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Anolis onca (O’SHAUGHNESSY, 1875)

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesBulky Anole 
SynonymNorops onca O’SHAUGHNESSY 1875
Tropidodactylus onca — BOULENGER 1885: 97
Tropidodactylus onca — BURT 1942
Tropidodactylus onca — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 263
Tropidodactylus onca — COLLINS 1971
Anolis onca — WILLIAMS 1974
Anolis onca — SÄNCHEZ et al. 1995: 321
Norops onca — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops onca — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops onca — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionColombia (Peninsula de la Guajira)
N Venezuela, Margarita I, La Tortuga Island

Type locality: Venezuela, and Island of Dominica.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 
CommentOne of the few anole species that lacks the subdigital lamellae and adapted to a sandy terrestrial life.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
  • Bernal Carlo A. & Roze J A. 2005. Lizards of the genus Anolis (Reptilia: Polychrotidae) from Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia, with description of two new species. Novedades Colombianas Nueva Epoca 8(1): 9-26 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1942. Lizards from the Goajira Peninsula, Colombia. Copeia 1942 (4): 263 - get paper here
  • Clark, H.O., Jr. 2011. Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus) predation on a Pacific Gopher Snake (Pituophis catenifer catenifer). Sonoran Herpetologist 24 (11):117-118. - get paper here
  • Collins, James P. 1971. Ecological observations on a little known South American anole: Tropidodactylus onca. Breviora (370): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Condon, P. 2005. Parasites on a Tiger Rattlesnake (Crotalus tigris). Sonoran Herpetologist 18 (5):55. - get paper here
  • Costa Silva, Pedro da and Robert W. Henderson. 2013. Predation on a Purple Gallinule (Porphyrio martinica) by an Amazon Treeboa (Corallus hortulanus) on Ilha Grande, Piauí, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 6: 233-234. - get paper here
  • Enderson, E.F. 2000. Notes on a swimming Banded Sand Snake (Chilomeniscus cinctus). Sonoran Herpetologist 13 (10):115. - get paper here
  • Figueiredo-de-Andrade, Caio A. and Gabriel Munay Kindlovits. 2012. Predation on an egg clutch of Phyllomedusa rohdei Mertens, 1926 by the water snake Liophis miliaris (Linnaeus, 1758). Herpetology Notes 6: 259-260 - get paper here
  • Figueiredo-de-Andrade, Caio A., Ruby A. Montoya-Ospina, Júlio Cesar Voltolini and Carlos R. Ruiz-Miranda. 2011. Population biology and behaviour of the alien species Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758) on a restored wetland in Puerto Rico. Herpetology Notes 4: 445-451 - get paper here
  • Fitzsimons, James A. 2011. Predation on a Blotched Bluetongue Lizard (Tiliqua nigrolutea) by a Highlands Copperhead (Austrelaps ramsayi) in the Blue Mountains, Australia. Herpetology Notes 4: 259-260. - get paper here
  • Flowers, Robert D. and Malcolm L. McCallum. 2012. Probable fire ant predation on a broadhead skink, Plestiodon laticeps. Herpetology Notes 6: 1-3. - get paper here
  • Gunn, J. 2011. Long-nosed Leopard Lizard predation on a Coachwhip. Sonoran Herpetologist 24 (8):76. - get paper here
  • Herse, Mark R. and Julie M. Ray. 2014. A review and correction of data on a poorly known leaf litter snake, Trimetopon slevini (Dunn, 1940), from Panama, including additional data on defensive behaviours. Herpetology Notes 7: 359-361 - get paper here
  • Hoser, Raymond T. 1992. Notes on a captive Scrub python Morelia amethistina kinghorni. Litteratura Serpentium 12 (4): 78-84 - get paper here
  • Hummelinck, P. W. 1940. Studies on the fauna of Curacao, Aruba, Bonaire and the Venezuelan Islands: No. 2. A survey of the mammals, lizards and mollusks. ['Gymnophthalmus laevicaudus: 80]. Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands. 1:59—108
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Köhler, Gunther; Raúl Gómez Trejo Pérez, Marcos García Pareja, Claus Bo P. Petersen and Fausto R. Méndez de la Cruz. 2013. Notes on Anolis omiltemanus Davis, 1954 (Reptilia: Squamata: Dactyloidae). Herpetology Notes 6: 401-412. - get paper here
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp.
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Norval, Gerrut; Po-Kai Chiu, Hsien-Pin Chu and Jean-Jay Mao. 2011. An instance of predation on a brown anole (Anolis sagrei Duméril & Bibron, 1837) by a Malay night heron (Gorsachius melanolophus Swinhoe, 1865). Herpetology Notes 4: 5-7. - get paper here
  • Norval, Gerrut; Richard G. Robbins, Gennady Kolonin, Pei-Jung Shiao, Jean-Jay Mao. 2009. Unintentional transport of ticks into Taiwan on a king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah). Herpetology Notes 2: 203-206. - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1875. List and revision of the species of Anolidae in the British Museum collection, with descriptions of new species. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 15: 270-281 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Peterson, J. A.;Williams, Ernest E. 1981. A case history in retrograde evolution: the onca lineage in Anoline lizards. II. Subdigital fine structure. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 149 (4): 215-268 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Reissig, Jens 2018. Shark predation record on a Green Turtle, Chelonia mydas (LINNAEUS, 1758), in South African waters. Herpetozoa 31 (1/2): 113 - 116 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rorabaugh, J.C., T.J. Tibbitts, S.J. Sferra, and M.J. Sredl. 2016. Attempted predation on a Green Ratsnake (Senticolis triaspis) by Mexican Jays (Aphelocoma wollweberi). Sonoran Herpetologist 29 (4):56-57. - get paper here
  • Sánchez-C, H., O. V. Castaño-M, and G. Cárdenas-A. 1995. Diversidad de los Reptiles en Colombia. In: Rangel-C, J. O., editor. Colombia Diversidad Biótica I Bogotá. Colombia Editorial Guadalupe. pp.<br />227–325.
  • Silva, Anslem de; A. Sivaruban, Kanishka D.B. Ukuwela, Arne R. Rasmussen and Kate L. Sanders. 2011. First record of a sea snake (Lapemis curtus) feeding on a Gastropod. Herpetology Notes 4: 373-375 - get paper here
  • Velo-Antón, Guillermo and Adolfo Cordero-Rivera. 2011. Predation by invasive mammals on an insular viviparous population of Salamandra salamandra. Herpetology Notes 4: 299-301 - get paper here
  • Williams,E.E. 1974. A case history in retrograde evolution: The onca lineage in anoline lizards. I. Anolis annectens new species, intermediate between the genera Anolis and Tropidodactylus. Breviora (421): 1-21 - get paper here
  • Wu, Jin-Hsiang; Gerrut Norval, and Jean-Jay Mao. 2009. An instance of predation on a Stejneger’s grass lizard (Takydromus stejnegeri) by a house cat (Felis catus) in an urban setting in Yunlin County, Taiwan. Herpetology Notes 2: 247-248. - get paper here
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