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Apostolepis nigrolineata (PETERS, 1869)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesPará Blackhead
quinquelineatus: Guyana Burrowing Snake 
SynonymElapomorphus nigrolineatus PETERS 1869: 439
Elapomorphus nigrolineatus — STRAUCH 1884: 585
Apostolepis quinquelineata BOULENGER 1896: 235
Apostolepis pymi BOULENGER 1903: 353
Apostolepis rondoni AMARAL 1925: 25
Apostolepis coronata AMARAL (part.) 1929
Apostolepis coronata — AMARAL (part.) 1929
Apostolepis quinquelineata — HOGE (part.) 1958
Apostolepis quinquelineata — PETERS et al. 1970: 23
Apostolepis flavotorquata — LEMA (part.) 1978
Apostolepis nigrolineata — DE LEMA 2002
Apostolepis quinquelineata — DE LEMA 2002
Apostolepis nigrolineata — FROTA et al. 2005
Apostolepis quinquelineata — DE LEMA & RENNER 2004
Apostolepis quinquelineata — CURCIO et al. 2011
Apostolepis quinquelineata — SILVA et al. 2011
Apostolepis rondoni — GRAZZIOTIN et al. 2012
Apostolepis nigrolineata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 52
Apostolepis nigrolineata — MARTINS & DE LEMA 2015
Apostolepis quinquelineata — COSTA & BÉRNILS 2015 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas, Maranhão, Ceará)

nigrolineata: Pará

Type locality: Brazil.

quinquelineata: Brasil (Amazonas, Pará, Rorâima and Rondônia, Ceara), Bolivia ?, French Guiana [Vidal et al. 1998]; Type locality: Demerara (Georgetown), Guyana.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.9.59 (and possibly additional specimens) 
CommentSynonymy: Apostolepis pymi has been removed from synonymy with A. coronata by DE LEMA & RENNER 1998. Elapomorphus nigrolineatus PETERS 1869 is listed as a synonym of Apostolepis flavotorquata by BAUER et al. 1995 although DE LEMA states that “Apostolepis pymi is [...] Apostolepis nigrolineata” (pers. comm.). See also DE LEMA 1997. LEMA & ALBUQUERQUE (2010) synonymized quinquelineatus with nigrolineatus. However, other authors such as CURCIO et al. 2011 or BERNARDE et al. 2012 still treat it as valid species.

Populations of Apostolepis nigrolineata have been described as new species, A. mariae and A. thalesdelemai BORGES-NOJOSA et al. 2016.

