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Anolis nasofrontalis AMARAL, 1933

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesNose Anole 
SynonymAnolis nasofrontalis AMARAL 1933: 58
Anolis nasofrontalis — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 61
Dactyloa nasofrontalis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis nasofrontalis — PRATES et al. 2017
Dactyloa nasofrontalis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionBrazil (Espirito Santo)

Type locality: Espirito Santo, Brazil  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 440 (was: Museu Paulista 440) 
CommentSpecies groups: Dactyloa punctata species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Comparisons (traits of taxa compared to Anolis nasofrontalis in parentheses): A. nasofrontalis can be distinguished from A. fuscoauratus, A. ortonii, and A. punctatus by 95–104 scales around mid-body (A. fuscoauratus: 124–157; A. ortonii: 123–180; A. punctatus: 132–167), smooth dorsals (weakly keeled), and smooth snout scales between nostrils (keeled). Anolis nasofrontalis further differs from A. fuscoauratus and A. punctatus by a lichenous dorsal body coloration (A. fuscoauratus: brown or gray; A. punctatus: green, often with white spots), supraorbital semicircles in contact (separated by granular scales) and well-developed dewlap in females (vestigial). Anolis nasofrontalis can be distinguished from A. pseudotigrinus by about five to seven rows of gorgetal-sternal dewlap scales (12–14), 78–89 dorsals (87–98) and 66–73 ventrals (79–90) between axilla and groin, 95–104 scales around mid-body (106–118), and a small light orange dewlap in females (large white dewlap). Anolis nasofrontalis can be further distinguished from A. pseudotigrinus and A. punctatus by a blunt snout (pointed). (Prates et al. 2017).
  • Amaral, A. do 1933. Estudos sobre Lacertilios neotropicos. I. novos generos e especies de largartos do Brasil. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7 [1932]: 51-75 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Prates I, Melo-Sampaio PR, Drummond LO, Teixeira Jr M, Rodrigues MT, Carnaval AC. 2017. Biogeographic links between southern Atlantic Forest and western South America: rediscovery, redescription, and phylogenetic relationships of two rare montane anole lizards from Brazil. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, available online 11 May 2017 - get paper here
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