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Aspidoscelis inornatus (BAIRD, 1859)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesAspidoscelis inornatus arizonae (VAN DENBURGH 1896)
Aspidoscelis inornatus chihuahuae (WRIGHT & LOWE 1993)
Aspidoscelis inornatus cienegae (WRIGHT & LOWE 1993)
Aspidoscelis inornatus gypsi (WRIGHT & LOWE 1993)
Aspidoscelis inornatus heptagramma (AXTELL 1961)
Aspidoscelis inornatus junipera (WRIGHT & LOWE 1993)
Aspidoscelis inornatus llanuras (WRIGHT & LOWE 1993)
Aspidoscelis inornatus inornata (BAIRD 1859)
Aspidoscelis inornatus octolineata (BAIRD 1859)
Aspidoscelis inornatus paulula (WILLIAMS 1968) 
Common NamesLittle Striped Whiptail
arizonae: Arizona Striped Whiptail
gypsi: Little White Whiptail
heptagrammus: Trans-Pecos Striped Whiptail
juniperus: Woodland Striped Whiptail
llanuras: Plains Striped Whiptail 
SynonymCnemidophorus inornatus BAIRD 1859: 255
Cnemidophorus inornatus — GÜNTHER 1885: 29
Cnemidophorus inornatus — GADOW 1906: 373
Cnemidophorus perplexus VAN DENBURGH 1922: 495 (non BAIRD & GIRARD)
Cnemidophorus gularis velox SPRINGER 1928: 102
Cnemidophorus inornatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 184
Cnemidophorus inornatus — STEBBINS 1985: 154
Cnemidophorus inornatus inornatus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus inornatus — LINER 1994
Aspidoscelis inornata — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis inornata — COLE et al. 2010
Aspidoscelis inornatus — PYRON & BURBRINK 2013

Aspidoscelis inornatus arizonae (VAN DENBURGH 1896)
Cnemidophorus arizonae VAN DENBURGH 1896: 344
Cnemidophorus inornatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 184
Cnemidophorus inornatus arizonae — WRIGHT & LOWE 1965
Cnemidophorus inornatus arizonae — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus inornatus arizonae — WRIGHT & LOWE 1993
Cnemidophorus arizonae — CROTHER 2000
Aspidoscelis inornata arizonae — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis arizonae — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Aspidoscelis inornata arizonae — COLE et al. 2010
Aspidoscelis arizonae — JONES & LOVICH 2009
Aspidoscelis inornata arizonae — CROTHER et al. 2017

Aspidoscelis inornatus chihuahuae (WRIGHT & LOWE 1993)
Cnemidophorus inornatus chihuahuae WRIGHT & LOWE 1993: 137
Aspidoscelis inornata chihuahuae — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis inornata chihuahuae — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Aspidoscelis inornatus cienegae (WRIGHT & LOWE 1993)
Cnemidophorus inornatus cienegae WRIGHT & LOWE 1993: 139
Aspidoscelis inornata cienegae — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis inornata cienegae — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Aspidoscelis inornatus gypsi (WRIGHT & LOWE 1993)
Cnemidophorus inornatus gypsi WRIGHT & LOWE 1993: 140
Cnemidophorus gypsi — CROTHER 2000
Aspidoscelis inornata gypsi — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis gypsi — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Aspidoscelis inornata gypsi — CROTHER et al. 2012
Aspidoscelis gypsi — JONES & LOVICH 2009

Aspidoscelis inornatus heptagramma (AXTELL 1961)
Cnemidophorus inornatus heptagrammus AXTELL 1961: 151
Cnemidophorus inornatus heptagrammus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus inornatus heptagrammus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 123
Cnemidophorus inornatus heptagrammus — CROTHER 2000
Cnemidophorus inornatus heptogrammus — DIXON 2000
Aspidoscelis inornata heptagramma — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis inornata heptagramma — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Cnemidophorus inornatus heptagrammus — AKERET 2010
Aspidoscelis inornata heptagramma — CROTHER et al. 2012

Aspidoscelis inornatus junipera (WRIGHT & LOWE 1993)
Cnemidophorus inornatus juniperus WRIGHT & LOWE 1993: 146
Aspidoscelis inornata juniperus — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis inornata junipera — COLLINS & TAGGART 2012
Aspidoscelis inornata junipera — CROTHER et al. 2012

Aspidoscelis inornatus llanuras (WRIGHT & LOWE 1993)
Cnemidophorus inornatus llanuras WRIGHT & LOWE 1993: 148
Aspidoscelis inornata llanuras — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis inornata llanuras — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis inornata llanuras — CROTHER et al. 2012

Aspidoscelis inornatus inornata (BAIRD 1859)
Cnemidophorus inornatus BAIRD 1858
Cnemidophorus inornatus inornatus — WRIGHT & LOWE 1993: 143
Aspidoscelis inornata inornata — REEDER et al. 2002

