Atheris chlorechis (PEL, 1851)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Atheris chlorechis?
|Higher Taxa||Viperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes)|
|Synonym||Vipera chlorechis PEL 1851|
Vipera chloroechis — SCHLEGEL 1855: 317
Toxicoa chloroechis — COPE 1859: 341
Echis chloroechis — JAN 1863: 122
Atheris polylepis PETERS 1864: 642
Atheris chlorechis — PETERS 1864: 645
Atheris chloroechis [sic] — BRISCOE 1949
Atheris squamiger chlorechis — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Atheris chloroechis [sic]— MATTISON 1995: 159
Atheris chlorechis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 355
Atheris chlorechis — RÖDEL & MAHSBERG 2000
Atheris chloroechis [sic] — MATTISON 2007: 161
|Distribution||Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, probably Benin (Hughes 2013), Nigeria, Cameroon|
Type locality: Butre, Ghana (designated by HUGHES & BARRY 1969) Map legend:
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
|Types||Lectotype: RMNH 1648|
Type species: Vipera chlorechis PEL 1851 is the type species of the genus Atheris COPE 1862. Williams and Wallach 1989 list Toxicoa squamata COPE 1859 as the type species of the genus Atheris COPE 1862. See McDiarmid et al. 1991: 353 for a discussion of this issue.
Synonymy: Kaiser et al. 2013 considered the generic name Woolfvipera Hoser 2012 invalid and rejected its use instead of Atheris.
Diagnosis (genus): Habitus slender, body laterally compressed, with high ventral and subcaudal counts and a short square head. Dorsal head scales small to moderate, more or less keeled; rostral fragmented, so that a wide shallow rostral is surmounted by 2-8 suprarostrals between the nasals and below the transverse series of internasals that marks the beginning of the dorsal surface of the head; transverse dorsal scale rows with frequent duplications or fusions as one moves from ventrum to dorsum; subcaudals single. Palatine-pterygoid articulation a simple overlapping joint; intra-pulmonary bronchus short.
Habitat: trees (arboreal)
|Etymology||Etymology of genus: from Greek “athér” for the ear of corn, or generally “tip”, referring to the pointed scales. Greek “chloros” means green. ICZN Opinion 1634 (1991:84) states that Atheris is feminin, although Cope and others disagreed.|