Aspidoscelis uniparens (WRIGHT & LOWE, 1965)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Aspidoscelis uniparens?
|Higher Taxa||Teiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Desert Grassland Whiptail|
|Synonym||Cnemidophorus uniparens WRIGHT & LOWE 1965|
Cnemidophorus uniparens — STEBBINS 1985: 155
Cnemidophorus uniparens — MASLIN & SECOY 1986
Cnemidophorus uniparens — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 122
Cnemidophorus uniparens — LINER 1994
Aspidoscelis uniparens — REEDER et al. 2002
Aspidoscelis uniparens — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008
Aspidoscelis uniparens — ENDERSON et al. 2009
Aspidoscelis priscillae COLE, TAYLOR, NEAVES, BAUMANN, NEWTON, SCHNITTKER & BAUMANN 2017
|Distribution||USA (SE Arizona, SW New Mexico, W Texas), |
Mexico (N Chihuahua, Sonora)
Type locality: Fairbank, Cochise County, Arizona.
|Types||Holotype: UAZ 5278, University of Arizona, Department of Zoology|
Holotype. MCZ R-194296 (1⁄4 SIMR 11089), a cloned adult female that also cloned herself at the SIMR; Paratypes. See Appendix 1 in Cole et al. 2017. Each individual of A. priscillae with a MCZ or AMNH catalog number, other than the holotype, is a paratype. Specimens with only a SIMR catalog number are not paratypes, as these were not included in morphological analyses, they were not preserved as permanent specimens, or they remain at the SIMR for now [priscillae]
|Comment||Parthenogenetic triploid species.|
A. priscillae is a tetraploid all-female species originated in the laboratory from hybridization between Aspidoscelis uniparens (triploid parthenogen) and Aspidoscelis inornatus (diploid bisexual species).
Diagnosis (priscillae). A species of the Aspidoscelis sexlineatus species group as reviewed by Lowe et al. (1970) and Reeder et al. (2002). The species is distinguished from all others in the genus by the following combination of characters: mesoptychials moderately enlarged with mostly rounded corners; somewhat enlarged postantebrachials with corners rounded or angular; two frontopar- ietals; usually three parietals; four supra- oculars each side; unisexual (only females exist), with reproduction by parthenogenet- ic cloning; body with six conspicuous longitudinal yellow or cream stripes on dark brown, gray, or black ground color (some have a partial or complete seventh vertebral light stripe); body without spots; basically no ontogenetic change in color pattern except brightness of colors and development of blue ventrally on large adults; maximum snout–vent length (SVL) about 75 mm; tetraploid number of chromosomes is 92, with four haploid sets of the sexlineatus species group (n 1⁄4 23), including the four largest chromosomes being metacentric.