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Antaioserpens warro (DE VIS, 1884)

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesWarrego Burrowing Snake 
SynonymCacophis warro DE VIS 1884: 139
Pseudelaps warro - BOULENGER 1896
Rhinelaps warro - WORRELL 1960
Simoselaps warro - COGGER 1975
Furina warro - STORR 1981
Simoselaps warro - COGGER 1983: 236
Antaioserpens warro — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 44
Brachyurophis warro
Simoselaps warro — WELCH 1994: 109
Simoselaps warro — COGGER 2000: 688
Antaioserpens warro — SCANLON 2004
Antairoserpens warro — CLAYTON et al. 2006
Antairoserpens warro — WILSON & SWAN 2008
Antairoserpens warro — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 456
Antaioserpens warro — WALLACH et al. 2014: 43 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality: Warro Station, Port Curtis, Qld. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: QM J188
Holotype: presumed lost, from Stannary Hills, Qld. [Denisonia rostralis].
Holotype: NRM (NHRM) 2454, from Cairns, Qld. [Rhynchelaps fuscicollis]. 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983.

Venomous!

Type species: Cacophis warro DE VIS 1884: 139 is the type species of the genus Antaioserpens WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 44.

According to Scanlon et al. 2004 Antaioserpens is a sister genus to Simoselaps, hence A. warro may have stayed in Simoselaps. Antaioserpens is placed into the Hydrophiinae based on Couper et al. 2016 and Strickland et al. 2016.

Diagnosis. A. warro is distinguished from all other Australia elapid snakes by the following suite of characters: eyes small; snout weakly shovel shaped, rostral scale lacking an acute transverse cutting edge; nasal and preocular scale separated by prefrontal / supralabial contact; two primary temporal scales; 15 midbody rows; subcaudals divided; a black bar between the eyes and another broad black bar across the nape; dorsal body scales irregularly dark-edged producing a speckled pattern. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
References
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1898. Description of two new snakes from Queensland. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 2: 414 - get paper here
  • Clayton, M.; Wombey, J.C.; Mason, I.J.; Chesser, R.T. & Wells, A. 2006. CSIRO List of Australian Vertebrates. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, 162 pp.
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • De Vis, C. W. 1884. Descriptions of a new snake with a synopsis of the genus Hoplocephalus. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 1: 138-140 - get paper here
  • Scanlon, John D.; Lee, Michael S. Y. 2004. Phylogeny of Australasian venomous snakes (Colubroidea, Elapidae, Hydrophiinae) based on phenotypic and molecular evidence. Zoologica Scripta 33(4):335-366
  • Storr, G. M. 1979. Revisionary notes on the genus Vermicella (Serpentes: Elapidae). Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 8 (1): 75-79 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1981. The genus Furina (Serpentes: Elapidae) in Western Australia. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 9: 119-123 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Wilson,S. & Swan, G. 2008. A complete guide to the Reptiles of Australia, 2nd ed. Princeton University Press
 
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