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Asthenodipsas vertebralis (BOULENGER, 1900)

IUCN Red List - Asthenodipsas vertebralis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPareidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Asian Slug Snake, Mountain Slug Snake, Mountain Snail Snake
G: Bergschneckennatter 
SynonymAmblycephalus vertebralis BOULENGER 1900
Pareas vertebralis — SMEDLEY 1931: 122
Pareas vertebralis — GRANDISON 1972: 92
Pareas vertebralis — GRANDISON 1978: 294
Pareas vertebralis — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 378
Pareas vertebralis — COX et al. 1998: 79
Asthenodipsas vertebralis — ISKANDAR & COLIJN 2002
Pareas vertebralis — YOUMANS et al. 2003 [HR 34: 389]
Pareas vertebralis — PAUWELS et al. 2003
Asthenodipsas vertebralis — GROSSMANN & TILLACK 2003
Pareas vertebralis — DAS & YAAKOB 2007
Pareas vertebralis — GOWER et al. 2012: 77
Asthenodipsas vertebralis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 60 
DistributionWest Malaysia and Sabah (Borneo), Pulau Tioman [HR 34: 389], Indonesia (Sumatra)

Type locality: Bukit Larut (= Maxwell’s Hill), Larut, 3000 feet elevation, Malay Peninsula.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.20.14 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentSynonymy: after DAVID & VOGEL 1996 and GROSSMANN & TILLACK 2003 and 2004. A. tropidonotus has been removed from the synonymy of A. vertebralis and revalidated by LOREDO et al. 2013.

Taxonomy: According to the generic key given in Rao & Yang (1992) and to its original description, this species should belong to the genus Internatus, to which it is referred by DAVID & VOGEL 1996. But, according to Wallach (pers. comm.), it is probably a synonym of Pareas vertebralis (Boulenger, 1900), a species known from Malaya. The nominal taxon tropidonotus is not mentioned by Rao & Yang (1992) in their list of valid species of the genus Pareas and related genera. It is not clear whether this poorly known species was overlooked by these authors, or is considered a synonym of another Sumatran species. In the latter case, as no synonymy is given by Rao & Yang, it is not possible to indicate to which taxon it should be referred." (David & Vogel 1996).

Distribution: Reports from Borneo are based on misidentified Pareas = Asthenodipsas laevis (fide GROSSMANN & TILLACK 2004).

Behavior: nocturnal. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1900. Description of new reptiles from Perak, Malay Peninsula. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 7 Ser. 5: 306-308 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • David,P. & Vogel,G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Grandison, A. G. C. 1978. Snakes of West Malaysia and Singapore. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 81 [1977]: 283-303 - get paper here
  • Grandison, A.G.C. 1972. The Gunong Benom Expedition 1967. 5. Reptiles and amphibians of Gunong Benom with a description of a new species of Macrocalamus. Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), London, 23: 45-101.
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles of the Seribuat Archipelago. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 239 pp.
  • Grossmann, W. & Tillack, F. 2003. On the taxonomic status of Asthenodipsas tropidonotus (LIDTH DE JEUDE 1923) and Pareas vertebralis BOULENGER 1900) (Serpentes: Colubridae: Pareatinae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 10 (3): 175-190 - get paper here
  • Grossmann, W. & Tillack, F. 2004. Die Bergschneckennatter Asthenodipsas vertebralis (BOULENGER 1900) im Biotop und im Terrarium (Squamata: Colubridae: Pareatinae). Sauria, Berlin 26 (2): 9-22 - get paper here
  • HAAS, C.P.J. De 1950. Checklist of the snakes of the Indo-Australian archipelago. Treubia 20 (3): 511-625 - get paper here
  • Iskandar, Djoko T. and Colijn, E. 2002. A checklist of Southeast Asian and New Guinean Reptiles. Part I: Serpentes. Biodiversity Conservation Project, Jakarta, 195 pp. [2001]
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1923. A new Amblycephalus from Sumatra. Zoologische Mededelingen 7: 243. - get paper here
  • LOREDO, ARIEL I.; PERRY L. WOOD, JR., EVAN S. H. QUAH, SHAHRUL ANUAR, LEE F. GREER, NORHAYATI AHMAD & L. LEE GRISMER 2013. Cryptic speciation within Asthenodipsas vertebralis (Boulenger, 1900) (Squamata: Pareatidae), the description of a new species from Peninsular Malaysia, and the resurrection of A. tropidonotus (Lidth de Jude, 1923) from Sumatra: an integrative taxono Zootaxa 3664 (4): 505–524 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; David, P.; Chimsunchart, C. & Thirakhupt, K. 2003. Reptiles of Phetchaburi Province, Western Thailand: a list of species, with natural history notes, and a discussion on the biogeography at the Isthmus of Kra. Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 3 (1): 23-53 - get paper here
  • Rao, D.Q. & D.T. YANG 1992. Phylogenetic systematics of Pareinae (Serpents) of southeastern Asia and adjacent islands with relationship between it and the geology changes. [In Chinese, English summary]. Acta zool. Sinica, 38 (2): 139-150.
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Smedley, N. 1932. Amphibians and reptiles from the Cameron Highlands, Malay Peninsula. Bull. Raffl. Mus., Singapore, 6: 105 - 123 [1931] - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1929. Übersicht der Gattungen und Arten der Schlangen aus der Familie Colubridae. 3. Teil (Colubrinae). Mit einem Nachtrag zu den übrigen Familien. Zool. Jb. Syst., Jena, 57: 1-196.
 
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