You are here » home advanced search Apalone mutica

Apalone mutica (LE SUEUR, 1827)

IUCN Red List - Apalone mutica - Least Concern, LC

We have no photos, try to find some by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaTrionychidae (Trionychinae), Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesApalone mutica mutica (LE SUEUR, 1827)
Apalone mutica calvata (WEBB 1959) 
Common NamesE: Smooth Softshelled Turtle
G: Glatte Weichschildkröte
mutica: Midland Smooth Softshell
calvata: Gulf Coast Smooth Softshell 
SynonymTrionyx muticus LE SUEUR 1827: 263
Aspidonectes ferox — WAGLER 1830
Trionyx Muticus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 484
Amyda mutica — BURT 1935
Amyda mutica — CONANT 1938
Trionyx muticus — WEBB 1973
Trionyx muticus — STEBBINS 1985: 109
Trionyx muticus — ALDERTON 1988
Apalone mutica — CROTHER 2000
Apalone mutica — TTWG 2014

Apalone mutica mutica (LE SUEUR 1827)
Potamochelys microcephalus GRAY 1864
Trionyx muticus muticus — WEBB 1959
Trionyx muticus muticus — STEBBINS 1985: 109
Apalone mutica mutica — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Apalone mutica mutica — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 79
Apalone mutica mutica — CROTHER 2000
Apalone mutica mutica — TTWG 2014

Apalone mutica calvata (WEBB 1959)
Trionyx muticus calvatus WEBB 1959
Apalone mutica calvata — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Apalone mutica calvata — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 79
Apalone mutica calvata — CROTHER 2000
Apalone mutica calvata — TTWG 2014 
DistributionUSA (Ohio, Minnesota, S North Dakota, South Dakota, E/S Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, N/E Texas, Mississippi, Missouri, Iowa, Arkansas, Louisiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, West Virginia, Alabama, W Florida Panhandle, E New Mexico; Considered extirpated in W Pennsylvania)

calvata: Mississippi; Type locality: Pearl River, Roses Bluff, 14 mi E Jackson, Rankin County, Mississippi; W. F. Childers; August 25, 1952.

Type locality: "Newharmony, sur le Wabash" (=New Harmony, Wabash River), Posey County, Indiana, USA  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN 564, 4143, 7977, 8813 (formerly 787), and 8814 (formerly 788); MNHN 8813 designated lectotype by Webb (1962: 534, 536).

Holotype: UIMNH 31071; paratype: KU [calvata] 
CommentReproduction: oviparous. KUZMIN (2002) reported a hybrid between Apalone mutica and Pelodiscus sinensis. 
References
  • Alderton, D. 1988. Turtles and tortoises of the world. Facts on File, New York.
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Caldwell, J.P., & Collins, J.T. 1981. Turtles in Kansas. AMS Pub., Lawrence, KS 67 pp.
  • Conant, Roger 1938. The Reptiles of Ohio. American Midland Naturalist 20 (1): 1-200 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Dundee, H.A., & Rossman, D.A. 1989. The amphibians and reptiles of Louisiana. Louisiana St. Univ. Press, Baton Rouge 300 pp.
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Green, N.B., & Pauley, T.K. 1987. Amphibians and reptiles in West Virginia. Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, 241 pp.
  • Hennig, A.S. 2011. Apalone mutica mutica (LESUEUR, 1827). Elaphe 19 (1): 77-78
  • Jamniczky, H. A. and A. P. Russell 2007. Reappraisal of Patterns of Nonmarine Cryptodiran Turtle Carotid Circulation: Evidence From Osteological Correlates and Soft Tissues. JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 268:571–587
  • Kuzmin, S.L. 2002. The turtles of Russia and other Ex-soviet Republics. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 159 pp.
  • Le Sueur 1827. Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 15: 258, 263
  • McCafferty, Katherine A.;Mann, Adam M. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Apalone mutica. Herpetological Review 27 (1): 31 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2005. Chelonian Illustrations #19: American softshell turtles. Reptilia (GB) (38): 78-81 - get paper here
  • Meylan, P.A. 1987. The phylogenetic relationships of soft-shelled turtles (Family Trionychidae). Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 186 (1):1-101.
  • Mullins, M.A. Janzen, F.J. 2006. Phenotypic effects of thermal means and variances on Smooth Softshell Turtle (Apalone mutica) embryos and hatchlings. Herpetologica 62 (1): 27-36 - get paper here
  • Nagle, R.D. et al. 2003. Parental investment, embryo growth, and hatchling lipid reserves in softshell turtles (Apalone mutica) from Arkansas. Herpetologica 59 (2): 145-154 - get paper here
  • Plummer, Michael V. 2007. Nest emergence of Smooth Softshell (Apalone mutica) hatchlings. Herp. Cons. Biol. 2 (1): 61
  • Siebenrock, F. 1902. Zur Systematik der Schildkrötenfamilie Trionychidae Bell, nebst der Beschreibung einer neuen Cyclanorbis - Art. Sitzungsber. K. Akad. Wiss. Wien. Math-Naturwiss. Cl. 111: 807-846 - get paper here
  • Smith, J. R.;Brown, Chuck;Thornton, Okla W., Jr 1996. Geographic Distribution. Apalone mutica mutica. Herpetological Review 27 (1): 31 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Valenzuela, Nicole 2008. Evolution of the gene network underlying gonadogenesis in turtles with temperature-dependent and genotypic sex determination. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 48 (4): 476–485
  • Valverde, J. 2007. Weichschildkröten. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (68): 16-23 - get paper here
  • Wagler, Jean G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. 1.0. Cotta, München, Stuttgart, and Tübingen, 354 pp.
  • Webb R G 1990. Trionyx Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. Softshell turtles. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 487: 1-7 - get paper here
  • Webb, R.G. 1959. Description of a new softshell turtle from the southeastern United States. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist 11 (9): 517-525 - get paper here
  • Webb, R.G. 1962. North American Recent soft-shelled turtles (Family Trionychidae). University of Kansas Publications. Museum of Natural History. Lawrence. 13 (10): 429-611 - get paper here
  • Webb, Robert G. 1973. Trionyx muticus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (139): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Weisrock,D.W. & Janzen,F.J. 2000. Comparative molecular phylogeography of North American Softshell Turtles (Apalone): implication for regional and wide-scale historical evolutionary forces. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 14 (1): 152-164 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator