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Apostolepis dimidiata (JAN, 1862)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common Names 
SynonymElapomojus dimidiatus JAN 1862: 42
Elapomorphus dimidiatus JAN 1862
Elapomorphus erythronotus PETERS 1880: 222
Elapomoius [sic] dimidiatus - STRAUCH 1884
Elapomorphus erythronotus — STRAUCH 1884: 379
Elapomorphus dimidiatus — STRAUCH 1884: 587
Apostolepis erythronota - BOULENGER 1896 (part.)
Elapomoius [sic] dimidiatus — BOULENGER 1896: 238
Apostolepis nigriceps WERNER 1897
Elapomohoeus [sic] dimidiatus - BERG 1898
Elapomoius [sic] dimidiatus — KOSLOWSKY 1898
Apostolepis erythronata - PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970
Elapomojus dimidiatus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 103
Apostolepis ventrimaculata LEMA 1978 (fide LEMA 1993)
Apostolepis villaricae DE LEMA 1978 (fide LEMA 1993)
Apostolepis barrioi DE LEMA 1978 (fide LEMA 1993)
Apostolepis dimidiata - CEI 1993
Apostolepis dimidiata - BAUER 1995: 71
Apostolepis dimidiata — DE LEMA 2002
Phalotris dimidiatus — TIPTON 2005 (in error)
Apostolepis dimidiata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 51 
DistributionBrazil (Paraná [HR 27: 216]), Paraguay [villaricae, barrioi],
Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco, Formosa)

Type locality: Brazil Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesType: lost or no longer extant (fide PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 103)
Holotype: ZSM 197/0 (lost), adult [Apostolepis nigriceps] 
CommentSynonymy following that of CEI 1993. Apostolepis erythronotus lineatus COPE 1887: 56 has been removed from the synonymo of A. dimidiata. 
  • Braz, Henrique B., Claudia M. Heredias-Ribas and Rodrigo Del Rio Do Valle. 2015. Apostolepis dimidiata reproduction. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 443
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Cope, E.D. 1887. Synopsis of the Batrachia and Reptilia obtained by H. H. Smith in the Province of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 44-60 - get paper here
  • Giraudo, A. & G. J. Scrocchi 1998. A new species of Apostolepis (Serpentes: Colubridae) and comments on the genus in Argentina. Herpetologica 54 (4): 470-476 - get paper here
  • Harvey, Michael B. 1999. Revision of Bolivian Apostolepis (Squamata: Colubridae). Copeia 1999 (2): 388-409 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1862. Enumerazione sistematico delle specie d'ofidi del gruppo Calamaridae. Arch. Zool., Anat. Fisiol., 2: 1-76. - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 14. Livraison. [Elapomorphus d’Orbignyi, Coronella getulus var. Sayi]. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Koslowsky,J. 1898. Enumeración sistemática y distribución geográfica de los reptiles argentinos. Rev. Mus. La Plata 8: 161-200 - get paper here
  • Lema, T. de 2004. Nova espécie de Apostolepis COPE do estado de RONDÔNIA, Brasil (Serpentes, Elapomorphinae). Comunicações do Museu Ciência Tecnologia (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, 17 (2): 81-89
  • Lema, T. de & M. F. Renner 2004. New species of Apostolepis from Alto Tocantins, Brazil, with comments on the striped pattern species (Serpentes, Elapomorphinae). Biociências 12(2): 139-145
  • Lema, T. de & Renner, M.F. 2006. A new species of Apostolepis with striped pattern from Mato Grosso, Brasil (Serpentes, Elapomorphine). Ciência em movimento 8: 13-18
  • Lema, Th. de 1978. Novas especies de opistoglifontes do genero Apostolepis Cope 1861 do Paraguai (Ophidia: Colubridae: Colubrinae). Comunicações do Museu de Ciências DA PUCRGS (PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDADE CATOLICA DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL) (No. 18/19): 27-49
  • Lema, Th. de 1986. Apostolepis dimidiata (Jan, 1862), nova combinacao, e a validade de A. erythronota (Peters, 1880) e A. ventrimaculata Lema, 1978. (Serpentes: Colubridae: Elapomorphinae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 47-48 [1983-1984]: 71-80 - get paper here
  • Lema, Th. de 1993. Polimorfismo em Apostolepis dimidiata (Jan, 1862) com a invalidacao de Apostolepis villaricae Lema, 1978 e Apostolepis barrioi Lema, 1978 (Serpentes: Colubridae: Xenodontinae: Elapomorphini). Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 15 (1): 35-52
  • Lema, Th. de 2002. Preliminary Account of South American Elapomorphinae Snakes (Colubridae). Biociencias [preprint]
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1880. Eine Mittheilung über neue oder weniger bekannte Amphibien des Berliner Zoologischen Museums (Leposoma dispar, Monopeltis (Phractogonus jugularis, Typhlops depressus, Leptocalamus drilineatus, Xenodon punctatus, Elapomorphus erythronotus, Hylomantis Monatsber. Königl.-Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1880: 217-224 - get paper here
  • Strauch,A. 1884. Bemerkungen über die Schlangengattung Elapomorphus aus der Familie der Calamariden. 2nd. Ed. Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg 29: 541-590 - get paper here
  • Tipton, Bob L. 2005. Snakes of the Americas: Checklist and Lexicon. Krieger Publishing Company, Melbourne, Florida [review in Sauria 29 (1): 10]
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zaracho, Víctor Hugo; Ingaramo, María del Rosario; Semhan, Romina Valeria; Etchepare, Eduardo; Acosta, José Luis; Falcione, Ana Camila; Álvarez, Blanca 2014. Herpetofauna de la Reserva Natural Provincial Isla Apipé Grande (Corrientes, Argentina) Cuad. herpetol. 28 (2): 153-160 - get paper here
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