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Atlantolacerta andreanskyi (WERNER, 1929)

IUCN Red List - Atlantolacerta andreanskyi - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Andreansky's Lizard 
SynonymLacerta andreanskyi WERNER 1929: 4
Lacerta Andreanszkyi — WERNER 1931: 284
Lacerta andreanskyi — MALKMUS 1981
Teira andreanskyi — MAYER & BISCHOFF 1996: 169
Lacerta andreanskyi — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 403
Teira andreanskyi — SCHLÜTER 2003
Teira andreanskyi — BISCHOFF 2005
Atlantolacerta andreanskyi — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Atlantolacerta) andreanskyi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionMorocco (western and central part of the High Atlas), elevation 2400-2800 m (WERNER 1931)

Type locality: “Tachdirt, Grand Atlas, 2500 m” elevation.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-27391 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Member of the Eremiadini distinguished from nearly all others by lacking a derived condition of the ulnar nerve, an armature and folded lobes in the hemipenis and from all except Omanosaura in possessing a clavicle loop that is sometimes interrupted behind, and A and B-type caudal vertebrae. Other features that in combination help to distinguish it from other genera of Eremiadini and of Lacertini include the following: small body size, often high numbers of presacral vertebrae (26–28 in males, 29 in females), sternal fontanelle sometimes weakly heart-shaped, edge of parietal scale reaching lateral border of parietal table both posteriorly and anteriorly, one postnasal scale, supranasal scale contacting anterior loreal above nostril; narrow light supraciliary stripes often present; no blue spots on outer ventral scales; outer sulcal lips on lobes of hemipenis large. Other more widely distributed features in Eremiadini and Lacertini include: head and body not strongly depressed and supraocular osteoderms complete in adults, seven premaxillary teeth in adults, inscriptional ribs often present, tail brightly coloured in hatchlings, hemipenial microornamentation of hook-shaped spines (from Arnold et al. 2007: 64). 
CommentType Species: Lacerta andreanskyi Werner, 1929 is the type species of the genus Atlantolacerta ARNOLD et al. 2007.

Although the species shows extreme genetic diversity supporting the existence of six independent entities, morphological variation among populations was found to be low, and no single diagnostic traits could be identified (Barata et al. 2015). 
EtymologyNamed after Gábor Andreánszky [sic], a Viennese zoologist and paleobotanist who accompanied Franz Werner to Morocco. 
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Avella, Ignazio; Nahla Lucchini, Urtzi Enriquez-Urzelai, Frederico Corga & Fernando Martínez-Freiría 2019. New records for the reptile fauna of the Tichka plateau (western High Atlas, Morocco). Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp. 30 (2) - get paper here
  • Barata, Mafalda; Ana Perera & D. James Harris 2015. Cryptic variation in the Moroccan high altitude lizard Atlantolacerta andreanskyi (Squamata: Lacertidae). African Journal of Herpetology 64 (1): 1-17 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2007. Auf der Suche nach Gebirgseidechsen in drei Erdteilen. Draco 7 (27): 54-73 - get paper here
  • Busack, S.D. 1987. Notes on the biology of Lacerta andreanszkyi. Amphibia-Reptilia 1987 (8): 231-236 - get paper here
  • Harris DJ, Varela-Pereira AC, Faria JF, S’Khifa A, Vasconcelos D, Marshall JC, Slimani T 2023. New localities and lineages of the Atlas dwarf lizard Atlantolacerta andreanskyi identified using mitochondrial DNA markers. Herpetozoa 36: 129-134 - get paper here
  • Koziel, G., S’khifa, A., Kirchhof, S., MacLeod, A., Joger, U., Sinervo, B., ... & Vences, M. 2021. Inference of lizard preferred temperatures differs substantially among experimental methods. Salamandra 57 (2): 263-273 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R. 1981. Zur vertikalen Verbreitung einiger marokkanischer Amphibien und Reptilien (Oukaïmeden - Hoher Atlas). Salamandra 17 (1-2): 206-207 - get paper here
  • Martínez del Mármol, Gabriel; D. James Harris, Philippe Geniez, Philip de Pous, and Daniele Salvi 2019. Amphibians and Reptiles of Morocco. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 478 pp - get paper here
  • Mayer, W., and Bischoff, W. 1996. Beiträge zur taxonomischen Revision der Gattung Lacerta (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Teil 1: Zootoca, Omanosaura, Timon und Teira als eigenständige Gattungen. Salamandra 32 (3): 163-170 - get paper here
  • Pavlicev, Mihaela & Werner Mayer 2009. Fast radiation of the subfamily Lacertinae (Reptilia: Lacertidae): History or methodical artefact? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52 (3): 727-734 - get paper here
  • Pérez I de Lanuza G, Font E 2016. The evolution of colour pattern complexity: selection for conspicuousness favours contrasting within-body colour combinations in lizards. J Evol Biol. doi: 10.1111/jeb.12835 - get paper here
  • S'khifa, Abderrahim; Mohamed Amine Samlali, David James Harris, Tahar Slimani 2020. Communal egg-laying of Atlantolacerta andreanszkyi (Squamata: Lacertidae) in the Moroccan High Atlas. Herpetology Notes 13: 357-359 - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Schlüter, U. 2003. Lacertiden aus dem Reraïa-Hochtal und Toubkal-Nationalpark im Hohen Atlas von Marokko. Die Eidechse 14 (3): 94-104 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • S’KHIFA, ABDERRAHIM; MIGUEL A. CARRETERO, D. JAMES HARRIS & TAHAR SLIMANI. 2022. Ecophysiological conservativeness and size-mediated plasticity in the High Mountain Lizard Atlantolacerta andreanskyi confirm its vulnerability to climate change. Salamandra 58(2): 139–150. - get paper here
  • Werner,F. 1929. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse einer zoologischen Forschungsreise nach Westalgerien und Marokko. Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-naturw. kl., Abt. 1, 138; 1-34 - get paper here
  • Werner,F. 1931. Ergebnisse einer zoologischen Forschungsreise nach Marokko. III. Unternommen 1930 mit Unterstützung der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien von Franz Werner und Richard Ebner. III. Amphibien und Reptilien. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien Mathem.-Naturw., Sect. 1, 140: 272-318 - get paper here
  • Zawadzki, Mike 2013. Die Überwinterung von Echsen. Draco 14 (55): 42-49 - get paper here
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