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Apostolepis cearensis GOMES, 1915

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGomes' Burrowing Snake 
SynonymApostolepis cearensis GOMES 1915: 122
Apostolepis sanctae-ritae WERNER 1924: 43
Apostolepis amarali WERNER 1925: 62
Apostolepis flavotorquata — AMARAL 1930:109 (Part)
Apostolepis flavotorquata — AMARAL 1936:148
Apostolepis flavotorquata — PETERS and OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970:22 (Part)
Apostolepis flavotorquata — LEMA 1978:29 (Part)
Apostolepis flavotorquata — TIEDEMANN and HÄUPL 1980:50.
Apostolepis cearensis — FERRAREZZI 1993:234 (Part)
Apostolepis cearensis — FERRAREZZI, Gonc¸alves, and SILVA 1996:133 (Part).
Apostolepis sanctaeritae — DE LEMA & FERNANDES 1997
Apostolepis sanctaeritae — DE LEMA 2002
Apostolepis cearensis — DE LEMA 2002
Apostolepis freitasi DE LEMA 2004
Apostolepis cearensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 50 
DistributionNE Brazil (Ceara etc.)

Type locality: Ceará, Brazil

freitasi: central Bahia; Type locality: Tanque do Aragão, Bahia, Brazil

tertulianobeui: Minas Gerais

sanctaeritae: C Brazil (Goias); Type locality: Santa Rita, Brazil (probably Santa Rita do Araguaia, Goiás); restricted to Santa Rita, Ibipetuba, Bahia, Brasil at 11°S, 44,32°W, in the Cerrado ecoregion (Lema and Fernandes, 1997). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: IBSP 0882
Holotype: NMW 23452 [sanctaeritae] 
CommentSynonymy: after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970 and FERRAREZZI et al. (2005). Apostolepis sanctaeritae has been removed from synonymy with Apostolepis flavotorquata by DE LEMA & FERNANDES (1997) but re-synonymized by FERRAREZZI et al. (2005). Previously this species has been synonymized with A. cearensis by FERRAREZZI (1993).

Diagnosis: Rostral somewhat pointed and prominent; nasal well separated from preocular; temporals usually 0+1, the 5th supralabial in contact with parietal (occasionally 0+0: 5th+6th in contact); ventrals 215-237 in males, 227-248 in females; subcaudals 27-32 in males and 23-31 in females; terminal caudal shield pointed and uniformly black; head black postero-laterally, with a large light area on snout (red in life, reaching frontal) and small to indistinct light supralabial spot; a broad white nuchal color (covering 4-5 scale rows) followed by a similar extensive black cervical color; dorsum uniform colored, without stripes; ventral surface uniform white, except by the heavily dark pigmented infralabial-gular region. 
References
  • Ferrarezzi H. 1993. Nota sobre o genero Phalotris com revisao do grupo nasutus e descricao de tres novas especies (Serpentes, Colubridae, Xenodontinae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 55 (SUPPL. 1): 21-38. - get paper here
  • FERRAREZZI, HEBERT; FAUSTO ERRITTO BARBO & <br />CRISTINA ESPAÑA ALBUQUERQUE 2005. PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF A NEW SPECIES OF APOSTOLEPIS FROM BRAZILIAN CERRADO WITH NOTES ON THE ASSIMILIS GROUP (SERPENTES: COLUBRIDAE: XENODONTINAE: ELAPOMORPHINI). Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia 45(16): 215-229 - get paper here
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Gomes, J.F. 1915. Contribuição para o conhecimento dos ophidios do Brasil. 1. Descrição de quatro especies novas e um novo Gênero de opisthóglyphos. 2. Ophidios do Museu Rocha (Ceará). Ann. Paulistas Med. & Chirurg. 4 (6): 121-129
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Lema, T. de 2004. New species of Apostolepis Cope, 1861 from Caatinga belonging to assimilis group (Serpentes, Elapomorphinae). Comunicações do Museu de Ciências e Tecnologia da PUCRS. Série zoologia, 17(1): 3-7.
  • Lema, T. de & Renner, M.F. 2005. CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF Apostolepis cearensis Gomes, 1915 (SERPENTES: COLUBRIDAE: ELAPOMORPHINAE - WITH COMMENTS ON SIMILAR SPECIES FROM NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL. Comun. Mus. Cienc. Tecnol. PUCRS, Ser. Zool., Porto Alegre, 18 (2): 129-140
  • Lema, T. de & Renner, M.F. 2007. On the status of Apostolepis freitasi (Serpentes: Elapomorphinae) by examination of new specimens. Neotropical Biology and Conservation 2: 90-93
  • Lema, Th. de 2002. Preliminary Account of South American Elapomorphinae Snakes (Colubridae). Biociencias [preprint]
  • Lema, Th. de; Fernandes, Ronaldo 1997. O status de Apostolepis sanctaeritae Werner, 1924 e sua revalidacao (Serpentes: Colubridae: Elapomorphinae). Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 19 (1), 1997: 51-59
  • Lema, Thales de 2002. Redescription of Apostolepis sanctaeritae Werner 1924 (Serpentes, Colubridae), and a comparison with related species. Copeia 2002 (4): 1147-1151 - get paper here
  • Lema, Thales De & Márcia Ferret Renner 2005. Contribuição ao conhecimento taxonômico de Apostolepis flavotorquata (Serpentes, Elapomorphinae). Biociências 13 (2): 163-175
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1924. Neue oder wenig bekannte Schlangen aus dem Naturhistorischen Staatsmuseum in Wien. l. Teil. Sitzungsb. Ber. Akad. Wiss., Wien, Abt. l, 133: 29 - 56 - get paper here
  • Werner. F. 1925. Neue oder wenig bekannte Schlangen aus dem Naturhistorischen Staatsmuseum in Wien. II. Teil. Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss., Wien, Abt. l, 134: 45 - 66 - get paper here
  • Zamprogno, Claudio; das Gracas F Zamprogno, Maria; de Lema, Thales 1998. Contribuicao ao conhecimento de Apostolepis cearensis Gomes, 1915, serpente fossorial do Brasil (Colubridae: Elapomorphinae). Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 20 (2), 1998: 207-216
 
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