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Apostolepis mariae BORGES-NOJOSA, LIMA, BEZERRA & JAMES, 2016

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymApostolepis mariae BORGES-NOJOSA, LIMA, BEZERRA & JAMES 2016 
DistributionBrazil (Ceará)

Type locality: Maciço de Baturité, Sítio Olho d‘água dos Tangarás, Pacoti Municipality, State of Ceará, Brazil (04°14‘13.7’’ S, 38°54'58,6" W; Datum WGS 84  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: UFC (also as CHUFC) 3131, adult female, November 23, 1997, col. D.M. Borges-Nojosa. Paratypes: Brazil: Ceará State: Serra de Maranguape: Maranguape Municipality (03o54'– 04°03' S/ 38°32'–38°40' W; Datum WGS 84): CHUFC 2085, Jun 11, 1997, cols. D.M. Borges-Nojosa, D.C. Lima and B.M. Barguil, Trilha do Pirapora, Castelinho locality; CHUFC 2102, Aug 30, 1997, col. D.C. Lima, Trilha da Rajada locality; CHUFC 2339, Jul 14, 1997, and CHUFC 2347, Jan 29, 1998, col. D.C. Lima, Linha da Serra locality; CHUFC 2208, Feb 19, 1998, CHUFC 2212-13, Aug 27, 1998, and CHUFC 2218, Apr 29, 1998, col. D.C. Lima; CHUFC 2563, Feb 29, 2004, col. J.C.L. Melo. Maciço de Baturité: Guaramiranga Municipality (04°15‘41,4’’S/ 38°55‘59,1’’W; Datum WGS 84): CHUFC 1950, Apr 11, 1986, col. J.J. da Silva, Sítio Água Boa; CHUFC 2067, Mar-Jul 1989, col. D.M.Borges-Nojosa; CHUFC 2345, Aug 15, 1999, and MCP 19503 (=CHUFC 2371), Jan 28, 2000, col. D.M. Borges-Nojosa, Linha da Serra locality. Mulungu Municipality (04°18‘13.6’’S/ 38°59‘40,8’’W; Datum WGS 84): CHUFC 3645, Apr 01, 2011, col. A.J.G. Araújo. Pacoti Municipality (04°13‘29,9’’S/ 38°55‘15,6’’W; Datum WGS 84): CHUFC 2344, Apr 11, 1998, col. D.M. Borges-Nojosa, Santana locality; CHUFC 2338, Dez 15-18, 1997, CHUFC 2346, Jan 11, 1998, and CHUFC 2463, Jan 03, 1999, CHUFC 3132, Nov 23, 1997, col. D.M. Borges-Nojosa, Sítio Olho d‘água dos Tangarás; CHUFC 2732, Dec 2005, and CHUFC 2841, Jun 27, 2006, col. W.C.M. Luz, Sítio Xangrilá; CHUFC 3504, Mar, 1997, col. P.A. Nojosa, Cidade de Pacoti. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Apostolepis mariae sp. nov. is closer to A. nigrolineata and A. pymi, differing from these (characters in parentheses), and of the other species of the genus, by the following characteristics: (1) snout rounded or slightly acuminate, but not prominent; (2) dorsal coloration of head dark brown (black color in A. nigrolineata); (3) Six supralabials (fourth and fifth in contact with the parietal) and 6-7 infralabials (first to fourth in contact with anterior chinshield); (4) one temporal (0 + 1) separating the sixth supralabial from the parietal (variable in A. pymi); (5) nasal scale in contact with preocular; (6) light lateral spot below the eye, usually occupying the third and fourth supralabials; (7) yellow nucal collar completely or partially split by a thin stripe, with depth of 2- 3 rows of dorsal scales (no collar in A. nigrolineata and collar disrupted in A. pymi); (8) posterior cervical collar with 1-2 scales (present in both); (9) reddish-brown body color on the back and sides (brown in A. pymi), with five longitudinal dorsal dark brown stripes (without in A. flavotorquatus), persistent in the juvenile and adult phases (may be unnoticed in the adult phase of both); (10) dorsal dark brown stripes (one vertebral and two pairs of paravertebrals) with similar wider (second paravertebral stripe wider than other stripes in A. pymi); (11) tip of the tail covered in the dorsal face by a terminal black band, and ventral face clean or with small dark spots (complete in A. pymi); (12) anal divided (anal entired in A. nigrolineata and divided in A. pymi); and (13) 200-255 ventral scales and 23-36 pairs of subcaudals. 
Comment 
EtymologyThe species is a tribute to Mrs. Maria Diva Borges, a good human example and mother of the first author (DMBN). It is also a tribute to all "Marias", a term intended for women who struggle for survival on a daily basis, but without losing their tenderness. 
References
  • Borges-Nojosa, Diva Maria; Daniel Cassiano Lima , Castiele Holanda Bezerra , David James Harris 2017. TWO NEW SPECIES OF Apostolepis Cope, 1862 (SERPENTES: ELAPOMORPHINI) FROM BREJOS DE ALTITUDE IN NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL Revista Nordestina de Zoologia, 10(2): 74-94 - get paper here
 
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