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Anolis landestoyi MAHLER, LAMBERT, GENEVA, NG, HEDGES, LOSOS & GLOR, 2016

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis landestoyi MAHLER, LAMBERT, GENEVA, NG, HEDGES, LOSOS & GLOR 2016 
DistributionDominican Republic

Type locality: Reserva Biológica Loma Charco Azul, Independencia Province, Dominican Republic (elevation: 455–526 m  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-188774, male; paratypes: MCZ R-188775, MCZ R-188776, males) and three adult females (paratypes: MCZ R-188777, MCZ R-188778, MCZ R-188779/MNHNSD 23.2979) collected between March 22, 2010, and January 22, 2011), and two juveniles hatched from eggs laid in captivity (male paratype: MCZ R-188780; female paratype: MCZ R-188781). 
CommentDiagnosis. A large (snout-to-vent length [SVL]: 122–135 mm for males; 125–133 mm for females), lichenate anole with short limbs and tail, and large bluish dewlap with dark re- ticulations (figs. 1, 2, S2; figs. S1–S9 are available online). Possesses prominent dark stripe from above eye to corner of mouth and large nuchal ocellus anterior to shoulder (figs. 1, 2, S2, S3). Distinguishable from other large Hispaniolan Anolis by lichenate dorsal pattern, eye stripe, nuchal ocellus, dewlap color and pattern, short tail (!1.35# SVL), short limbs, subocular/supralabial contact, interparietal scale as large as ear or larger, and conspicuously flat, smooth dorsals (figs. 1, 2, S1, S2; tables S2, S3; tables S1–S12 are available online). Distinguishable from similar anoles in the Cuban chamaeleonides clade by dewlap color and pattern; absence of a large, rugose parietal casque in adults; presence of nuchal ocellus; presence of a single scale between nasal and rostral, flank scales in partial contact; weakly to strongly keeled ven- trals; and multicarinate supradigitals (table S3). Additional diagnostic information is provided in section S1(c) of the ap- pendix and table S3. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a patronym honoring Do- minican naturalist Miguel Landestoy, who discovered the species. 
References
  • Kwet, Axel 2017. Neue Arten. Neue Saumfinger von Hispaniola: grüne und flechtenfarbige Anolis Terraria-Elaphe (1): 52-53 - get paper here
  • Mahler, D. Luke; Shea M. Lambert, Anthony J. Geneva, Julienne Ng, S. Blair Hedges, Jonathan B. Losos, and Richard E. Glor 2016. Discovery of a Giant Chameleon-Like Lizard (Anolis) on Hispaniola and Its Significance to Understanding Replicated Adaptive Radiations The American Naturalist, DOI: 10.1086/687566 - get paper here
 
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