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Anolis porcatus GRAY, 1840

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesAnolis porcatus aracelyae PEREZ-BEATO 1996
Anolis porcatus porcatus GRAY 1840 
Common NamesCuban Green Anole 
SynonymAnolis porcatus GRAY 1840: 112
Anolis carolinensis porcatus — GRAY 1845: 201
Anolis principalis porcatus — COPE 1887: 437
Anolis porcatus — BARBOUR 1904: 57
Anolis carolinensis porcatus — SCHWARTZ & OGREN 1956
Anolis porcatus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 317
Anolis porcatus — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 207
Anolis porcatus — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis porcatus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012

Anolis porcatus aracelyae PEREZ-BEATO 1996
Anolis porcatus aracelyae — FLASCHENDRÄGER 2002
Anolis porcatus aracelyae — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (introduced to Florida),
Cuba, Isla de la Juventud, Hispaniola: Dominican Republic (Santo Domingo)

aracelyae: Cuba; Type locality: town of Santa Damiana, 3.5 km NE of San Juan y Martínez municipality, Pinar del Río Province

Type locality: Cuba.

Introduced to Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain (M. Lopez-Darias, Anole Annals July 20, 2016). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
Reproductionoviparous.<br /><br />Hybridization: Anolis porcatus appears to hybridize with A. carolinensis in Florida (T. Hagey, Anole Annals 2016). 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.12.7, BMNH 1946.8.12.66-.70; first-listed syntype from "Texas."
Holotype: MNHNCu 1445 [aracelyae] 
CommentFor illustrations see Ruibal and Williams, 1961; Vogel, 1965; Peters and Schubert, 1968.

Synonymy: Listed as synonym of A. carolinensis by BOULENGER 1885.

Species group: Anolis carolinensis species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Anzai, Wataru; Antonio Cádiz, and Hideki Endo 2015. Sexual Dimorphisms of Appendicular Musculoskeletal Morphology Related to Social Displayin Cuban Anolis Lizards. Zoological Science 32 (5): 438-446 - get paper here
  • Barbour, T. 1904. Batrachia and Reptilia from the Bahamas. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 46: 55—61 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Buth, Donald G.;Gorman, George C.;Lieb, Carl S. 1980. Genetic divergence between Anolis carolinensis and its Cuban progenitor, Anolis porcatus. Journal of Herpetology 14 (3): 279-284 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1887. List of the Batrachia and Reptilia of the Bahama Islands. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 10: 436-439 - get paper here
  • Flaschendräger, A. 2002. Beobachtungen an Anolis-Arten in der Cordillera de Guaniguanico, Provinz Pinar del Río, West-Kuba. Herpetofauna 24 (138): 5-18 - get paper here
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • Gray, J. E. 1840. Catalogue of the species of reptiles collected in Cuba by W. S. MacLeay, esq.; with some notes on their habits extracted from his MS. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 5: 108-115. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Hadley, C.E. 1929. Color changes intwo Cuban lizards. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 69: 107-114 - get paper here
  • Helmus, Matthew R.; Jocelyn E. Behm, Wendy A.M. Jesse, Jason J. Kolbe,Jacintha Ellers, and Jonathan B. Losos 2016. EXOTICS EXHIBIT MORE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY THAN NATIVES: A COMPARISON OF THE ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION OF EXOTIC AND NATIVE ANOLE LIZARDS. In: Invasion Genetics: The Baker and Stebbins Legacy, First Edition. Edited by Spencer C. H. Barrett, Robert I. Colautti, Katrina M. Dlugosch, and Loren H. Rieseberg; John Wiley & Sons, pp. 122-138 (publication year given as 2017 in the book) - get paper here
  • Heselhaus, Ralf & Schmidt, Matthias 1995. Caribbean Anoles. TFH Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 65 pp.
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Kolbe, J.J.; Richard E. GLOR, LOURDES RODRIGUEZ SCHETTINO,<br />ADA CHAMIZO LARA, ALLAN LARSON AND JONATHAN B. LOSOS 2007. Multiple Sources, Admixture, and Genetic Variation in Introduced Anolis Lizard Populations. Conservation Biology 21 (6): 1612–1625 - get paper here
  • Krüger, B. 2008. Herpetologisches zwischen Kolumbus’ Landungspunkt und der Karibik - Kubas mittlerer Osten. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (69): 44-49 - get paper here
  • Krysko, K.K.; Enge, K.M.; Donlan, E.M.; Golden, E.Z.; Burgess, J.P. & Larson, K.W. 2009. THE NON-MARINE HERPETOFAUNA OF KEY BISCAYNE, FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):132-142 - get paper here
  • Kunz, K. 2005. Photogenic herpetofauna. Notes on Cuban Synanthropic species. Reptilia (GB) (43): 47-53 - get paper here
  • Leptien, R. & Werning, H. 2009. Exoten-Tagebuch. [introduced reptiles in Florida]. Draco 10 (37): 44-54 - get paper here
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp.
  • Losos, Jonathan B., Manuel Leal, Richard E. Glor, Kevin de Queiroz, Paul E. Hertz, Lourdes Rodríguez Schettino, Ada Chamizo Lara, Todd R. Jackman & Allan Larson 2003. Niche lability in the evolution of a Caribbean lizard community. Nature 424: 542-545
  • Meshaka et al. 1997. The Cuban Reen Anole, Anolis porcatus: A new Anole established in Florida. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 101 - get paper here
  • Meshaka Jr., Walter E. 2011. A RUNAWAY TRAIN IN THE MAKING: THE EXOTIC AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES, TURTLES, AND CROCODILIANS OF FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (Monograph 1): 1-101 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Perez-Beato O. 1996. A new subspecies of Anolis porcatus (Sauria: Polychrotidae) from western Cuba. Revista de Biologia Tropical 44-45 (3-1): 295-299 [1996-1997] - get paper here
  • Perez-Beato, O. 1982. Algunos indicadores en el desarollo de Anolis porcatus (Sauria: Iguanidae). Ciencias Biologicas 7: 127-129
  • Pérez-Beato, O. 1996. A new subspecies of Anolis procatus (Sauria: Polychrotidae) from Western Cuba. Revista de Biologia Tropical 44 (4) / 45 (1): 295-299 - get paper here
  • Peters, G.,and Schubert, R. 1968. Theoretische und praktische Aspekte einer biologischen Expedition durch Kuba. Biol. Schule 8/9:337-46.
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Powell, R. 1992. Anolis porcatus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (541) - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert 1990. Range expansion by an introduced anole: Anolis porcatus in the Dominican Republic. Amphibia-Reptilia 11: 421-425 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96
  • Ruibal, R. 1964. An annotated checklist and key to the anoline lizards of Cuba. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (8): 475-520. - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. and Williams, E.E. 1961. Two sympatric Cuban anoles of the carolinensis group. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 125 (7): 183-208. - get paper here
  • Samelo, Ricardo R. and Walter Barrella. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Anolis porcatus (Cuban Green Anole). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 256
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Torres, Javier and Martín Acosta. 2014. Predation attempt by Anolis porcatus (Sauria, Dactyloidae) on Mus musculus (Rodentia, Muridae). Herpetology Notes 7: 525-526 - get paper here
  • Varona, Luis S.;Garrido, Orlando H. 1970. Vertebrados de los Cayos de San Felipe, Cuba, Inclyendo una nueva especie de Jutía. Poeyana (75): 1-26
  • Vogel, Z. 1965. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf Kuba. Aquar. und Terrar. 12 (7):235-39.
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