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Apalone spinifera (LE SUEUR, 1827)

IUCN Red List - Apalone spinifera - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaTrionychidae (Trionychinae), Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesApalone spinifera aspera (AGASSIZ 1857)
Apalone spinifera atra WEBB & LEGLER 1960
Apalone spinifera emoryi (AGASSIZ 1857)
Apalone spinifera guadalupensis (WEBB 1962)
Apalone spinifera pallida (WEBB 1962)
Apalone spinifera spinifera (LE SUEUR 1827) 
Common Namesaspera: Gulf Coast Spiny Softshell
ater: Spiny Softshell
emoryi: Texas Spiny Softshell
guadalupensis: Guadalupe Spiny Softshell
hartwegi: Western Spiny Softshell
pallida: Pallid Spiny Softshell
spinifera: Eastern Spiny Softshell
G: Dornrand-Weichschildkröte 
SynonymTrionyx ocellatus LE SUEUR 1827: 258
Gymnopus Spiniferus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 477
Aspidonectes spinifer — BAUR 1888: 736
Amyda spinifera — BURT 1935
Amyda spinifera — CONANT 1938
Trionyx spiniferus — STEBBINS 1985: 108
Apalone spinifera — CROTHER 2000: 75
Trionyx spiniferus — PURSER 2003
Apalone spinifera — CROTHER et al. 2012
Apalone spinifera — TTWG 2014

Apalone spinifera aspera (AGASSIZ 1857)
Aspidonectes asper AGASSIZ 1857: 405
Platypeltis agassizii BAUR 1888
Amyda spinifera aspera — STEJNEGER & BARBOUR 1939
Trionyx spiniferus asper — SCHWARTZ 1956
Apalone spinifera aspera— ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Apalone spinifera aspera — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 79
Apalone spinifera aspera — CROTHER 2000: 75
Apalone spinifera aspera — CROTHER et al. 2012
Apalone spinifera aspera — TTWG 2014

Apalone spinifera ater WEBB & LEGLER 1960
Trionyx ater WEBB & LEGLER 1960
Trionyx spiniferus ater— IVERSON 1986
Apalone spinifera ater — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Apalone ater — DAVID 1994
Apalone spinifera ater — LINER 1994
Apalone spinifera atra — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2005
Apalone ater — BONIN et al 2006
Apalone spinifera atra — TTWG 2014

Apalone spinifera emoryi (AGASSIZ 1857)
Aspidonectes emoryi AGASSIZ 1857
Aspidonectes emyda GRAY 1870 (ex errore)
Aspidonectes georgii GRAY 1870 (ex errore)
Aspidonectes californiana RIVERS 1889
Trionyx emoryi — BOULENGER 1889
Platypeltis emoryi — BAUR 1893
Platypeltis emoryi — SMITH 1939
Trionyx ferox emoryi — WEBB 1956
Trionyx spiniferus emoryi — SCHWARTZ 1956
Trionyx spinifer emoryi — BRADLEY & DEACON 1966
Trionyx spiniferus emoryi — STEBBINS 1985: 109
Apalone spinifera emoryi — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Apalone spinifera emoryi — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 82
Trionyx spiniferus emoryi — DIXON 2000
Apalone spinifera emoryi — CROTHER 2000: 75
Apalone spinifera emoryi — CROTHER et al. 2012
Apalone spinifera emoryi — TTWG 2014

Apalone spinifera guadalupensis (WEBB, 1962)
Trionyx spiniferus guadalupensis — DIXON 2000
Apalone spinifera guadalupensis — CROTHER 2000: 75
Apalone spinifera guadalupensis — CROTHER et al. 2012
Apalone spinifera guadalupensis — TTWG 2014

Apalone spinifera pallida (WEBB, 1962)
Trionyx spiniferus pallida — DIXON 2000
Apalone spinifera pallida — CROTHER 2000: 75
Apalone spinifera pallida — CROTHER et al. 2012
Apalone spinifera pallida — TTWG 2014

Apalone spinifera spinifera (LE SUEUR 1827)
Trionyx ocellatus LE SUEUR 1827
Trionyx annulifer WIED 1839
Tyrse argus GRAY 1844
Aspidonectes nuchalis AGASSIZ 1857
Gymnopus olivaceus WIED 1865
Amyda spinifera spinifera— STEJNEGER & BARBOUR 1939
Amyda spinifera hartwegi CONANT & GOIN 1948
Trionyx spiniferus hartwegi — SCHWARTZ 1956
Trionyx spinifer — SCHWARTZ 1956
Trionyx spiniferus hartwegi — STEBBINS 1985: 109
Apalone spinifera hartwegi — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Apalone spinifera spinifera— ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Apalone spinifera spinifera — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 79
Apalone spinifera hartwegi — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 79
Trionyx spiniferus hartwegi — DIXON 2000
Apalone spinifera hartwegi — CROTHER 2000: 75
Apalone spinifera spinifera — CROTHER 2000: 75
Apalone spinifera spinifera — CROTHER et al. 2012
Apalone spinifera spinifera — TTWG 2014 
DistributionUSA (NW Vermont, W New York, W Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Indiana, Kansas, Oklahoma, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, NW Florida, Wisconsin, Illinois, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Arizona, SE California, S Nevada, SW Utah, Montana, South Dakota, North Dakota, New Jersey),
Canada (S Ontario, Quebec),
Mexico (N Tamaulipas, Nuevo Leon, Coahuila, and E Chihuahua, Baja California, Morelos, Jalisco)

Type locality: "Newharmony, sur le Wabash" (= New Harmony, Wabash River), Posey County, Indiana, U.S.A.

aspera: USA (North Carolina)

ater: Mexico (Coahuila: basin of Cuatro Ciénegas). Type locality: 16 km sout of Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, Mexico.

emoryi: USA (W Texas), Mexico( Coahuila, Tamaulipas).

guadalupensis: Texas; Type locality: McMullen; 24.1 krn NE Tilden.

hartwegi: N Texas; Type locality: Kansas, Sedgwick, Wichita.

pallidus: Texas, Arkansas, Oklahoma Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN 1949, 6957, 8807, 8808, 8809, 8810, 8811, 8812; MNHN 8808 designated lectotype by Webb (1962:491).
Holotype: UMMZ [hartwegi]
Holotype: UMMZ [guadalupensis]
Holotype: KU [ater] 
CommentFor comments on the type of Trionyx ocellatus and of Tyrse argus see WEBB 2004.

Reproduction: oviparous. Apalone ferox and A. spinifera hybridize (LOVE 2009). 
References
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