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Atractus apophis PASSOS & LYNCH, 2010

IUCN Red List - Atractus apophis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymAtractus apophis PASSOS & LYNCH 2010
Atractus apophis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 68 
DistributionColombia (Huila)

Type locality: Parque Arqueológico San Augustín, municipality of San Augustín (01° 53’ N, 76° 16’ W, ca. 1640 m elevation), department of Huila, Colombia.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: ICN-MHN = ICN 10822, adult male, collected on 30 October 1993 by Aurita Bello 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Atractus apophis is distin- guished from all congeners by having: (1) 17/ 17/17 smooth dorsal scale rows; (2) two postoculars; (3) moderate loreal; (4) temporals 1 + 2; (5) seven supralabials, third and fourth contacting orbit; (6) seven infralabials, first three contacting chinshields; (7) five maxillary teeth; (8) four gular scale rows; (9) four preventrals; (10) 167 ventrals in the single male; (11) 34 subcaudals; (12) black dorsum with small and nearly indistinct beige dots; (13) black venter with disperse creamish white squared blotches; (14) moderate body size, single male 379 mm SVL; (15) moderate tail lengthinthemale(14.2%SVL);(16)hemipenis slightly bilobed, semicapitate, and semi-calyculate. 
CommentSpecimens: this species has been described based on a single specimen. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet ‘‘apophis’’ refers to the Latin name of the snake-like monster Aped or Apófis from Egyptian mythology. This creature, according to old Egypt legend, inhabited the underground of the earth and fought with the God Rá at each night-fall. Aped was always defeated and killed by Rá, but resurrected in the next day for new combat. The word is used here in allusion to the secretive habits of Atractus apophis. 
  • Passos, Paulo and John D. Lynch 2010. Revision of Atractus (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) from Middle and Upper Magdalena Drainage of Colombia. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 149-173 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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