NCBI taxonID: 1260219 [rondoni] 
  • ALBUQUERQUE, NELSON RUFINO DE & THALES DE LEMA 2012. Description of the second known specimen of Apostolepis intermedia (Serpentes, Colubridae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 3325: 53–58 - get paper here
  • Amaral, A. do 1925. Ophidios de Mato Grosso (Contribuição II para o conhecimento dos ophidios do Brasil). Comm. Linhas Telegraph. Estrat. Matto Grosso ao Amazonas. Comm. Linh. Telegr. Mato Grosso [also listed as Hist. Natural. Zool.] Publ. 84 (Anexo 5): 1-30
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1903. Descriptions of new snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 12: 350-354 - get paper here
  • Claessen, H. 2003. De slangen can de Guyana’s. Deel iv. Lacerta 61 (1): 19-27 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Curcio, Felipe Franco; Pedro M. Sales Nunes, Michael B. Harvey, and Miguel T. Rodrigues 2011. Redescription of Apostolepis longicaudata (Serpentes: Xenodontinae) with Comments on Its Hemipenial Morphology and Natural History. Herpetologica 67 (3): 318-331. - get paper here
  • Fraga R de, Stow AJ, Magnusson WE, Lima AP 2014. The Costs of Evaluating Species Densities and Composition of Snakes to Assess Development Impacts in Amazonia. PLoS One 9 (8): e105453. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105453 - get paper here
  • Frota, J.G. da; Pedroso dos Santos-Jr, Alfredo; Menezes-Chalkidis, H. de & Guimarães Guedes, A. 2005. AS SERPENTES DA REGIÃO DO BAIXO RIO AMAZONAS, OESTE DO ESTADO DO PARÁ, BRASIL (SQUAMATA). Biociências 13 (2): 211-220
  • Grazziotin, Felipe G.; Hussam Zaher, Robert W. Murphy, Gustavo Scrocchi, Marco A. Benavides, Ya-Ping Zhang and Sandro L. Bonatto 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00393.x - get paper here
  • Lema, T. de & Albuquerque, N.R. de 2010. The identity of Apostolepis pymi and placement of A. quinquelineata in the synonymy of A. nigrolineata (Serpentes, Xenodontinae). Biota Neotropica 10 (1): 343-346.
  • Lema, T. de & M. F. Renner 2004. New species of Apostolepis from Alto Tocantins, Brazil, with comments on the striped pattern species (Serpentes, Elapomorphinae). Biociências 12(2): 139-145
  • Lema, T. de. 1997. Redescription of the tropical Brazilian serpent Apostolepis nigrolineata (Peters, 1869), (Colubridae: Elapomorphinae), synonomus with A. pymi Boulenger 1903. Studies of Neotropical Fauna and Environment 32: 193-199.
  • Lema, Thales de 2001. Fossorial snake genus Apostolepis from South America (Serpentes: Colubridae: Elapomorphinae). Cuadernos de herpetología 15 (1): 29-43.
  • Lema, Thales de and Marcia F. Renner 1998. O status de Apostolepis quinquelineata BOULENGER,1896, A. pymi BOULENGER, 1903, E. rondoni AMARAL, 1925 (SERPENTES, COLUBRIDAE, ELAPOMORPHINI). Biociências 6 (1): 99-121
  • Lema, Thales; Nogueira de Queiroz, Albérico; Aldado Martins, Luciane 2017. Color variation observed in Apostolepis nigrolineata (Peters 1869) (Serpentes, Colubridae: Dipsadinae: Elapomorphini) Cuad. herpetol. 32 (2): - get paper here
  • Martins, L.A. & Lema, T. de 2015. Elapomorphini (Serpentes, Xenodontinae) do Brasil sudoeste. Neotropical Biology and Conservation 10(2): 93-102; doi: 10.4013/nbc.2015.102.05 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Nascimento F Paiva do; Lima Verde J S 1989. Ocorrencia de ofidios de ambientes florestais em enclaves de matas umidas do Ceara (Ophidia: Colubridae). BOLETIM DO MUSEU PARAENSE EMILIO GOELDI NOVA SERIE ZOOLOGIA 5 (1): 95-100
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1869. Über neue Gattungen und neue oder weniger bekannte Arten von Amphibien (Eremias, Dicrodon, Euprepes, Lygosoma, Typhlops, Eryx, Rhynchonyx, Elapomorphus, Achalinus, Coronella, Dromicus, Xenopholis, Anoplodipsas, Spilotes, Tropidonotus). Monatsber. k. preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1869: 432-447 - get paper here
  • Santos-Costa, Maria Cristina dos; Gleomar Fabiano Maschio, Ana Lúcia da Costa Prudente 2015. Natural history of snakes from Floresta Nacional de Caxiuanã, eastern Amazonia, Brazil Herpetology Notes 8: 69-98 - get paper here
  • Silva, F.M.; A.C. Menks; A.L.C. Prudente; J.C.L. Costa; A.E.M. Travassos; U. Galatti. 2011. Squamate Reptiles from municipality of Barcarena and surroundings, state of Pará, north of Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 220-226
  • Starace, Fausto 2013. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. Ibis Rouge Editions, Matoury, Guyane, ISBN 978-2-84450-407-4 - get paper here
  • Strauch,A. 1884. Bemerkungen über die Schlangengattung Elapomorphus aus der Familie der Calamariden. 2nd. Ed. Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg 29: 541-590 - get paper here
  • Vidal, Nicolas; de Massary, Jean-Christophe; Marty, Christian 1998. Nouvelles especes de serpents pour la Guyane francaise. Revue Française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie 25 (3-4): 131-134 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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