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Apostolepis lineata COPE, 1887

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Hognose lineate Blackhead
Portuguese: Falsa-Coral 
SynonymApostolepis erythronotus lineatus COPE 1887: 56
Apostolepis lineata — HARVEY 1999
Apostolepis lineata — DE LEMA 2002
Apostolepis lineata — DE LEMA 2004
Apostolepis lineata — DE LEMA & RENNER 2006
Apostolepis lineata — NOGUEIRA et al. 2012
Apostolepis lineata — COSTA & BÉRNILS 2015
Apostolepis lineata — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Mato Grosso)

Type locality: Brazil, Matto Grosso, Chapada  
TypesSyntype: ANSP 11211 
CommentSynonymy partly following that of CEI 1993.

HARVEY 1999 excluded Apostolepis lineata (Cope) from his key, “because it could not be characterized adequately. This species was originally represented by two syntypes; however, one of these (ANSP 11212) was discarded by E. R. Dunn who added a label "11212 rotten and discarded" to the jar containing the remaining syntype. The remaining specimen is in very bad condition; many of its scales are barely visible; all pigment on the head and most of the body is lost. Only on the tail is the original color pattern visible, albeit quite faded. The species could not be characterized beyond couplet 8 of the key, because I was unable to determine whether the snout was pointed or round in life. However, the terminal scale of A. lineata is entirely white. In the other five-lined species below couplet 8, the terminal scale is black with a white ventro-posterior blotch. The following additional observations on the syntype of A. lineata were made: subcaudals 24; 1/1 preoculars; preocular con- tacting nasal; 1/1 postoculars; temporals 0 + 0/
0 + 0; 6/6 supralabials, 5-6/5-6 contacting parietal; infralabials 1-4 contacting first chinshield, 4-5 contacting second (could be assessed on one side only); vertebral stripe narrow and restricted to dorsal 8; paravertebral stripe on dorsal 6; lateral stripe present at least on dorsals 2-4 (not known if stripe extends to dorsal 1); 5/4 subcaudals black.” 
  • Cope, E.D. 1887. Synopsis of the Batrachia and Reptilia obtained by H. H. Smith in the Province of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 44-60 - get paper here
  • Costa, Henrique Caldeira & Renato Silveira Bérnils 2015. Répteis brasileiros: lista de espécies 2015. Herpetologia Brasileira 4 (3): 75-93
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Harvey, Michael B. 1999. Revision of Bolivian Apostolepis (Squamata: Colubridae). Copeia 1999 (2): 388-409 - get paper here
  • Lema, T. de 2004. Nova espécie de Apostolepis COPE do estado de RONDÔNIA, Brasil (Serpentes, Elapomorphinae). Comunicações do Museu Ciência Tecnologia (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, 17 (2): 81-89
  • Lema, T. de & M. F. Renner 2004. New species of Apostolepis from Alto Tocantins, Brazil, with comments on the striped pattern species (Serpentes, Elapomorphinae). Biociências 12(2): 139-145
  • Lema, T. de & Renner, M.F. 2006. A new species of Apostolepis with striped pattern from Mato Grosso, Brasil (Serpentes, Elapomorphine). Ciência em movimento 8: 13-18
  • Lema, Thales de 2001. Fossorial snake genus Apostolepis from South America (Serpentes: Colubridae: Elapomorphinae). Cuadernos de herpetología 15 (1): 29-43.
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
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