Anolis salvini BOULENGER, 1885
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Anolis salvini?
|Higher Taxa||Dactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Salvin's Anole (vociferans: Koanng Anole)|
|Synonym||Anolis salvini BOULENGER 1885: 75|
Anolis salvini — GÜNTHER 1885: 48
Anolis vociferans MYERS 1971: 10 (fide KÖHLER 2007)
Anolis pentaprion — WALTERS 1953 (not COPE)
Norops vociferans — VILLA et al. 1988
Norops vociferans — KÖHLER 2000: 64
Norops vociferans — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops vociferans — SAVAGE 2002: 478
Norops salvini — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops salvini — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
|Distribution||Panama, Costa Rica, Guatemala ?|
Type locality: Guatemala (in error fide KÖHLER 2007).
vociferans: Costa Rica, Panama (pacific side of the Cordillera de Talamanca from Cerro de la Muerte to Volcan de Chiriqui).Type locality: Panama,Chiriqui, 4 km W Cerro Punta, 1829 m elevation.
|Types||Holotype: BMNH 19184.108.40.206 (formerly 220.127.116.11)|
Holotype: Holotype: AMNH 69621 [vociferans]
|Diagnosis||DEFINITION AND DIAGNOSIS (vociferans): Medium-size (snout to vent length 57 mm. in largest specimen), short-legged anole of the beta group, having trans-verse processes on some autotomous caudal vertebrae. Brown or gray- brown above with variable, in some cases partly reticulate, dark pattern usually including interorbital bar, short postocular stripe, V-shaped marking between forelimbs, and butterfly-shaped mark on base of tail between hind limbs; red dewlap, bright blue sliver of color at corners of nmouth, and black throat lining. Trunk granulation variable: granules small and convex on sides, sometimes larger and flattened on middorsum, either without definite arrangement or weakly disposed in horizontal rows dorsally and in oblique rows laterally; some dorsal granules keeled; ventral granules ontogenetically changing from conical and juxtaposed to keeled and imbricate. Middorsal caudal scales carinate but not pro- jected in dorsal crest. Plates atop head relatively large, frontal ridges virtually absent, canthal ridges distinct, elongated supraciliary scale(s) present. Male with pair of moderately enlarged postanal scales.|
Anolis vociferans is most likely to be confused with the related A. pentaprion, but vociferans can be distinguished by the presence of a dark interorbital bar, enlarged postanal scales in males, keeling on scattered middorsal granules (and keeled ventrals in older specimens), and fewer supralabials to center of eye (vociferans, 6-8, usually 7 at least on one side; pentaprion, 7-10, usually 9 at least on one side). The species also differs from southern populations of pentaprion in that the middorsal caudal scales, although carinate, are not projected in a low, serrated crest. The absence of bony parietal projections, presence of enlarged postanal scales in males, different caudal scutellation, and a very different color pattern, among other characters, easily distinguishes Anolis vociferans from its smaller highland relative, A. fungosus (from MYERS 1971).
|Comment||Not listed by KÖHLER 2000.|
Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012). Other authors have stated that A. vociferans belongs to the pentaprion group which includes seven species: fungosus, ibague, ortonii, pentaprion, sulcifrons, utilensis, and vociferans.
|Etymology||Etymology (vociferans): Named after the Latin “vocifer” = “to cry aloud”, in allusion to the squeaking noises made by specimens when they are first captured.|