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Archaeolacerta bedriagae (CAMERANO, 1885)

IUCN Red List - Archaeolacerta bedriagae - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Bedriaga's Rock Lizard
G: Tyrrhenische Gebirgseidechse
Italian: lucertola di bedriaga 
SynonymLacerta oxycephala bedriagae CAMERANO 1885: 418
Lacerta sardoa PERACCA 1905
Lacerta muralis var. sardoa BOULENGER 1905: 413
Lacerta reticulata var. sardoa — MEHELY 1909: 487
Podarcis muralis var. sardoa — BOULENGER 1920: 252
Podarcis muralis var. bedriagae — BOULENGER 1920: 249
Lacerta (Archaeolacerta) bedriagae — MERTENS 1921
Lacerta bedriagae paessleri MERTENS 1927
Lacerta bedriagae paessleri — MERTENS & MÜLLER 1940
Lacerta bedriagae bedriagae — MERTENS & MÜLLER 1940
Lacerta bedriagae sardoa — MERTENS & MÜLLER 1940
Lacerta bedriagae sardoa — TADDEI 1949: 200
Lacerta bedriagae paessleri — TADDEI 1949: 199
Lacerta bedriagae bedriagae — TADDEI 1949: 198
Lacerta bedriagae ferrerae STEMMLER 1961
Archaeolacerta bedriagae ferrerae — KRAMER 1979
Archaeolacerta bedriagae — LANZA et al. 1984
Archaeolacerta bedriagae — DELAGUERRE & CHEYLAN 1992
Lacerta bedriagae — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Lacerta (Archaeolacerta) bedriagae — FU 1998
Archaeolacerta bedriagae — ARRIBAS 1999
Archaeolacerta bedriagae paessleri — MUTZ 1999
Archaeolacerta bedriagae — CORTI & LO CASCIO 2002
Archaeolacerta bedriagae — MAYER & ARRIBAS 2003
Archaeolacerta bedriagae — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Archaeolacerta) bedriagae — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Lacerta (Archaeolacerta) bedriagae sardoa — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Archaeolacerta bedriagae — SPEYBROECK et al. 2020 
DistributionFrance (Corsica), Italy (Sardinia: Limbara Mts., Gennargentu Mts.)

Type locality: Corsica

ferrerae: N Sardinia

paessleri: Sardinia (Mt. Limbara) (RIMPP 1979); Type locality: Limbara-Gebirge, Nord-Sardinien (MERTENS & MÜLLER 1940)

sardoa: Sardinia (Gennargentu Mountains); Type locality: Punta Paolina, Gennargentu, Sardinia.  
TypesType: MRSN (= MSNTO) R12
Type: MRSN (= MSNTO) R2125 [sardoa]
Holotype: SMF 22086, male [paessleri] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Lizards possessing the following features found only in a minority of other Lacertini: medial loop of clavicle always interrupted behind, outer edge of parietal scale extending to lateral border of parietal table posteriorly and sometimes anteriorly, one postnasal scale, usually five upper labial scales in front of subocular, dorsal colouring without longitudinal stripes or series of spots and more or less reticulate even in young. Other more widely distributed features among Lacertini include: head and body often strongly depressed and supraocular osteoderms fenestrated in adults, frequently nine premaxillary teeth, usual number of presacral vertebrae in males 26, inscriptional ribs often present, tail brightly coloured in hatchlings, hemi- penial microornamentation of hook-shaped spines (from Arnold et al. 2007: 37). 
CommentType species: Lacerta reticulata Bedriaga, 1881 is the type species of the genus Archaeolacerta Mertens, 1921 [=Archaeolacerta bedriagae (Camerano, 1885)].

Synonymy: Lacerta bedriagae tinettoi TADDEI 1949 is a synonym or subspecies of Podarcis muralis fide Gruschwitz & Böhme 1986: 176.

Subspecies: Archaeolacerta bedriagae paessleri (MERTENS 1927) is of doubtful validity (fide SINDACO & JEREMCENKO 2008); same for tinettoi. The validity of A. b. sardoa, A. b. paessleri, and A. b. ferrerae is not supported by genetic (Salvi et al., 2009, 2010) nor by morphological data (Salvi et al., 2008). 
EtymologyNamed after Jacques von Bedriaga (1854-1906), Russian-born herpetologist. 
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