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Aspidoscelis martyris (STEJNEGER, 1891)

IUCN Red List - Aspidoscelis martyris - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: San Pedro Martir Whiptail
S: Huico 
SynonymCnemidophorus martyris STEJNEGER 1891
Cnemidophorus martyris — VAN DENBURGH 1895: 125
Cnemidophorus tigris martyris — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 191
Cnemidophorus tesselatus martyris — BURT 1931: 205
Cnemidophorus martyris — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus martyris — LINER 1994
Aspidoscelis martyris — LINER 2007
Aspidoscelis martyris — WALKER et al. 2015
Aspidoscelis martyris — JOHNSON et al. 2017 
DistributionMexico (San Pedro Mártir Island, Gulf of California, Sonora)

Type locality: San Pedro Mártir Island, Gulf of California, Sonora.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 15620 
CommentIntergrades with Cnemidophorus tigris canus on South San Lorenzo Island (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950). Not mentioned in REEDER et al. (2002).

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Burt, C. E. 1931. A study of the teiid lizards of the genus Cnemidophorus with special reference to their phylogenetic relationships. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 154: 286 pp. - get paper here
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Rorabaugh JC 2019. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sonora, Mexico, with updated species lists. ZooKeys 829: 131-160 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Maslin, T. & Secoy, D.M. 1986. A checklist of the lizard genus Cnemidophorus (Teiidae). Contr. Zool. Univ. Colorado Mus. 1: 1-60
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • REEDER, T.W.; CHARLES J. COLE AND HERBERT C. DESSAUER 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of Whiptail Lizards of the Genus Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): A Test of Monophyly, Reevaluation of Karyotypic Evolution, and Review of Hybrid Origins. American Museum Novitates 3365: 1-64 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1891. Description of a new species of lizard from the Island San Pedro Martir, Gulf of California. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 14 (864): 407-408 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh,J. 1895. A review of the herpetology of Lower California. Part I - Reptiles. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (2) 5: 77-163 - get paper here
  • Walker, James M.; James E. Cordes, Glenn J. Manning, and Brian K. Sullivan 2015. Aspidoscelis tigris septentrionalis (Burger, 1950), Plateau Tiger Whiptail, in the Western United States: <br />Individual, Ontogenetic, and Geographic Variation In Color Pattern. Herp. Cons. Biol. 10 (3) - get paper here
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