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Aspidelaps scutatus SMITH, 1849

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesAspidelaps scutatus fulafulus (BIANCONI 1849)
Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius BROADLEY 1968
Aspidelaps scutatus scutatus (SMITH 1849) 
Common NamesE: scutatus: Common Shield Cobra, Shield-nose Snake
fulafula: Eastern Shield Cobra, Eastern Shield-nose Snake
intermedius: Intermediate Shield Cobra, Intermediate Shield-nose Snake,
G: Schildnasenkobra, Schildkobra 
SynonymAspidelaps scutatus scutatus (SMITH 1849)
Cyrtophis scutatus SMITH 1849: 22
Crytophis [sic] scutatus SMITH 1849 (fide HARDING & WELCH 1980)
Cyrtophis scutatus — PETERS 1882: 139
Aspidelaps scutatus — BOULENGER 1896: 391
Aspidelaps scutatus bachrani MERTENS 1954: 215
Aspidelaps scutatus scutatus — WELCH 1994: 19
Aspidelaps scutatus scutatus — AUERBACH 1987: 195
Aspidelaps scutatus scutatus — BROADLEY & BLAYLOCK 2013
Aspidelaps scutatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 57

Aspidelaps scutatus fulafulus (BIANCONI 1849: 108)
Naja fula-fula BIANCONI 1849: 108
Aspidelaps scutatus — BOULENGER 1896: 391
Aspidelaps scutatus fulafula — JACOBSEN et al. 2010
Aspidelaps scutatus fulafula — PIETERSEN et al. 2013
Aspidelaps scutatus fulafula — BROADLEY & BLAYLOCK 2013

Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius BROADLEY 1968
Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius BROADLEY 1968
Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius — WELCH 1994: 19
Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius — BOYCOTT 1992
Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007
Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius — BATES et al. 2014: 395 
DistributionNamibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, NE Republic of South Africa, Mozambique

scutatus: Namibia, Botswana, SW Zimbabwe, NE Transvaal

fulafula: SE Zimbabwe, S Mozambique

intermedius: E Transvaal, Swaziland

Type locality: “Kaffirland and the country toward Natal”  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.17.83 (and possibly additional specimens). 

BROADLEY (1990) considered A. s. bachrani only as a color variant but not a subspecies of A. scutatus. 
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bianconi, J. J. 1849. Lettera al Dottore Filippo de–Filippi, Professore di Zoologia a Torino sopra alcune nuove specie di rettili del Mozambico. Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat. Bologna (ser. 2) 10: 106-109 [1848] - get paper here
  • Böhm, H.-U. & Oellers, R. 1987. Bemerkungen zur Haltung und Nachzucht von Vertretern der Elapiden-Gattung Aspidelaps FITZNGER 1843. Herpetofauna 9 (51): 15-18 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Branch, William R. & Bauer, Aaron M. 2005. The herpetological contributions of Sir Andrew Smith. SSAR, 80 pp.
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1959. The herpetology of Southern Rhodesia. Part I--the snakes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 120 (1): 1-100 [reprint 1972] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Broadley, D.G. 1968. A revision of Aspidelaps scutatus (A. Smith) (Serpentes: Elapinae). Arnoldia 4 (2): 1-9
  • Broadley, Donald G., and Andrew S. Baldwin 2006. Taxonomy, natural history, and zoogeography of the Southern African Shield Cobras, Genus Aspidelaps (Serpentes: Elapidae). Herpetological Natural History 9 (2): 163-176.
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzsimons, V.F.M.; Brain, C.K. 1958. A Short account of the Reptiles of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park. Koedoe, 1(1): 99-104 - get paper here
  • Haacke, W.D. 1993. Geographical Distribution - Aspidelaps scutatus scutatus. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (42): 42-42 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Jacobsen, Niels H.G.; Errol W. Pietersen & Darren W. Pietersen 2010. A preliminary herpetological survey of the Vilanculos Coastal Wildlife Sanctuary on the San Sebastian Peninsula, Vilankulo, Mozambique. Herpetology Notes 3: 181-193 - get paper here
  • Knauf, S. & Schmidt, P. 2003. Zur Haltung und Zucht der Schildnasenkobra Aspidelaps scutatus scutatus (SMITH, 1848) mit Anmerkungen zu den Unterarten (Serpentes: Elapidae). Sauria (Berlin) 25 (1): 11-18 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1954. Neue Schlangenrassen aus Südwest- und Südafrika. Zool. Anz. 152: 213-219
  • Peters,W. 1882. Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique auf Befehl seiner Majestät es Königs Friedrich Wilhelm IV. in den Jahren 1842 bis 1848 ausgefeführt von Wilhelm C. Peters. Zoologie III. Amphibien. Berlin (Reimer), 191pp.
  • Pietersen, Darren W.<br />Pietersen, Errol W.<br />Haacke, Wulf D. 2013. First herpetological appraisal of the Parque Nacional de Banhine, Gaza Province, southern Mozambique. Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 3: 153-163 - get paper here
  • Reissig, Jens, Craig Van Rensburg and Campbell Shaw. 2015. Geographic Distribution. Aspidelaps scutatus fulafula Bianconi, 1849, Eastern Shield Cobra. African Herp News (62): 43-44
  • Rensberg, Craig van 2007. The Lebombo or Intermediate Shield Cobra, Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius (Serpentes: Elapidae). Captive husbandry, reproduction and maintenance of young. Litteratura Serpentium 27 (2): 77-91 - get paper here
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2015. Reptilien Namibias. Namibia Scientific  Society, 276 pp.
  • Shine, Richard;Haagner, Gerald V.;Branch, William R.;Harlow, Peter S.;Webb, Jonathan K. 1996. Natural history of the African Shieldnose snake Aspidelaps scutatus (Serpentes, Elapidae). Journal of Herpetology 30 (3): 361-366 - get paper here
  • Smith, A. 1849. Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa. 3 (Reptiles). Smith, Elder, and Co., London [facsimile published by Winchester Press, Johannesburg, 1977] - get paper here
  • Spawls, S., Branch, B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Blandford, London, 192 pp.
  • Sternfeld, R. 1910. Zur Schlangenfauna Deutsch-Südwestafrikas. Mehrere Fälle von Mimikry bei afrikanischen Schlangen. Mitt. zool. Mus. Berlin, 5: 51-60 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1902. Über westafrikanische Reptilien. Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 332-348
  • Werner,F. 1910. Reptilia et Amphibia. In Schultze, L., Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse einer Forschungsreise im westlichen und zentralen Südafrika. Band IV, Systematik und Tiergeographie Vertebrata B. Denkschr. Med.-Nat. Wiss. GeselI. Jena 16: 279-370 [1910] - get paper here
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