Aspidoscelis inornatus octolineata (BAIRD 1859)
Cnemidophorus octolineatus BAIRD 1859: 255
Cnemidophorus octolineatus — GADOW 1906: 373
Cnemidophorus octolineatus — SMITH 1939
Aspidoscelis inornata octolineata — REEDER et al. 2002

Aspidoscelis inornatus paulula (WILLIAMS 1968)
Cnemidophorus inornatus paululus WILLIAMS 1968: 21
Cnemidophorus inornatus paululus — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus inornatus paululus WRIGHT & LOWE 1993: 151
Aspidoscelis inornata paulula — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis inornata paulula — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008 
DistributionUSA (Arizona, New Mexico, SW Texas),
Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Tamaulipas, NE Durango, Zacatecas, San Luis Potosi, W Nuevo Leon)

Type locality: Pesquiría Grande (= García), Nuevo León (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950)

arizonae: USA (SE Arizona); Type locality: Fairbank, Cochise County, Arizona (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950)

chihuahuae: Mexico (Chihuahua); Type locality: 8.1 miles east of Ciudad Chihuahua,1440 meters elevevation, Chihuahua, Mexico.

cienegae: Mexico (Coahuila); Type locality: 13.9 km SW of Cuatro Cienegas de Carranza, point of San Marcos Mtn., Coahuila, Mexico.

gypsi: USA (New Mexico)

heptagrammus: USA (W Texas, New Mexico); Mexico (Coahuila); Type locality: “30° 11’ 30" N, 103° 09' W, 5 mi ESE Marathon, Brewster County, Texas. Elevation 4,150 feet."

junipera: USA (New Mexico); Type locality: San Pedro Creek, 3 miles north and 2 miles east of San Antonio, 4550 ft, Bernalillo County, New Mexico.

llanuras: USA (New Mexico); Type locality: Carthage, 4990 ft, Socorro County, New Mexico.

paululus: Mexico (Durango); Type locality: Mexico: 10.2 mi NE Chocolate, Durango.  
ReproductionLutes et al. (2011) report the generation of four self-sustaining clonal lineages of a tetraploid species resulting from fertilization of triploid oocytes from a parthenogenetic Aspidoscelis exsanguis with haploid sperm from Aspidoscelis inornata. 
TypesHolotype: USNM 3032 (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950); Burger (1950) designated a lectotype, corrected by WRIGHT & LOWE 1993 to USNM 3032A.
Holotype: Stanford Univ. 2631 = CAS-SUR 2631 (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950) [arizonae]
Holotype: UIMNH 50988, K. L. Williams and P. S. Charpliwy; July 16, 1958 [paulula]
Holotype: Univ Arizona Zoology 5495 [chihuahuae]
hHolotype: CM 43196 [cienegae]
Holotype: University of Arizona, Departmentof Zoology No. 16187 [gypsi]
Holotype: RWA 1758, adult male [heptagramma]
Holotype: USNM 3009, adult male [octolineata]
Holotype: Museum of Southwestern Biology, University of New Mexico 5026 [junipera]
Holotype: Museum of Southwestern Biology, University of New Mexico 10357 [llanuras] 
CommentSubspecies: Wright & Lowe (1993) described five new U. S. races of this lizard, arizonae, gypsi, and pai (all allopatric), and juniperus and llanurus (both parapatric). Walker et al. (1996) proposed synonymizing the races juniperus and llanurus. Collins (1997), presented the conclusions of Wright & Lowe (1993) and Walker et al. (1997) to lizard systematist group, composed of Robert Bezy, Charles J. Cole, Darrel Arnold Kluge, Jimmy McGuire, Richard Montanucci, Robert Powell, and John Wiens, and the majority of those individuals responding recommended juniperus and llanurus not be recognized, and that arizonae, gypsi, and pai all be considered distinct species. Collins (1997) followed those recommendations.

[from: http://eagle.cc.ukans.edu/~cnaar/lacertilia.html]. However, Reeder et al. (2002) considered arizonae, gypsi, juniperus and llanurus as subspecies of C. inornata. Sullivan et al. (2013) found that A. arizonae as indistinguishable from A. i. llanuras and concluded that either A. arizonae is a cryptic species or a peripheral isolate unworthy of species status. Rosenblum & Burkett (in Lovich & Jones 2009) state that gypsi and inornata are not distinguishable based on available genetic data.

Hybridization: Aspidoscelis inornata arizonae and A. tigris marmorata hybridized in captivity (COLE et al. 2010). A cross between Aspidoscelis exsanguis (triploid parthenogen) × Aspidoscelis inornata (diploid bisexual or gonochoristic species) resulted in a “new” species, A. neavesi.

 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is derived from the Latin words in- , meaning "without or not" and ornatus, meaning "ornate or adorned," in reference to the original description of an unstriped population. 
References
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