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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesPortuguese: Cobra-da-terra, Falsa-Coral-Manchada, Fura-Terra 
Atractus aboiporu — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Amapa)

Type locality: Serra do Navio, Amapa, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype. MPEG 25796: Adult female, coll. U. Galatti, D. Silvano, and B. Pimenta, 9 November 2000. Paratype. MPEG 25797: same data as holotype. MPEG 19783: coll. U. Galatti and J. A. R. Bernardi, 29 August 2000, Pedra Branca do Amapari, Amapa. (0° 51’ 34’’ N, 51°52’ 34’’W; 161 m asl). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Atractus aboiporu can be distinguished from all congeners by the unique combination of the following characters: (1) smooth dorsal scale rows 15/15/15; (2) postoculars two; (3) loreal moderately long; (4) temporal formula 1þ2; (5) supralabials seven, third and fourth contacting eye; (6) infralabials seven, first four contacting chinshields; (7) maxillary teeth seven; (8) gular scale rows three; (9) preventrals two; (10) ventrals 133–135 in females, unknown in males; (11) subcaudals 15–16 in females, unknown in males; (12) in preservative, dorsum cinnamon to verona brown with a series of sepia blotches mostly like rhomboidal parallelograms along the vertebral axis; (13) in preservative, venter beige with two rows of sepia dots or square spots, mostly concentrated on the midbody scales; (14) small body size in female (maximum 275mm SVL); (15) small tail in female (7.6–10.8% SVL). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet ‘aboiporu’ is a Tupi indigenous name herein used in apposition alluding to the peculiar feeding habits of the new species (abóî = earthworm; poru = eater), as well as other congeners.
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Melo-Sampaio, Paulo Roberto; Paulo Passos, Antoine Fouquet, Ana Lucia Da Costa Prudente & Omar Torres-Carvajal 2019. Systematic review of Atractus schach (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) species complex from the Guiana Shield with description of three new species. Systematics and Biodiversity, 17:3, 207-229, DOI: 10.1080/14772000.2019.1611674 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
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