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Anolis trinitatis REINHARDT & LÜTKEN, 1862

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSaint Vincent's bush anole, Trinidad Anole 
SynonymAnolis trinitatis REINHARDT & LÜTKEN 1862: 269
Anolis vincenti GARMAN 1887: 46
Anolis trinitatis trinitatis — UNDERWOOD in WILLIAMS et al. 1959: 212
Anolis trinitatis vincentii — UNDERWOOD in WILLIAMS et al. 1959: 213
Anolis trinitatis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 349
Anolis trinitatus [sic] — CREER et al. 2001
Anolis trinitatus [sic] — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Dactyloa trinitatis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012 
DistributionLesser Antilles: St. Vincent, St. Lucia, Chateaubelair I
Introduced to Trinidad (Lazell 1972)

Type locality: “Trinidad”. Revised to “Kingstown, St. Vincent” by Lazell 1972.  
ReproductionAnolis trinitatis hy 
TypesHolotype: ZMUC (UZM) R.37145.
Syntype: ANSP 23008; West Indies, St. Vincent, UMMZ, MCZ [Anolis vincenti] 
CommentSynonymy: BOULENGER (1885) listed Anolis trinitatis (and Anolis aeneus) as synonyms of Anolis alligator, which is now A. roquet.

Karyotype: Anolis trinitatis and Anolis aeneus have 36 and 34 chromosomes, respectively. Hybrids have 35 chromosomes (Gorman et al. 1968).

Distribution: probably in Venezuela (peninsula de Paria) fide DONOSO-BARROS 1968. 
References
  • Creer, Douglas A., Kevin de Queiroz, Todd R. Jackman, Jonathan B. Losos and Allan Larson 2001. Systematics of the Anolis roquet series of the southern Lesser Antillies. Journal of Herpetology 35 (3): 428-441 - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1968. The lizards of Venezuela (checklist and key). Carib. J. Sci. 8 (3-4): 105-122
  • Gorman, G.C. 1969. The zoogeography of Lesser Antillean Anolis lizards; an analysis based upon chromosomes and lactic dehydrogenases. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138 (3): 53-80. - get paper here
  • Gorman, George 2010. Rip Van Winkle attends the Anolis Symposium, wakes up, and shares some thoughts. Anolis Newsletter VI: 56-63
  • Gorman, George C. & Atkins, Leonard 1968. The relationships of the Anolis of the roquet species group (Sauria: Iguanidae). III. Comparative study of display behavior. Breviora (284): 1-31 - get paper here
  • Gorman, George C.;Atkins, Leonard 1968. Natural hybridization between two sibling species of Anolis lizards: Chromosome cytology. Science 159 (March): 1358-1360
  • Gorman, George, Paul Licht, Herbert C. Desshauser, and Julius O. Boos 1971. Reproductive Failure Among the Hybridizing Anolis Lizards of Trinidad. Syst. Zool. 20: 1–18
  • Heselhaus, Ralf & Schmidt, Matthias 1995. Caribbean Anoles. TFH Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 65 pp.
  • Hite, Jessica L.; Gomez, Carlos A. Rodriguez; Larimer, Samantha C.; Diaz-Lameiro, Alondra M.; Powell, Robert. 2008. Anoles of St. Vincent (Squamata: Polychrotidae): population densities and structural habitat use. Caribbean Journal of Science 44(1):102-115
  • Lazell,J.D. 1972. The anoles (Sauria: Iguanidae) of the lesser Antilles. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 143 (1): 1-115 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Reinhardt, JOHANNES & CHRISTIAN FREDERIK LÜTKEN 1862. Bidrag tii det vestindiske Öriges og navnligen tii de dansk-vestindiske Oers Herpetologie. Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. For. Kjöbenhavn (10-18): 153-291 [1862] - get paper here
  • Schmidt, J. 1980. Warum eigentlich immer Anolis carolinensis? Teil 2. Herpetofauna 2 (5): 22-25 - get paper here
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thorpe, R. S., Barlow, A., Malhotra, A. and Surget-Groba, Y. 2015. Widespread parallel population adaptation to climate variation across a radiation: implications for adaptation to climate change. Molecular Ecology, 24: 1019–1030. doi: 10.1111/mec.13093
  • Williams, Ernest E.; Quesnel, Victor C.; Kenny, Julian S.; Underwood,G. 1959. The anoles of the Eastern Caribbean (Sauria, Iguanidae) Part. I. Preface; Part II. Two sibling species of anoles in Trinidad; Part. III. Revisionary notes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 121 (5): 185-226 + 1 plate - get paper here
 
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