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Anolis hispaniolae KÖHLER, ZIMMER, MCGRATH & HEDGES, 2019

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAudantia hispaniolae KÖHLER, ZIMMER, MCGRATH & HEDGES 2019 
DistributionDominican Republic

Type locality: El Limón, Peninsula Samaná (19.28929, -69.43118), 30 m, Province Samaná, Dominican Republic  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. SMF 97884, an adult male; collected 21 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler. Field tag number GK-4721.
Paratypes. MNHNSD 23.3602–03, SMF 97878–83, 97885, same collecting data as holotype. All paratypes are adult males except MNHNSD 23.3602, SMF 97878, 97881, 97885 that are adult females. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A species of the genus Audantia (our Species 1 “hispaniolae”) that differs from all congeners by the combination of having (1) smooth ventral scales; (2) male dewlap creme white with yellowish, greenish or orange suffusions, and with heterogeneously distributed, moderately spaced gorgetal scales, that are clutterd in groups, and reduced in size in central portion; (3) dark gular streaks in males present; (4) no patch of enlarged scales in nuchal region; (5) a double row of enlarged, keeled and non-mucronate vertebral scales; (6) usually two sublabial scales in contact with infralabials; (7) 214–244 scales around midbody in males; and (8) keeled scales on dorsal surfaces of upper forelimb and anterior surface of thigh.

Audantia hispaniolae differs from A. breslini, A. shrevei, and A. saxatilis by having smooth ventrals (vs. keeled, some individuals of A. breslini with smooth ventrals); by having one or two well-defined pale longitudinal lateral stripes, usually edged with orange or olive-green (vs. such stripes absent); by having heterogeneously distributed gorgetals with groups of cluttered scales (vs. homogeneously distributed gorgetals); and by having dark gular streaks on male dewlap (vs. usually absent). Audantia hispaniolae differs further from A. shrevei by lacking a patch of greatly enlarged scales in nuchal region (vs. such a patch present). Audantia hispaniolae differs from A. armouri by having dark gular streaks on the male dewlap (vs. usually absent); by having heterogeneously distributed gorgetals with groups of cluttered scales (vs. homogeneously distributed gorgetals); and by having 214–240 scales around midbody in males (vs. 118–172). Audantia hispaniolae differs from A. cybotes by having smooth ventrals (vs. keeled, smooth in some individuals); by having non-mucronate vertebral scales (vs. vertebral scales mucronate); by having heterogeneously distributed gorgetals with groups of cluttered scales (vs. homogeneously distributed gorgetals); by having moderately spaced gorgetals and scales reduced in size in central portion of dewlap (vs. all scales narrowly spaced and large on posterior half of dewlap); and males having a dirty white dewlap with yellowish, greenish or orange suffusions (vs. those suffusions absent). Audantia hispaniolae differs from A. doris by having dark gular streaks (vs. absent); by having yellowish, greenish or orange suffusions on male dewlap (vs. no suffusions, but with an orange blotch in center of dewlap); and by having 214–244 scales around midbody in males (vs. 166184). Audantia hispaniolae differs from A. marcanoi and A. strahmi by having a dirty white male dewlap (vs. rose-red at the edge, more orangish anteriorly and posteriorly, but purplish or even bluish toward the center in A. marcanoi, and orange with paler center in A. strahmi). Audantia hispaniolae differs further from A. marcanoi by having a double row of abruptly enlarged vertebral scales (vs. vertebral scales gradually enlarged, not forming a regular double row). Audantia hispaniolae differs from A. longitibialis by having dark gular streaks on male dewlap (vs. absent); and by having moderately spaced gorgetals and scales reduced in size in central portion of dewlap (vs. all scales widely spaced and small on posterior half of dewlap). Audantia hispaniolae differs from A. ravifaux by having keeled scales on dorsal surface of upper forelimb and anterior surface of thigh (vs. smooth); by having one or two well-defined pale longitudinal lateral stripes, usually edged with orange or olive-green (vs. such stripes absent); and by having moderately spaced gorgetals (vs. all scales widely spaced). For differences between A. hispaniolae and the species described below, see the respective accounts of the new species. 
CommentSimilar species: A. cybotes which this species was called before described as A. hispaniolae. See chresonymy in KÖHLER et al. 2019: 50. 
EtymologyThe species name (hispaniolae) is a feminine genitive singular noun, referring to the broad distribution of the species on the island of Hispaniola.
 
References
  • Köhler, Gunther; Caroline Zimmer, Kathleen McGrath, and S. Blair Hedges 2019. A REVISION OF THE GENUS AUDANTIA OF HISPANIOLA WITH DESCRIPTION OF FOUR NEW SPECIES (REPTILIA: SQUAMATA: DACTYLOIDAE). NOVITATES CARIBAEA 14: 1-104 - get paper here
 
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