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Arthrosaura synaptolepis DONNELLY, MCDIARMID & MYERS, 1992

IUCN Red List - Arthrosaura synaptolepis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesDonnelly's Arthrosaura 
SynonymArthrosaura synaptolepis DONNELLY, MCDIARMID & MYERS 1992
Arthrosaura synaptolepis — MYERS & DONNELLY 1997 
DistributionVenezuela, Brazil (Cerro de la Neblina and Pico Tamacuari in the borderland between Venezuela and Brazil). Elevation 1400 m.

Type locality: “about 6.2 km NNE Pico da Neblina, 1400-1450 m, Cerro de la Neblina, Amazonas, Venezuela (00° 51’ 45’’ N, 65° 58’ 52’’ W).” Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 317882, paratypes: MBUCV, AMNH. 
CommentArthrosaura synaptolepis differs from all other Arthrosaura in lacking prefrontal scales and in having two (vs. three) pairs of genials.

Distribution: although the species has been found near the border to Brazil, there are technically no reports from Brazil itself, hence COSTA & BERNILS 2015 do not list this species for Brazil. 
Etymologyfrom the Greek synaptos = joined together, and lepis = scale, referring to the apparent fusions that gave rise to the reduced number of head plates in this species. 
References
  • Barrio-Amorós, César L. & Brewer-Carias, Charles 2008. Herpetological results of the 2002 expedition to Sarisari–ama, a tepui in Venezuelan Guayana, with the description of five new species. Zootaxa 1942: 1-68 - get paper here
  • Donnelly M A. MCDIARMID R W. MYERS C W. 1992. A NEW LIZARD OF THE GENUS ARTHROSAURA TEIIDAE FROM SOUTHERN VENEZUELA. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 105 (4): 821-833. - get paper here
  • Kok, Philippe J.R. 2008. A new highland species of Arthrosaura Boulenger, 1885 (Squamata: Symnophthalmidae) from Maringma tepui on the border of Guyana and Brazil. Zootaxa 1909: 1-15 - get paper here
  • Macculloch, R. AND AMY LATHROP 2001. A New Species of Arthrosaura (Sauria: Teiidae) from the Highlands of Guyana. Carib. J. Sci. 37 (3-4): 174-181 - get paper here
  • Myers, Charles W.;Donnelly, Maureen A. 1997. A Tepui Herpetofauna on a Granitic Mountain (Tamacuari) in the Borderland Between Venezuela and Brazil: Report from the Phipps Tapirapecó Expedition. American Museum Novitates (3213): 1-71 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
 
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