Anolis rubribarbaris (KÖHLER, MCCRANIE & WILSON, 1999)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Anolis rubribarbaris?
|Higher Taxa||Dactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Synonym||Norops rubribarbaris KÖHLER, MCCRANIE & WILSON 1999|
Norops rubribarbaris — KÖHLER 2000: 63
Norops rubribarbaris — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis rubribarbaris — TOWNSEND et al. 2008
Norops rubribarbaris — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops rubribarbaris — MCCRANIE & KÖHLER 2015: 161
Norops rubribarbaris — NICHOLSON et al. 2018
|Distribution||Honduras (Santa Bárbara)|
Type locality: Honduras, Departamento de Santa Bárbara,
N slope of Montaña de Santa Bárbara, 4 km S of San Luís de los Planes, elevation 1700 m.
|Types||Holotype: UF 90206|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. A medium-sized species (SVL of single adult specimen 47.5 mm) differing from all otherNorops by the following combinationof characters: body shape very slender; tail length/SVL ratio of 2.5; dorsal scales about same size as ventral scales; è ank scales heterogeneous;ventral scales strongly keeled; about eight rows of irregularly enlargedmedial dorsal scales; longest toe of adpressed hind limb reaching between ear opening and posterior margin of eye; one scale between supraorbital semicircles; é ve rows of loreal scales; suboculars and supralabials in contact; 25-26 lamellae under penultimate and antepenultimate phalanges of fourth toe; a pair of enlarged postanal scales in males; and a small red dewlap with tan gorgetal scales. Within the crassulus group, Norops rubribarbaris differs from N. laeviventris (includes|
N. intermedius) and N. nebulosus by its greatly enlarged medial dorsal scales (only slightly enlarged in N. laeviventris and N. nebulosus); greater relative tail length (TL/SVL ratio of 2.5 vs. 1.6-1.8); and the small, red male dewlap (very small and without particular coloration in N. laeviventris, very large and yellow in N. nebulosus). Norops rubribarbaris differs from N. amplisquamosus by having dorsal scales that grade grading into è ank scales (dorsal scales abruptly enlarged in amplisquamosus) and a red dewlap in males (bright orange in amplisquamosus). Norops rubribarbaris can be distinguished from N. heteropholidotus, N. sminthus, and N. wermuthi, by having strongly keeled ventral scales (faintly keeled in N. sminthus and N. wermuthi, smooth in N. heteropholidotus) and a very slender body shape (versus stout).
Within the cluster of crassulus-like anoles, Norops rubribarbaris can be distinguished from N. anisolepis, N. crassulus, and N. haguei by the following characters: slender versus stout body; tail length/SVL ratio of 2.5 versus < 2.4, usually < 2.2; 4 versus 5-9 scales between second canthals; 8 versus 10-23 (usually 12-15) rows of enlarged dorsal scales; about 29 versus 13-27 ventral scales in a head length. Norops rubribarbaris differs further from N. crassulus by lacking a pale lateral stripe which is usually present in N. crassulus. See table 1 for a comparison of selected morphometric and pholidosis characters between N. anisolepis, N. crassulus, N. haguei and N. rubribarbaris.
Diagnosis. Anolis rubribarbaris differs from all other Mesoamerican anoles, except those in the crassulus group, by having the following combination of characteristics: red dewlap, moderately to strongly enlarged medial dorsal scales, strongly keeled ventral scales, no more than one scale separating the supraorbital semicircles, four to five rows of loreals, suboculars and supralabials in contact, no axillary pocket, and heterogeneous flank squamation. Of the members of the crassulus group, A. rubribarbaris differs from A. amplisquamosus in having a red dewlap and enlarged middorsal scales grading into the dorsolateral scales (dewlap bright orange and middorsal scales abruptly larger than adjacent dorsolateral scales in A. amplisquamosus), from A. heteropholidotus, A. muralla, A. sminthus, and A. wermuthi in having strongly keeled ventral scales (ventral scales smooth or weakly keeled in A. heteropholidotus, A. sminthus, and A. wermuthi and smooth in A. muralla), and from A. anisolepis, A. crassulus, and A. haguei by having 8–11 rows of enlarged dorsal scales (usually 12–15 and as high as 23 in A. anisolepis, A. crassulus and A. haguei). This species can be distinguished from A. sp. (Townsend and Wilson, In press), and further differentiated from A. wermuthi, by having a hemipenis with an undivided asulcate processus (asulcate processus divided in A. sp. and A. wermuthi). [from TOWNSEND et a. 2008]
|Comment||Species group: Norops sagrei species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).|
|Etymology||Named after the Latin words ruber (red) and barba (the beard) and the Latin sufé x -aris (pertaining to). The name refers to the red colored dewlap of the adult males of this species.|