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Anolis utilensis (KÖHLER, 1996)

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesUtila Anole 
SynonymNorops utilensis KÖHLER 1996
Norops utilensis — KÖHLER 2000: 64
Norops utilensis — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis utilensis — POWELL 2003: 38
Norops utilensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops utilensis — MCCRANIE & KÖHLER 2015: 196 
DistributionHonduras (Islas de la Bahia: Utila)

Type locality: Islas de la Bahia: Utila, Honduras.  
TypesHolotype: SMF 77051, Adult male; paratypes: SMF, UNAH 
CommentBelongs to the pentaprion group which includes seven species: fungosus, ibague, ortonii, pentaprion, sulcifrons, utilensis, and vociferans.

Synonymy: Poe considers the diagnostic characters suggested by Köhler as insufficient to distinguish between A. beckeri and utilensis (Poe 2016). For instance, “the purported diagnostic traits of A. utilensis have changed over time (compare the original diagnosis of A. utilensis ; G. Köhler. 1996. Senckenbergiana Biologica 76:19–28) to that of this volume and the authors note that some individuals they assign to A. zeus lack the single diagnostic trait of the species (p. 98) (Poe 2016).

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012)

Abundance: only known from (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Brown, T. W., D. Maryon, and G. Lonsdale. 2017. Habitat diversification and natural history observations in Norops utilensis (Squamata; Dactyloidae) on Isla de Utila, Honduras. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 974–979
  • Gutsche, A. 2005. The World's Most Endangered Anole?. Iguana 12(4): 240–243
  • Gutsche, A.; McCranie, J.R. & Nicholson, K.E. 2004. Field observations on a nesting site of Norops utilensis KÖHLER 1996 (Reptilia: Squamata) with comments about its conservation status. Salamandra 40 (3-4): 297-302 - get paper here
  • Köhler G. 1996. A new species of anole of the Norops pentaprion group from Isla de Utila, Honduras. (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae) [Norops utilensis]. Senckenbergiana biologica 75 (1/2): 23-31.
  • Köhler, G. 1996. Additions to the known herpetofauna of the Isla de Utila (Islas de la Bahia, Honduras) with description of a new species of the genus Norops (Reptilia: Iguanidae). Senckenbergiana biologica 76 (1/2): 19-28.
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2010. A revision of the Central American species related to Anolis pentaprion with the resurrection of A. beckeri and the description of a new species (Squamata: Polychrotidae). Zootaxa 2354: 1–18 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Kramer, J. 2010. Utilas Anolis. Iguana Rundschreiben 23 (1): 5-9
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2018. The Lizards, Crocodiles, and Turtles of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Special Publication Series (2): 1- 666 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. and Gunther Köhler 2015. The Anoles (Reptilia: Squamata: Dactyloidae: Anolis: Norops) of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard (Special Publication Series, No. 1): 1-280 [review in Q. J. Biol. 91: 227] - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2016. Book review: The Anoles of Honduras: Systematics, Dis­ tribution, and Conservation. Q. Rev. Biol. 91: 227 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2001. Neuerungen in der Systematik der mittelamerikanischen Saumfinger der Gattung Norops seit 1996. Iguana Rundschreiben 14 (2): 19-28
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
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