35
Anolis roquet extremus — GRANT 1959
Anolis roquet extremus — SCHMIDT 1979
Anolis extremus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 262
Dactyloa extrema — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionLesser Antilles: Barbados, St. Lucia, Bermuda;

introduced to Venezuela (Caracas) and Trinidad

Type locality: Bridgetown, Barbados.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 6183 
CommentFor illustrations see Gorman, 1968; Lazell, 1972; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985.

Size: max snouth-vent-length (SVL) in mm (male/female): 83/60.

Species groups: Dactyloa roquet species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
References
  • Creer, Douglas A., Kevin de Queiroz, Todd R. Jackman, Jonathan B. Losos and Allan Larson 2001. Systematics of the Anolis roquet series of the southern Lesser Antillies. Journal of Herpetology 35 (3): 428-441 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles. Iguanidae. Bull. Essex Inst. 19: 25-50.
  • Giannasi, Nick;Thorpe, Roger Stephen;Malhotra, Anita 1997. Introductions of Anolis species to the Island of St. Lucia, West Indies: testing for hybrids using multivariate morphometrics Journal of Herpetology 31 (4): 586-589 - get paper here
  • Gorman, G.C. 1969. The zoogeography of Lesser Antillean Anolis lizards; an analysis based upon chromosomes and lactic dehydrogenases Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138 (3): 53-80. - get paper here
  • Gorman, George C. 1976. Observations on the distribution of Anolis extremus (Sauria: Iguanidae) on St. Lucia, West Indies - A "colonizing" species Herpetologica 32 (2): 184-188 - get paper here
  • Gorman, George C. & Atkins, Leonard 1968. The relationships of the Anolis of the roquet species group (Sauria: Iguanidae). III. Comparative study of display behavior. Breviora (284): 1-31 - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1959. Herpetology of Barbados, B.W.I. Herpetologica 15 (2): 97-101 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Lazell,J.D. 1972. The anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae) of the lesser Antilles. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 143 (1): 1-115 - get paper here
  • Losos, Jonathan B. 1996. Dynamics of range expansion by three introduced species of Anolis lizards on Bermuda Journal of Herpetology 30 (2): 204-210 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Roughgarden, J. 1995. Anolis Lizards of the Caribbean: Ecology, Evolution, and Plate Tectonics. OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 200 pp.
  • Schmidt, J. 1979. Warum eigentlich immer Anolis carolinensis? Herpetofauna 1 (3): 26-29 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thorpe, Roger S.; Yann Surget-Groba & Helena Johanss 2010. Genetic Tests for Ecological and Allopatric Speciation in Anoles on an Island Archipelago. PLoS Genet 6(4): e1000929. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1000929
  • Thorpe, Roger S.; Yann Surget-Groba and Helena Johansson 2008. The relative importance of ecology and geographic isolation for speciation in anoles. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 363: 3071–3081
  • Wingate, D.B. 1965. Terrestrial herpetofauna of Bermuda Herpetologica 21 (3): 202-218. - get paper here
 
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