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Atractus flammigerus (BOIE, 1827)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesFlaming Ground Snake 
SynonymBrachyorrhos flammigerus BOIE 1827
Calamaria badia — SCHLEGEL 1837: 35 (part.)
Rabdosoma badium var. B — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854
Rhabdosoma badium (a,b) — GÜNTHER 1858
Atractus badius var. E — BOULENGER 1894: 308
Atractus major — REED & BOROWSKY 1970
Atractus badius — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 27
Geophis alasukai GASC & RODRIGUES 1980 (fide HOOGMOED 1980)
Atractus flammigerus — STARACE 1998: 131
Atractus flammigerus — LEHR 2002: 204
Geophis alasukai — CLAESSEN 2003
Atractus flammigerus — PASSOS et al. 2007
Atractus flammigerus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 72 
DistributionBrazil, French Guiana (alasukai), Suriname, Peru

Type locality: see comment; Guyane (fide STARACE 1998), restricted to Paramaribo, Surinam, by HOOGMOED 1980.  
TypesLectotype: RMNH 118a, a 313 mm female (Cabinet Brugmans), designated by Hoogmoed, 1980: 20. 
CommentAbundance: rare. Only ~20 individuals of A. flammigerus (sensu stricto) are reported in the literature on the basis of vouchered specimens (but see synonymy).

Subspecies: Atractus flammigerus snethlageae DA CUNHA & DO NASCIMENTO 1983 has been erected to full species status by Vanzolini (1986) which was confirmed by Martins & Oliveira (1993).

Synonymy after HOOGMOED 1980 who resurrected A. flammigerus, which at the time was considered a synonym of A. badius. See also Atractus badius.

Similar species: A. flammigerus has been confused with A. snethlageae and A. torquatus.

Distribution: See map in Passos et al. 2017: Fig. 9. The type locality was given as “Java” by BOIE (apparently in error fide PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970). Hoogmoed’s definition of A. flammigerus included specimens from the Guiana Shield (A. flammigerus sensu stricto) as well as from Peru (now A. snethlageae). 
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Boie, F. 1827. Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien, 1. Lieferung: Ophidier. Isis van Oken 20: 508-566. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
  • Claessen, H. 2003. Slangen van de Guyana’s. Deel V. Lacerta 61 (4): 123-133 - get paper here
  • Claessen, H. 2003. De slangen can de Guyana’s. Deel iv. Lacerta 61 (1): 19-27 - get paper here
  • Cunha, O R da; do Nascimento F P 1983. Ofidios da Amazonia. 20 - As especies de Atractus Wagler, 1828, na Amazonia oriental & Maranhao (Ophidia, Colubridae). Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi NOVA SERIE ZOOLOGIA (No. 123): 1-38
  • Duellman, W. E. 2005. Cusco Amazónico: The Lives of Amphibians and Reptiles in an Amazonian Rainforest. Comstock Pub Assoc.
  • Duellman, W.E., & Salas, A.W. 1991. Annotated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Cuzco Amazonico, Peru. Occas. Papers Mus. of Natur. Hist., Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence (143): 13 pp. - get paper here
  • Gasc & Rodrigues 1980. Liste preliminaire des Serpents de la Guyane francaise. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 2 (4): 559-598
  • Gasc J P; Rodrigues M T 1980. Sur la presence du genre Geophis (Colubridae, Serpentes) dans la region guyanaise. Description d'une nouvelle espece de Guyane francaise. BULLETIN DU MUSEUM NATIONAL D'HISTOIRE NATURELLE SECTION A ZOOLOGIE BIOLOGIE ET ECOLOGIE ANIMALES 1 [1979] (4): 1121-1130 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M. S. 1980. Revision of the genus Atractus in Surinam, with the ressurection of two species (Colubridae, Reptilia). Notes on the Herpetofauna of Surinam VII. Zoologische Verhandelingen (175): 1-47 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S. 1982. Snakes of the Guianan Region. Mem. Inst. Butantan 46: 219-254. - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Passos, P., R. Fernandes and Borges-Nojosa, D.M. 2007. A New Species of Atractus (Serpentes: Dipsadinae) from a Relictual Forest in Northeastern Brazil. Copeia 2007 (4): 788–797 - get paper here
  • Passos, Paulo; Luciana O. Ramos, Antoine Fouquet, and Ana L.C. Prudente 2017. Taxonomy, Morphology, and Distribution of Atractus flammigerus (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) Herpetologica Dec 2017, Vol. 73, No. 4: 349-363. - get paper here
  • Passos, Paulo; Philippe J. R. Kok, Nelson R. de Albuquerque, and Gilson A. Rivas 2013. Groundsnakes of the Lost World: A Review of Atractus (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) from the Pantepui Region, Northern South America. Herpetological Monographs 27 (1): 52-86 - get paper here
  • SCHARGEL, WALTER E.; WILLIAM W. LAMAR, PAULO PASSOS, JORGE H. VALENCIA, DIEGO F. CISNEROS-HEREDIA, JONATHAN A. CAMPBELL 2013. A new giant Atractus (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) from Ecuador, with notes on some other large Amazonian congeners. Zootaxa 3721 (5): 455–474 - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Descriptive. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum), 606 S. + xvi - get paper here
  • Starace, Fausto 1998. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. IBIS Rouge Editions, Guadeloupe, Guyane, 450 pp.
  • Starace, Fausto 2013. Guide des Serpents et Amphisbènes de Guyane. Ibis Rouge Editions, Matoury, Guyane, ISBN 978-2-84450-407-4 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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