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Atheris nitschei TORNIER, 1902

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesGreat Lakes Bush Viper 
SynonymAtheris nitschei TORNIER 1902: 589
Atheris woosnami BOULENGER 1906
Atheris nitschei — WELCH 1994: 21
Atheris nitschei — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 356
Atheris nitschei nitschei — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 23
Atheris nitschei — BROADLEY 1998: 121
Atheris nitschei — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007 
DistributionTanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, E/S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Malawi, Zambia, elevation 1500-3000 m.

Type locality: Mpororo Swamp, Tanzania. During colonial times the Mpororo region was situated in the so-called “Zwischenseengebiet” (in-between lakes region), between Lake Victoria, Lake Kivu and Lake Tanganyika. Today this region comprises parts of northwest Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi. The collection locality could have been situated in the region of today's border between Tanzania and Rwanda (as mentioned by McDiarmid et al., 1999). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 17669 
CommentVenomous! Atheris nitschei rungweensis has been elevated to full species status. 
References
  • Bogert,C.M. 1940. Herpetological results of the Vernay Angola Expedition. I. Snakes, including an arrangement of the African Colubridae. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 77: 1-107
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1906. Description of a new Tree-Viper from Mount Ruwenzori. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 18: 37-38 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. A review of the genus Atheris Cope (Serpentes: Viperidae), with the description of a new species from Uganda. The Herpetological Journal 8: 117-135.
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Terralog 15, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 150 pp.
  • Ernst, R. & Rödel, M. O. 2002. A new Atheris species (Serpentes: Viperidae), from Taï National Park, Ivory Coast. The Herpetological Journal 12: 55-61
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Herrmann,H. W.; Joger,U.; Lenk,P. & Wink,M. 1999. Morphological and molecular phylogenies of viperines: conflicting evidence?. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 21-30 - get paper here
  • Joger,U. & Courage,K. 1999. Are palearctic ‘rattlesnakes’ (Echis and Cerastes) monophyletic?. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 65-81
  • Loveridge,A. 1933. Reports on the scientific Results of an Expedition to the Southwestem Highlands of Tanganyika Territory. VII. Herpetology. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 74: 197-415 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Monzel, Markus M 2012. Gifte, Gifttiere, Menschen – eine Geschichte voller (Miss)Verständnisse Draco 13 (51): 4-25 - get paper here
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Pitman,C.R.S. 1974. A guide to the snakes of Uganda. Codicote, Wheldon & Wesley, L., 290 pp.
  • Rasmussen, J.B. & K.M. HOWELL 1982. The current status of the rare Usambara mountain forest-viper, Atheris ceratophorus Werner, 1895, including a probable new record of Atheris nitschei rungweensis Bogert, 1940, and a discussion of its validity (Reptilia, Serpentes, Viperidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 3: 269-277 - get paper here
  • Roelke, Corey E. & Smith, E.N. 2010. Herpetofauna, Parc National des Volcans, North Province, Republic of Rwanda. Check List 6 (4): 525-531 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2001. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147]
  • Tornier,G. 1902. Herpetologisch Neues aus Deutsch-Ostafrika. Zool. Jahrb. Syst. 15: 578-590 - get paper here
  • Wustrack, F. 2002. Erfolgreiche Nachzucht der Schwarzgrünen Buschviper, Atheris nitschei (TORNIER 1902). Elaphe 10 (1): 42-48
 
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