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Aspidelaps scutatus SMITH, 1849

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesAspidelaps scutatus fulafulus (BIANCONI 1849: 108)
Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius BROADLEY 1968
Aspidelaps scutatus scutatus (SMITH, 1849) 
Common NamesE: scutatus: Shield-nose Snake
fulafula: Eastern Shield Cobra, Eastern Shield-nose Snake
intermedius: Intermediate Shield-nose Snake
G: Schildnasenkobra, Schildkobra 
SynonymAspidelaps scutatus scutatus (SMITH 1849)
Cyrtophis scutatus SMITH 1849: 22
Crytophis [sic] scutatus SMITH 1849 (fide HARDING & WELCH 1980)
Cyrtophis scutatus — PETERS 1882: 139
Aspidelaps scutatus — BOULENGER 1896: 391
Aspidelaps scutatus bachrani MERTENS 1954: 215
Aspidelaps scutatus scutatus — WELCH 1994: 19
Aspidelaps scutatus scutatus — AUERBACH 1987: 195
Aspidelaps scutatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 57

Aspidelaps scutatus fulafulus (BIANCONI 1849: 108)
Naia fula-fula BIANCONI 1849: 41
Aspidelaps scutatus — BOULENGER 1896: 391
Aspidelaps scutatus fulafula — JACOBSEN et al. 2010
Aspidelaps scutatus fulafula — PIETERSEN et al. 2013

Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius BROADLEY 1968
Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius BROADLEY 1968
Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius — WELCH 1994: 19
Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius — BOYCOTT 1992
Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007 
DistributionNamibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, NE Republic of South Africa, Mozambique

scutatus: Namibia, Botswana, SW Zimbabwe, NE Transvaal

fulafula: SE Zimbabwe, S Mozambique

intermedius: E Transvaal, Swaziland

Type locality: “Kaffirland and the country toward Natal” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.17.83 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentVenomous!

BROADLEY (1990) considered A. s. bachrani only as a color variant but not a subspecies of A. scutatus. 
References
  • Auerbach,R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Bianconi, J. J. 1849. Specimina zoologica Mossambicana (De piscibus et reptilibus). Alcune nuove specie di rettili del Mozambico. Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat. Bologna (ser. 2) 10: 106-109 and 202-208. - get paper here
  • Böhm, H.-U. & Oellers, R. 1987. Bemerkungen zur Haltung und Nachzucht von Vertretern der Elapiden-Gattung Aspidelaps FITZNGER 1843. Herpetofauna 9 (51): 15-18 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Branch, William R. & Bauer, Aaron M. 2005. The herpetological contributions of Sir Andrew Smith. SSAR, 80 pp.
  • Broadley, D.G. 1959. The herpetology of Southern Rhodesia. Part I--the snakes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 120 (1): 1-100 [reprint 1972] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1968. A revision of Aspidelaps scutatus (A. Smith) (Serpentes: Elapinae). Arnoldia 4 (2): 1-9
  • Broadley, Donald G., and Andrew S. Baldwin 2006. Taxonomy, natural history, and zoogeography of the Southern African Shield Cobras, Genus Aspidelaps (Serpentes: Elapidae). Herpetological Natural History 9 (2): 163-176.
  • Broadley,D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Terralog 15, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 150 pp.
  • Fitzsimons, V.F.M.; Brain, C.K. 1958. A Short account of the Reptiles of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park. Koedoe, 1(1): 99-104 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Jacobsen, Niels H.G.; Errol W. Pietersen & Darren W. Pietersen 2010. A preliminary herpetological survey of the Vilanculos Coastal Wildlife Sanctuary on the San Sebastian Peninsula, Vilankulo, Mozambique. Herpetology Notes 3: 181-193 - get paper here
  • Knauf, S. & Schmidt, P. 2003. Zur Haltung und Zucht der Schildnasenkobra Aspidelaps scutatus scutatus (SMITH, 1848) mit Anmerkungen zu den Unterarten (Serpentes: Elapidae). Sauria (Berlin) 25 (1): 11-18 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1954. Neue Schlangenrassen aus Südwest- und Südafrika. Zool. Anz. 152: 213-219
  • Peters,W. 1882. Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique auf Befehl seiner Majestät es Königs Friedrich Wilhelm IV. in den Jahren 1842 bis 1848 ausgefeführt von Wilhelm C. Peters. Zoologie III. Amphibien. Berlin (Reimer), 191pp.
  • Pietersen, Darren W. Pietersen, Errol W. Haacke, Wulf D. 2013. First herpetological appraisal of the Parque Nacional de Banhine, Gaza Province, southern Mozambique. Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 3: 153-163 - get paper here
  • Reissig, Jens, Craig Van Rensburg and Campbell Shaw. 2015. Geographic Distribution. Aspidelaps scutatus fulafula Bianconi, 1849, Eastern Shield Cobra. African Herp News (62): 43-44
  • Shine, Richard;Haagner, Gerald V.;Branch, William R.;Harlow, Peter S.;Webb, Jonathan K. 1996. Natural history of the African Shieldnose snake Aspidelaps scutatus (Serpentes, Elapidae). Journal of Herpetology 30 (3): 361-366 - get paper here
  • Smith, A. 1849. Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa. 3 (Reptiles). Smith, Elder, and Co., London [facsimile published by Winchester Press, Johannesburg, 1977] - get paper here
  • Spawls, S., Branch,B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Blandford, London, 192 pp.
  • Sternfeld, R. 1910. Zur Schlangenfauna Deutsch-Südwestafrikas. Mehrere Fälle von Mimikry bei afrikanischen Schlangen. Mitt. zool. Mus. Berlin, 5: 51-60 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1902. Über westafrikanische Reptilien. Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 332-348
  • Werner,F. 1910. Reptilia et Amphibia. In Schultze, L., Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika. Band IV, Systematik und Tiergeographie Vertebrata B. Denkschr. Med.-Nat. Wiss. GeselI. Jena 16: 279-370 [1910] - get paper here
 
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