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Anolis sabanus GARMAN, 1887

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesSaban Anole 
SynonymAnolis sabanus GARMAN 1887: 39
Anolis bimaculatus sabanus — UNDERWOOD in WILLIAMS et al. 1959
Anolis sabanus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 332
Anolis sabanis — BAUMEISTER 2000
Anolis sabanus — STENSON et al. 2004
Ctenonotus sabanus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Ctenonotus sabanus — GIOVANNOTTI ET AL. 2016 
DistributionLesser Antilles: Saba

Type locality: Saba.  
TypesLectotype: MCZ 6161, selected by Lazell, 1972. 
CommentFor illustrations see Wijffels, 1971; Lazell, 1972; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985, Baumeiser 2000. Has been synonymized with A. alliaceus by Günther 1888.

Size: max snouth-vent-length (SVL) in mm (male/female): 69/50.

Species group: Ctenonotus bimaculatus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Karyotype: 2n=29, X1X2Y (males) or 2n = 30, X1X1X2X2 (females) (Giovannotti et al. 2016) 
  • Baumeister, W. 2000. Saba - ein Paradies in der Karibik. DATZ 53 (7): 20-23
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles. Iguanidae. Bull. Essex Inst. 19: 25-50.
  • Giovannotti, M.; & V. A. Trifonov, & A. Paoletti & I. G. Kichigin & P. C. M. O’Brien & F. Kasai & G. Giovagnoli & B. L. Ng & P. Ruggeri & P. Nisi Cerioni & A. Splendiani & J. C. Pereira, & E. Olmo & W. Rens & V. Caputo Barucchi, & M. A. Ferguson-Smit 2016. New insights into sex chromosome evolution in anole lizards (Reptilia, Dactyloidae) Chromosoma, <br />DOI 10.1007/s00412-016-0585-6 - get paper here
  • Gorman, G.C. 1969. The zoogeography of Lesser Antillean Anolis lizards; an analysis based upon chromosomes and lactic dehydrogenases. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138 (3): 53-80. - get paper here
  • Heselhaus, Ralf & Schmidt, Matthias 1995. Caribbean Anoles. TFH Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 65 pp.
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Lazell,J.D. 1972. The anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae) of the lesser Antilles. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 143 (1): 1-115 - get paper here
  • Malhotra, A. & Thorpe, R.S. 1999. Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean. MacMillan, London & Oxford
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Powell, M.A., R. Powell, and R.W. Henderson 2006. Anolis sabanus Garman 1887 Saba Anole, Lizard. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (815): 1-5
  • Roughgarden, J. 1995. Anolis Lizards of the Caribbean: Ecology, Evolution, and Plate Tectonics. OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 200 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Staats, Christine M.;Bartolotta, Tracy;Schall, Jos. J. 1998. Body size and perching behavior of Anolis sabanus, the solitary anole of Saba, Netherlands Antilles. Herpetological Natural History 5 (2): 157-163 [1997]
  • Stenson, Andrew G.; Roger S.Thorpe and Anita Malhotra 2004. Evolutionary differentiation of bimaculatus group anoles based on analyses of mtDNA and microsatellite data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 1 –10 - get paper here
  • Thorpe, R.S.; Jones, A.G.; Malhotra, A.; Surget-Groba, Y. 2008. Adaptive radiation in Lesser Antillean lizards: molecular phylogenetics and species recognition in the Lesser Antillean dwarf gecko complex, Sphaerodactylus fantasticus. Molecular Ecology 17(6):1489-1504
  • Wijffels, L.C.M. 1971. Enige notities over Anolis bimaculatus sabanus Garman, 1887 en zijn natuurlijk voorkomen. Lacerta 30 (1):7-9. - get paper here
  • Williams, Ernest E.; Quesnel, Victor C.; Kenny, Julian S.; Underwood,G. 1959. The anoles of the Eastern Caribbean (Sauria, Iguanidae) Part. I. Preface; Part II. Two sibling species of anoles in Trinidad; Part. III. Revisionary notes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 121 (5): 185-226 + 1 plate - get paper here
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