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Anolis opalinus GOSSE, 1850

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Jamaican Opal-bellied Anole, Bluefields Anole 
SynonymAnolis opalinus GOSSE 1850: 345
Anolis grahami — O’SHAUGHNESSY 1875: 273 (part.)
Anolis flabellatus COPE 1894: 439
Anolis lineatopus — BARBOUR 1922: 668 (part.)
Anolis opalinus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 311
Norops opalinus — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops opalinus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops opalinus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 

Type locality: Bluefields, Westmoreland Parish, Jamaica.  
TypesHolotype: unknown
Syntypes: USNM 164931-164932 [Anolis flabellatus] 
CommentFor illustrations see Cope, 1895 (as A. flabellatus); Schwartz and Henderson, 1985. Anolis opalinus is listed as a synonym of A. grahami by BOULENGER 1885.

Species group: Norops valencienni species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Barbour, T. 1910. Notes on the herpetology of Jamaica. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 52: 273—301 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. 1922. An annotated list of the Amphibia and Reptilia of Jamaica. The Handbook of Jamaica for 1922: 666-669
  • Cope, E.D. 1895. The Batrachia and Reptilia of the University of Pennsylvania West Indian expedition of 1890 and 1891. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 46 [1894]: 429-442 - get paper here
  • Floyd, H.B. & T.A. Jenssen 1983. Food Habits of the Jamaican Lizard Anolis opalinus: Resource Partitioning and Seasonal Effects Examined Copeia 1983 (2): 319-331. - get paper here
  • Floyd, H.B. & T.A. Jenssen 1984. Prey Diversity Comparisons between Stomach and Hindgut of the Lizard Anolis opalinus Journal of Herpetology 18 (2): 204-205. - get paper here
  • GARNER, AUSTIN M.; MICHAEL C. WILSON, CAITLIN WRIGHT, ANTHONY P. RUSSELL, PETER H. NIEWIAROWSKI & ALI DHINOJWALA. 2022. Parameters of the adhesive setae and setal fields of the Jamaican radiation of anoles (Dactyloidae: Anolis): potential for ecomorphology at the microscopic scale. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 137(1): 85–99. - get paper here
  • Gosse, P. 1850. Description of a new genus and six new species of saurian reptiles. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 6: 344-348. - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1940. The herpetology of Jamaica Il. The reptiles. Bull. Inst. Jamaica., Sci. Ser. 1: 61-148.
  • Hilgenhof, R. J. 1998. Eine herpetologische Reise nach Nordost - Jamaika unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Gattung Anolis Daudin, 1802 - Teil I. Sauria 20 (2): 15-27 - get paper here
  • Jackman, Tod R.; Irschick, Duncan J.; de Queiroz, Kevin; Losos, Jonathan; Larson, Allan 2002. Molecular Phylogenetic Perspective on Evolution of Lizards of the Anolis grahami Series. J. Exp. Zool. (Mol. Dev. Evol. 294 (1):1-16 - get paper here
  • Jenssen, T.A. 1979. Display Modifiers of Anolis opalinus (Lacertilia: Iguanidae) Herpetologica 35 (1): 21-30. - get paper here
  • Jenssen, T.A. & R.M. Andrews 1984. Seasonal Growth Rates in the Jamaican Lizard, Anolis opalinus Journal of Herpetology 18 (3): 338-341. - get paper here
  • Jenssen, T.A. & S.C. Nunez 1994. Male and Female Reproductive Cycles of the Jamaican Lizard, Anolis opalinus Copeia 1994 (3): 767-780. - get paper here
  • MACEDONIA, J. M., CLARK, D. L., & FONLEY, M. R. 2021. Analysis of Bobbing Displays in the Grahami Series Anoles from Jamaica and Grand Cayman. Herpetological Monographs, 35, 000-000 - get paper here
  • Macedonia, Joseph M.; David L. Clark, and Alison L. Tamasi 2014. Does Selection Favor Dewlap Colors that Maximize Detectability? A Test with Five Species of Jamaican Anolis Lizards. Herpetologica Jun 2014, Vol. 70, No. 2: 157-170. - get paper here
  • Muñoz, Martha M.; Luke O. Frishkoff, Jenna Pruett, D. Luke Mahler 2023. Evolution of a Model System: New Insights from the Study of Anolis Lizards. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 2023 54:1 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Russell, A.P.and A.M. Bauer. 1991. Anolis opalinus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (515) - get paper here
  • Schoener, Thomas W.;Schoener, Amy 1971. Structural habitats of West Indian Anolis lizards I. Lowland Jamaica. Breviora (368): 1-53 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • Underwood, G. and E. E. Williams. 1959. The anoline lizards of Jamaica. Bull. Inst. Jamaica Sci. Ser. 9: 1-48. - get paper here
  • Williams, E. E.; Rand, A. S. 1977. Species recognition, dewlap function and faunal size. American Zoologist 17: 261-270 - get paper here
  • Wilson, B.S. & Vogel, P. 2000. A survey of the herpetofauna of the Hellshire Hills, Jamaica, including the rediscovery of the Blue-tailed Galliwasp (Celestus duquesneyi Grant). Carib. J. Sci. 36: 244-249
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
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