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Aspidoscelis scalaris (COPE, 1892)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesRusty-rumped Whiptail 
SynonymCnemidophorus gularis scalaris COPE 1892
Cnemidophorus gularis semifasciatus COPE 1892
Cnemidophorus scalaris — GADOW 1906: 335
Cnemidophorus sackii scalaris — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 182
Cnemidophorus octolineatus SCHMIDT & SMITH 1944: 85 (non BAIRD)
Cnemidophorus sackii semifasciatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 184
Cnemidophorus scalaris scalaris — WEBB 1984
Cnemidophorus gularis scalaris — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Aspidoscelis gularis scalaris — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis scalaris — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008 
DistributionUSA (SW Texas),
Mexico (N/E Chihuahua, Coahuila, NE Durango, Zacatecas, San Luis Potosi)

Type locality: Not specifically designated. either “Mexican Plateau south of Chihuahua” or “City of Chihuahua”. Restricted to Chihuahua, Chihuahua by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

semifasciatus: Big bend area or Texas and adjacent Coahuila. Type locality: Agua nueva, Coahuila (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 8319, 14302. Lectotype: USNM 14302a
Holotype: USNM 9248 (semifasciatus) 
CommentSynonymy partly after SMITH & TAYLOR 190. Not listed by CROTHER 2000 for North America. See also discussion in CROTHER 2000 for Cnemidophorus septemvittatus.

Subspecies: LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008 listed 6 subspecies of Aspidoscelis gularis, most of which are now included in A. gularis.

Distribution: Not listed for San Luis Potosí by Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013. 
References
  • Cope, E.D. 1892. Color patterns in Cnemidophorus. Am. Nat. 25 [1891]: 1135-1136
  • Cope, E.D. 1892. A synopsis of the species of the teiid genus Cnemidophorus. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. (ser. 2) 17 (1): 27-52 [1893] - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Gadow,H. 1906. A contribution to the study of evolution based upon the Mexican species of Cnemidophorus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1906: 277-375 (+ maps) - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Maslin, T. & Secoy, D.M. 1986. A checklist of the lizard genus Cnemidophorus (Teiidae). Contr. Zool. Univ. Colorado Mus. 1: 1-60
  • REEDER, T.W.; CHARLES J. COLE AND HERBERT C. DESSAUER 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships of Whiptail Lizards of the Genus Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): A Test of Monophyly, Reevaluation of Karyotypic Evolution, and Review of Hybrid Origins. American Museum Novitates 3365: 1-64 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P.; Smith, Tarleton F. 1944. Amphibians and reptiles of the Big Bend region of Texas. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 29 (5): 75-96 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. et al. 1996. Relative priority of names for members of the Eastern and Central Spotted Whiptail lineages of the lizard genus Cnemidophorus in North America. Herpetological Review 27 (3): 129-130 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1952. Third contribution of the herpetology of the Mexican state of San Luis Potosí. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 34 (13): 793-815 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • WALKER, J. M., J. A. LEMOS-ESPINAL, JAMES E. CORDES, H. L. TAYLOR & H. M. SMITH 2001. Allocation of populations of whiptail lizards to septemvittatus Cope, 1892 (genus Cnemidophorus) in Chihuahua, México, and the scalaris problem. Copeia 2001 (3): 747-765 - get paper here
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1959. Variation in and distribution of lizards of western Mexico related to Cnemidophorus sacki. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 117 (2): 57-116
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1961. Relationship of two whiptail lizards (genus Cnemidophorus) in western Mexico. Copeia 1961 (1): 98-103 - get paper here
 
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